View More View Less
  • 1 EHESS/CRLAO, Paris 54 Bd Raspail 75006 Paris, France
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $624.00

In this article I am surveying several possible loanwords from Koreanic languages (probably Koguryǒ and/or Bo-hai) into the Khitan language. Apart from explaining the origin of some of the Khitan words that have no Mongolic, other Central Asian, or Chinese etymologies, I will demonstrate that these loanwords can shed light on the decipherment of Khitan characters with unknown readings, and therefore advance the reconstruction and reading of the Khitan language itself.

  • Beckwith, C. I. (2004): Koguryo: The Language of Japan’s Continental Relatives. Leiden-Boston, Brill.

  • ChinggelteiLiu F.Chen N.Yu B.Xing X. (1985): Qidan xiao zi yanjiu. Beijing, Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.

  • Ji, S. (1991): Mei lin wen jing. Shenyang, Liaoning minzu chubanshe.

  • Kane, D. (2009): The Kitan Language and Script. Leiden — Boston, Brill.

  • Kang, S. (1991): Kyeylim yusa “Kolye pangen” yenkwu. Seoul, Sengkyukwan tayhakkyo chwulphanpu.

  • Pulleyblank, E. G. (1991): Lexicon of Reconstructed Pronunciation in Early Middle Chinese, Late Middle Chinese, and Early Mandarin. Vancouver, University of British Columbia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schuessler, A. (2009): Minimal Old Chinese and Later Han Chinese. Honolulu, University of Hawai’i Press.

  • Stimson, H. M. (1966): The Jongyuan In Yunn. New Haven, Yale University Far Eastern Publications.

  • Vovin, A. (2003): Once Again on Lenition in Middle Korean. Korean Studies Vol. 27, pp. 85107.

  • Vovin, A. (2005): Koguryǒ and Paekche: Different Languages or Dialects of Old Korean? Journal of Inner and East Asian Studies Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 107140.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vovin, A. (2013): Old Turkic Loanwords in the Khitan Language. In: Şirin, U. H.Gül, B. (eds): Yalɪm Kaya Bitigi. Osman Fikri Setkaya Armağanı. Ankara, Türk Kültürünü Araştɪrma Enstitüsü, pp. 621625.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wittfogel, K. A.Fêng, C.-S. (1949): History of Chinese Society. Liao (907–1125). Philadelphia, The American Philosophical Society.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Wu, Y.Janhunen, J. (2010): New Materials on the Khitan Small Script. Folkestone, Global Oriental.