Author:
Gábor Tolcsvai NagyEötvös Loránd University Department of Hungarian Linguistics Múzeum krt. 4/a H-1088 Budapest Hungary

Search for other papers by Gábor Tolcsvai Nagy in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Full access

This paper gives a descriptive overview of the prototypical Hungarian auxiliary+infinitive construction, discussed in the framework of functional cognitive grammar worked out by Ronald Langacker and in the grammaticalization theory for auxiliaries by Bernd Heine. The degree of grammaticalization seems to have a greater role in the construction than suggested in the previous literature, while Langacker’s theory (fit for English) needs some modification. In the construction discussed here, the auxiliary profiles a process, and (future) tense or modality. The infinitive accounts for most of the semantic content of the overall event structure. Both component structures contribute equally to the profile of the construction (the composite structure), in a complementary way, in contrast with a prototypical composite structure. I assume that the Hungarian auxiliary serves the function of imposing temporality on a nontemporal infinitive, and also that of the grounding predication, which marks a departure from Langacker’s English model. The Hungarian grounding predication (the auxiliary) and its head (the infinitive) do not belong to the same grammatical class, only the auxiliary+infinitive composite structure construes a process temporally. Also, degrees of subjectification contribute to types of construal, yielding a dimension of variation that cannot be derived from the deontic/epistemic distinction. Just like the semantic functions of the auxiliaries, subjectification and grounding show gradual characteristics.

  • Anderson, Gregory D. S. 2006. Auxiliary verb constructions. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

    Anderson G. D. S. , '', in Auxiliary verb constructions , (2006 ) -.

  • Athanasiadou, Angeliki —Costas Canakis — Bert Cornillie (eds) 2006. Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York.

    '', in Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity , (2006 ) -.

  • Barlow, Michael — Suzanne Kemmer 2000. Introduction: A usage-based conception of language. In: Michael Barlow— Suzanne Kemmer (eds): Usage-based models of language, vii–xxviii. CSLI Publications, Stanford.

    Kemmer S. , '', in Usage-based models of language , (2000 ) -.

  • Benkő, Loránd (ed.) 1967. A magyar nyelv történeti-etimológiai szótára I [Etymological-historical dictionary of the Hungarian language 1]. Akadémiai Kiadó.

  • Benkő, Loránd (ed.) 1970. A magyar nyelv történeti-etimológiai szótára II [Etymological-historical dictionary of the Hungarian language 2]. Akadémiai Kiadó.

  • Benkő, Loránd (ed.) 1976. A magyar nyelv történeti-etimológiai szótára III [Etymological-historical dictionary of the Hungarian language 3]. Akadémiai Kiadó.

  • Bybee, Joan L. 1985. Morphology. A study of the relation between meaning and form. John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia.

    Bybee J. L. , '', in Morphology. A study of the relation between meaning and form , (1985 ) -.

  • É. Kiss, Katalin 2002. The syntax of Hungarian. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    É. Kiss K. , '', in The syntax of Hungarian , (2002 ) -.

  • É. Kiss, Katalin 2004. Parallel strategies of verbal complex formation in Hungarian and West-Germanic? In: Katalin É. Kiss — Henk van Riemsdijk (eds): Verb clusters. A Study of Hungarian, German and Dutch, 335–358. John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia.

    É. Kiss K. , '', in Verb clusters. A Study of Hungarian, German and Dutch , (2004 ) -.

  • Geeraerts, Dirk —Hubert Cuyckens (eds) 2007. The Oxford handbook of cognitive linguistics. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

    '', in The Oxford handbook of cognitive linguistics , (2007 ) -.

  • Goossens, Louis 1996. English modals and functional models: A confrontation (Antwerp Papers in Linguistics 86). University of Antwerp.

  • Gundersen, Helge 2001. Building blocks or network relations: Problems of morphological segmentation. In: Hanne Gram Simonsen — Rolf Theil Endresen (eds): A cognitive approach to the verb: Morphological and constructional perspectives, 95–127. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York.

    Gundersen H. , '', in A cognitive approach to the verb: Morphological and constructional perspectives , (2001 ) -.

  • Heine, Bernd 1993. Auxiliaries. Cognitive forces and grammaticalization. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

    Heine B. , '', in Auxiliaries. Cognitive forces and grammaticalization , (1993 ) -.

  • Hopper, Paul — Sandra A. Thompson 1985. The iconicity of the universal categories “noun” and “verb”. In: John Haiman (ed.): Iconicity in syntax. Proceedings of Symposium on Iconicity in Syntax, Stanford, June 24–26, 1983, 151–83. John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia.

    Thompson S. A. , '', in Iconicity in syntax. Proceedings of Symposium on Iconicity in Syntax, Stanford, June 24–26, 1983 , (1985 ) -.

