View More View Less
  • 1 Eötvös Loránd University Department of Hungarian Linguistics Múzeum krt. 4/A H-1088 Budapest Hungary
Full access

This paper discusses epistemic modal adverbs in Hungarian from a functional perspective. It argues that epistemic modal adverbs indicate several operations that are closely interconnected: on the one hand, they indicate the fact that the speaker presents the event represented in the sentence as a possibility rather than as a fact (thereby opening the dimension of epistemic modality for its interpretation); on the other hand, they signal that the evaluation of likelihood comes from the speaker, that the specification of the degree of probability of the given event is based on the speaker’s inference (setting the domain of evidentiality into motion). Both of these functions can be interpreted as part of the operation of subjectification, identifying the speaker as the subject of consciousness. The author assumes that Hungarian exhibits a modalized system of representing evidence; she takes epistemic modality and evidentiality to be partially overlapping domains.The paper gives an overview of inferential-epistemic modal adverbs in Hungarian. In a corpus-based analysis of the lexeme talán ‘perhaps’, it discusses its inferential-epistemic functions, as well as the paths of leaving the modal domain.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Aikhenvald, Alexandra 2004. Evidentiality. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

    Aikhenvald A. , '', in Evidentiality , (2004 ) -.

  • Anderson, Lloyd B. 1986. Evidentials, paths of change, and mental maps: Typologically regular asymmetries. In: Wallace Chafe — Johanna Nichols (eds): Evidentiality: The linguistic coding of epistemology, 273–312. Ablex, Norwood NJ.

    Anderson L. B. , '', in Evidentiality: The linguistic coding of epistemology , (1986 ) -.

  • Auwera, Johan van der — Vladimir A. Plungian 1998. Modality’s semantic map. In: Linguistic Typology 2: 79–124.

    Plungian V. A. , 'Modality’s semantic map ' (1998 ) 2 Linguistic Typology : 79 -124.

  • Biber, Douglas — Edward Finegan 1989. Styles of stance in English: Lexical and grammatical marking of evidentiality and affect. In: Text 9: 93–124.

    Finegan E. , 'Styles of stance in English: Lexical and grammatical marking of evidentiality and affect ' (1989 ) 9 Text : 93 -124.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Biber, Douglas — Stig Johansson — Geoffrey Leech — Susan Conrad — Eduard Finegan 1999. Longman grammar of spoken and written English. Pearson Education, Harlow.

    Finegan E. , '', in Longman grammar of spoken and written English , (1999 ) -.

  • Bybee, Joan L. 1985. Morphology. A study of the relation between meaning and form. John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia.

    Bybee J. L. , '', in Morphology. A study of the relation between meaning and form , (1985 ) -.

  • Bybee, Joan L. — Revere Perkins — William Pagliuca 1994. The evolution of grammar. Tense, aspect and modality in the languages of the world. Chicago University Press, Chicago & London.

    Pagliuca W. , '', in The evolution of grammar. Tense, aspect and modality in the languages of the world , (1994 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cornillie, Bert 2009. Evidentiality and epistemic modality. On the close relationship between two different categories. In: Functions of Language 44: 44–62.

    Cornillie B. , 'Evidentiality and epistemic modality. On the close relationship between two different categories ' (2009 ) 44 Functions of Language : 44 -62.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Croft, William 1994. Speech act classification, language typology and cognition. In: Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.): Foundations of speech act theory: Philosophical and linguistic perspectives, 460–477. Routledge, London & New York.

    Croft W. , '', in Foundations of speech act theory: Philosophical and linguistic perspectives , (1994 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Doherty, Monika 1988. Perhaps. In: Ewald Lang (ed.): Studien zum Satzmodus I. (Linguistische Studien A/177), 59–76. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin.

    Doherty M. , '', in Studien zum Satzmodus I , (1988 ) -.

  • Dressler, Wolfgang U. 1995. Wealth and poverty of functional analyses, with special reference to functional deficiencies. In: Sharon Millar — Jacob Mey (eds): Form and function in language, 11–39. Odense University Press, Odense.

    Dressler W. U. , '', in Form and function in language , (1995 ) -.

  • Givón, Talmy 1982. Evidentiality and epistemic space. In: Studies in Language 6: 23–49.

    Givón T. , 'Evidentiality and epistemic space ' (1982 ) 6 Studies in Language : 23 -49.

  • Goffman, Erving 1959. The presentation of self in everyday life. Doubleday, New York.

    Goffman E. , '', in The presentation of self in everyday life , (1959 ) -.

  • Grice, H. Paul 1975. Logic and conversation. In: Peter Cole — Jerry L. Morgan (eds): Syntax and semantics, vol. 3: Speech acts, 41–58. Academic Press, New York.

    Grice H. P. , '', in Syntax and semantics, vol. 3: Speech acts , (1975 ) -.

  • Haviland, John B. 1989. ’sure, sure’: Evidence and affect. In: Text 9: 27–68.

    Haviland J. B. , 'sure, sure’: Evidence and affect ' (1989 ) 9 Text : 27 -68.

  • Helbig, Gerhard 1988. Lexikon deutscher Partikeln. VEB Verlag, Leipzig.

    Helbig G. , '', in Lexikon deutscher Partikeln , (1988 ) -.

  • Imrényi, András 2009. Toward a unified functional account of structural focus and negation in Hungarian. In: Acta Linguistica Hungarica 56: 341–374.

    Imrényi A. , 'Toward a unified functional account of structural focus and negation in Hungarian ' (2009 ) 56 Acta Linguistica Hungarica : 341 -374.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kiefer, Ferenc 1988. Modal particles as discourse markers in questions. In: Acta Linguistica Hungarica 38: 107–125.

