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  • Rein Taagepera, "Valimisreeglid Eestis aegade jooksul," Riigikogu valimised 1999 (Tartu, 1999), 23; Andrejs Plakans, "Democratization and political participation in postcommunist societies: The case of Latvia, Dawisha and Parrott," Consolidation of Democracy, 281; Krickus, "Democratization in Lithuania," 303; Lietuvos statistikos metraštis 1998 (Vilnius, 1998), 55. The figure for Lithuania in 1996 is only for the first round of parliamentary elections.

  • Rain Rosimannus, "Political parties: Identity and identification," Nationalities Papers, 23 (1995), 36-39. For an overview of the chaning Baltic party landscape in the 1990s, see Vello Pettai and Marcus Kreuzer, "Party polities in the Baltic states: Social bases and institutional context," East European Politics and Societies, 13 (1999), 184-189.

  • Dzintra Bungs, Saulius Girnius, and Riina Kionka, "Citizenship legislation in the Baltic states," RFE/RL Research Report, 1, no. 50 (1992), 38-40; Riigi Teataja, no. 7 (1992), 175-176.

  • Estonian Institute of Economic Research, Baltic Facts 1999 (Tallinn, 1999), 21, 67-69; Statistical Yearbook of Estonia 1999 (Tallinn, 1999), 352-353; Postimees, September 29, 1999, 11.

  • Raun, "Ethnic relations and conflict," 158-160.

  • Kalev Katus, "Estonia and Europe: Population dimension," Society, Parliament and Legislation (Tallinn, 1999), 134.

  • Estonian Human Development Report 1999 (N.P., 1999), 40-43.

  • Nils Muiñnieks, "Making citizenship work," The Baltic Times, March 13-19, 1997, 23.

  • The Baltic Times, November 14-20, 1996, 1.

  • Toivo U. Raun, "Democratization and political development in Estonia, 1987-1996," Dawisha and Parrott, Consolidation of Democracy, 347, 361.

  • Raun, "Ethnic relations and conflict," 162-63, 179; New York Times, July 27, 1994, Al.

  • Alfred Erich Senn, "Lithuania: Rights and responsibilities of independence," in: Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras, eds, New States, New Politics: Building the Post-Soviet Nations (Cambridge, 1997), 363-365; Richard J. Krickus, "Democratization in Lithuania," Dawisha and Parrott, Consolidation of Democracy, 305.

  • The Lithuanian share of CPL membership showed a clear upward trend during the Soviet era. For comparative statistics on the native role in Baltic communist parties, see Romuald J. Misiunas and Rein Taagepera, The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940-1990, expanded and updated ed. (Berkeley, Calif., 1993), 359-360.

  • Toivo U. Raun, "Ethnic relations and conflict in the Baltic states," W. Raymond Duncan and G. Paul Holman, Jr., eds, Ethnic Nationalism and Regional Conflict: The Former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia (Boulder, Colo., 1994), 171-174.

  • See, for example, Karen Dawisha and Bruce Parrott, eds, The Consolidation of Democracy in East-Central Europe (Cambridge, 1997), which has chapters on Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia.

  • Postimees, October 25, 1999, 9; Mare Haab, "Potentials and vulnerabilities of the Baltic states: Mutual competition and cooperation," Birthe Hansen and Bertel Heurlin, eds., The Baltic States in World Politics (New York, 1998), 10-11.

  • For brief overviews, see Alfred Erich Senn, "Lithuania's path to independence," Journal of Baltic Studies, 22 (1991), 245-250; Toivo U. Raun, "The re-establishment of Estonian independence," ibid., 251-258; and Andrejs Plakans, "Latvia's return to independence," ibid., 259-266.

  • Luup, June 29, 1998, 29.

  • The Baltic Independent, June 16-22, 1995, 1; The Baltic Times, July 27-23, 1997, 1, 8; December 16, 1999-January 5, 2000, 1, 3.

  • Postimees, December 17, 1999, 11.

  • Helsingin Sanomat, April 21, 2000, CI; May 15, 1999, B7.

  • Mati Heidmets, "The Russian minority: Dilemmas for Estonia," Trames, 2 (1998), 264-272.

  • Republic of Estonia Constitution (Tallinn, 1993), 25.

  • Ibid., 44. A residency requirement of five years was dropped before the October 1999 local elections, making it easier for non-citizens to vote.

  • Eve Kuusmann, "Estonia and cooperation in the Baltic Sea region," Pertti Joenniemi and Peeter Vares, eds., New Actors on the International Arena: The Foreign Policies of the Baltic Countries (Tampere, 1993), 83-93.

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  • Bíró, Annamária
  • Khavanova, Olga
  • de Montety, Henri
  • Áron Orbán

Nemzetközi Magyarságtudományi Társaság
Address: H-1097 Budapest, Tóth Kálmán u. 4. B.8.41.
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  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous) SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q4
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous) SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q4
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.11
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 3

Journal Rank
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Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous) Q4
Social Sciences (miscellaneous) Q4

Cite Score
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General Arts and Humanitis 125/147 (Q4)
General Social Sciences 248/260 (Q4)


Hungarian Studies
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Hungarian Studies
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Founder Nemzetközi Magyarságtudományi Társaság -- International Association for Hungarian Studies
H-1097 Budapest, Tóth Kálmán u. 4. B.8.41.
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