  • Kálmán C., György — László Kálmán — Ádám Nádasdy — Gábor Prószéky 1986. Hocus, focus, and verb types in Hungarian infinitive. In: Werner Abraham — Sjaak deMeij (eds): Topic, focus, and configurationality, 129–42. John Benjamins, Amsterdam.

    Prószéky G. , '', in Topic, focus, and configurationality , (1986 ) -.

  • Keszler, Borbála (ed.) 2000. Magyar grammatika [Hungarian grammar]. Budapest, Nemzeti Tankönyvkiadó

    '', in Magyar grammatika , (2000 ) -.

  • Langacker, Ronald W. 1987. Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol. 1: Theoretical prerequisites. Stanford University Press, Stanford.

    Langacker R. W. , '', in Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol. 1: Theoretical prerequisites , (1987 ) -.

  • Langacker, Ronald W. 1991. Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol. 2: Descriptive application. Stanford University Press, Stanford.

    Langacker R. W. , '', in Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol. 2: Descriptive application , (1991 ) -.

  • Langacker, Ronald W. 2006. Subjectification, grammaticization, and conceptual archetypes. In: Bert Cornillie (eds) 2006. Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York Athanasiadou et al. (2006, 17–40).

    Langacker R. W. , '', in Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity , (2006 ) -.

  • Modrián-Horváth, Bernadett 2009. Gesichtspunkte zu einer funktionalen Typologie der ungarischen Infinitiv regierenden Hilfsverben. In: Acta Linguistica Hungarica 56:326–341.

    Modrián-Horváth B. , 'Gesichtspunkte zu einer funktionalen Typologie der ungarischen Infinitiv regierenden Hilfsverben ' (2009 ) 56 Acta Linguistica Hungarica : 326 -341 .

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mortelmans, Tania 2006. Langacker’s ’subjectification’ and ‘grounding’: A more gradual view. In: Bert Cornillie (eds) 2006. Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York Athanasiadou et al. (2006, 151–175).

    Mortelmans T. , '', in Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity , (2006 ) -.

  • Pelyvás, Péter 1998. A magyar segédigék és kognitív predikátumok episztemikus lehorgonyzó Szerepéről [Epistemic grounding functions of Hungarian auxiliaries and cognitive predicates]. In: László Büky — Márta Maleczki (eds): A mai magyar nyelv leírásának újabb módszerei III [Recent methods in the description of Contemporary Hungarian 3], 117–32. JATEPress, Szeged.

    Pelyvás P. , '', in A mai magyar nyelv leírásának újabb módszerei III , (1998 ) -.

  • Pelyvás, Péter 2006. Subjectification in (expressions of) epistemic modality. In: Bert Cornillie (eds) 2006. Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York Athanasiadou et al. (2006, 121–150).

    Pelyvás P. , '', in Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity , (2006 ) -.

  • Talmy, Leonard 2000. Toward a cognitive semantics. Vol. 1: Concept structuring systems. MIT Press, Cambridge MA.

    Talmy L. , '', in Toward a cognitive semantics. Vol. 1: Concept structuring systems , (2000 ) -.

  • Collapse
  • Expand

The author instruction is available in PDF.

Please, download the file from HERE

Editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Katalin É. Kiss,
Ferenc Kiefer

Editor: Éva Dékány

Technical Editor: Zoltán G. Kiss

Review Editor: Beáta Gyuris

Editorial Board

  • Anne Abeillé
  • Željko Bošković
  • Marcel den Dikken
  • Hans-Martin Gärtner
  • Elly van Gelderen
  • Anders Holmberg
  • Katarzyna Jaszczolt
  • István Kenesei
  • Anikó Lipták
  • Katalin Mády
  • Gereon Müller
  • Csaba Pléh
  • Giampaolo Salvi
  • Irina Sekerina
  • Péter Siptár
  • Gregory Stump
  • Peter Svenonius
  • Anne Tamm
  • Akira Watanabe
  • Jeroen van de Weijer

Acta Linguistica Academica
Address: Benczúr u. 33. HU–1068 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (+36 1) 351 0413; (+36 1) 321 4830 ext. 154
Fax: (36 1) 322 9297
E-mail: ala@nytud.mta.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Arts and Humanities Citation Index
  • Bibliographie Linguistique/Linguistic Bibliography
  • International Bibliographies IBZ and IBR
  • Linguistics Abstracts
  • Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstracts
  • MLA International Bibliography
  • SCOPUS
  • Social Science Citation Index
  • LinguisList

 

Acta Linguistica Hungarica
Language English
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1951
Publication
Programme
changed title
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia  
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1216-8076 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2624 (Online)