The research and writing of this article was carried out under the auspices of the research group “Great Britain, the United States, and Hungary: History, Society, Politics” created by the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church in Hungary, and was supported by a KRE BTTK project awarded in 2022.
Foreign Relations of the United States (1947). The Paris Peace conference, 1919, Vol. XII, Government Printing Office, Washington.
M 1206, Roll 3, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington, DC, USA.
Frank, T. (2003). Discussing Hitler. Advisers of U.S. Diplomacy in Central Europe 1934–1941. Central European University Press, Budapest, New York.
Hoover, H. (1976). Containing the public messages, speeches and statements of the president, January 1 to December 31, 1930, public papers of the presidents of the United States. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
League of Nations (1944). The League of nations reconstruction schemes in the inter-war period. Economic, Financial and Transit Department, Geneva.
Pastor, P. (1976). Hungary between Wilson and Lenin: the Hungarian revolution of 1918–1919 and the big three. Columbia University Press, Boulder, CO. East European Quarterly Distributed by New York.
Peterecz, Z. (2013). Jeremiah Smith, Jr. and Hungary, 1924–1926: the United States, the League of Nations, and the Financial Reconstruction of Hungary. Versita, London.
Peterecz, Z. (2014). The visit of the most popular American of the day: Theodore Roosevelt in Hungary. Hungarian Studies, 28(2): 235–254.
Péteri, Gy. (2002). Global monetary regime and national central banking. The case of Hungary, 1921–1929. Social Science Monographs, Boulder, CO.
On the Károlyi era and the reasons and events leading up to the Bolshevik takeover in March 1919, see, Pastor (1976). For an English language summary on the events in Hungary in the spring and summer of 1919, see, Hajdú (1979). For Károlyi's summary of the fateful ultimatum handed over by Vix and the communist takeover see Karolyi (1956), pp. 152–157.
Roosevelt, A History of a Few Weeks (unpublished manuscript), Box 61, Nicholas Roosevelt Papers, 278, 314.
Enclosure, “The Hungarian Revolution,” in Robert Lansing to Woodrow Wilson, Paris, March 27, 1919, in Link (1987), vol. 56, p. 334.
For the full text of the letter of resignation see Hoover (1976), pp. 379–380. The quote is from p. 379.
Ibid., p. 379.
The quotes are from the diary entry for February 8, 1931, Hungary 1930–1933, Box 21, Nicholas Roosevelt Papers.
Nicholas Roosevelt to Mrs. J. West Roosevelt, May 14, 1931, Box 12; Nicholas Roosevelt to Henry L. Stimson, No. 101, May 15, 1931, Box 69, Nicholas Roosevelt Papers.
Herbert Feis to Nicholas Roosevelt, January 27, 1932, Box 5; Joseph C. Grew to Nicholas Roosevelt, July 11, 1932, Box 6, Nicholas Roosevelt Papers.
Work of the Financial Committee during its Forty-sixth Session (June 27–30, 1932), League of Nations Journal (July 1932) pp. 1453–54.
Nicholas Roosevelt to Mrs. J. West Roosevelt, October 11, 1932, Box 12, Nicholas Roosevelt Papers.
Nicholas Roosevelt to Henry L. Stimson, December 5, 1932, 864.00 P.R./60, M 1206, Roll 3, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
Nicholas Roosevelt to Henry L. Stimson, February 8, 1933, 864.00 P.R./62, Ibid.
Nicholas Roosevelt to Mrs. J. West Roosevelt, April 14, 1933, ibid.