    Kiefer F. , 'Modal particles as discourse markers in questions ' (1988 ) 38 Acta Linguistica Hungarica : 107 -125.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kiefer, Ferenc 2000. Jelentéselmélet [Semantic theory]. Corvina, Budapest.

    Kiefer F. , '', in Jelentéselmélet , (2000 ) -.

  • Kiefer, Ferenc 2005. Lehetőség és szükségszerűség. Tanulmányok a nyelvi modalitás köréből [Possibility and necessity. Studies in the domain of linguistic modality]. Tinta Könyvkiadó, Budapest.

    Kiefer F. , '', in Lehetőség és szükségszerűség. Tanulmányok a nyelvi modalitás köréből , (2005 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kratzer, Angelika 1991. Modality. In: Arnim von Stechow — Dieter Wunderlich (eds): Semantik/Semantics. Ein internationales Handbuch der zeitgenössischen Forschung, 639–650. de Gruyter, Berlin.

    Kratzer A. , '', in Semantik/Semantics. Ein internationales Handbuch der zeitgenössischen Forschung , (1991 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kugler, Nóra 2002. A módosítószók a magyar nyelv szófaji rendszerében [Modal adverbs as a word class in Hungarian]. Osiris, Budapest.

    Kugler N. , '', in A módosítószók a magyar nyelv szófaji rendszerében , (2002 ) -.

  • Kugler, Nóra 2003. A módosítószók funkciói [The functions of modal adverbs] (Nyelvtudományi Értekezések 152). Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.

    Kugler N. , '', in A módosítószók funkciói , (2003 ) -.

  • Ladányi, Mária 1998. Jelentésváltozás és grammatikalizáció — kognitív és szervés nyelveszeti keretben [Semantic change and grammaticalization — A cognitive and organic linguistic approach]. In: Magyar Nyelv 98: 407–423.

    Ladányi M. , 'Jelentésváltozás és grammatikalizáció — kognitív és szervés nyelveszeti keretben ' (1998 ) 98 Magyar Nyelv : 407 -423.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Langacker, Ronald W. 1990. Subjectification. In: Cognitive Linguistics 1: 5–38.

    Langacker R. W. , 'Subjectification ' (1990 ) 1 Cognitive Linguistics : 5 -38.

  • Langacker, Ronald W. 2006. Subjectification, grammaticization, and conceptual archetypes. In: Angeliki Athanasiadou — Costas Canakis — Bert Cornillie (eds): Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity, 17–40. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin & New York.

    Langacker R. W. , '', in Subjectification. Various paths to subjectivity , (2006 ) -.

  • Leech, Geoffrey N. 1983. Principles of pragmatics. Longman, Harlow.

    Leech G. N. , '', in Principles of pragmatics , (1983 ) -.

  • Levinson, Stephen C. 1983. Pragmatics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Levinson S. C. , '', in Pragmatics , (1983 ) -.

  • Nuyts, Jan 2001. Epistemic modality, language, and conceptualization. John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia.

    Nuyts J. , '', in Epistemic modality, language, and conceptualization , (2001 ) -.

  • Palmer, Frank R. 1986. Mood and modality. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Palmer F. R. , '', in Mood and modality , (1986 ) -.

  • Pelyvás, Péter 1998. A magyar segédigék és kognitív predikátumok episztemikus lehorgonyzó szerepéről [Epistemic grounding functions of Hungarian auxiliaries and cognitive predicates]. In: László Büky — Márta Maleczki (eds): A mai magyar nyelv leírásának újabb módszerei III [Recent methods in the description of Contemporary Hungarian 3], 117–132. JATEPress, Szeged.

    Pelyvás P. , '', in A mai magyar nyelv leírásának újabb módszerei III , (1998 ) -.

  • Plungian, Vladimir A. 2001. The place of evidentiality within the universal grammatical space. In: Journal of Pragmatics 33: 349–357.

    Plungian V. A. , 'The place of evidentiality within the universal grammatical space ' (2001 ) 33 Journal of Pragmatics : 349 -357.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Saeed, John I. 1997. Semantics. Blackwell, Oxford & Malden MA.

    Saeed J. I. , '', in Semantics , (1997 ) -.

  • Sanders, José — Wilbert Spooren 1997. Perspective, subjectivity, and modality from a cognitive linguistic point of view. In: Wolf-Andreas Liebert — Gisela Redeker — Linda Waugh (eds): Discourse and perspective in cognitive linguistics, 85–112. John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia.

    Spooren W. , '', in Discourse and perspective in cognitive linguistics , (1997 ) -.

  • Szili, Katalin 2004. Tetté vált szavak [Words turned acts]. Tinta Könyvkiadó, Budapest.

    Szili K. , '', in Tetté vált szavak , (2004 ) -.

  • Tolcsvai Nagy, Gábor 2001. A magyar nyelv szövegtana [The text linguistics of Hungarian]. Nemzeti Tankönyvkiadó, Budapest.

    Tolcsvai Nagy G. , '', in A magyar nyelv szövegtana , (2001 ) -.

  • Traugott, Elizabeth Closs 1995. Subjectification in grammaticalisation. In: Dieter Stein — Susan Wright (eds): Subjectivity and subjectification, 31–54. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Traugott E. C. , '', in Subjectivity and subjectification , (1995 ) -.

  • Willett, Thomas 1988. A cross-linguistic survey of the grammaticalization of evidentiality. In: Studies in Language 12: 51–97.

    Willett T. , 'A cross-linguistic survey of the grammaticalization of evidentiality ' (1988 ) 12 Studies in Language : 51 -97.

    • Search Google Scholar

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
May 2020 0 2 0
Jun 2020 0 3 0
Jul 2020 2 0 0
Aug 2020 1 3 0
Sep 2020 0 2 0
Oct 2020 0 1 2
Nov 2020 0 0 0