View More View Less
  • 1 Université de Nice Faculté des Lettres; Laboratoire BCL 98, Bd Herriot B.P. 3209 F-06204 Nice France

In Kabyle Berber there are two types of plural: one is internal and the other is external. The internal plural is characterized by the fact that the quality of the vowels changes, whereby the last vowel is always A, e.g., azarәz ‘cord’ → izuraz ‘cords’. The external plural involves the suffixation of -n, e.g., iθβir ‘pigeon’ → iθβir-n ‘pigeons’. Kabyle plural presents some melodic items which are not present in the singular form (e.g., iðmәr ‘chest’ → iðmar-n ‘chests’, iðw ‘horn’ → iәiw-n ‘horns’, amәçsa ‘shepherd’ → imәçsaw-n ‘shepherds’). Since they cannot be predicted, these items must be a piece of the root’s lexical properties. For reasons to be determined, they do not appear in singular forms. It is shown that when a root of the external plural class bears an A that is not visible in the singular, this A is promoted to the surface in the plural form at any cost, i.e., even if damage on other items of the root is caused. As a consequence of the appearance of the A, the gemination of a consonant or the expression of a vowel may be suspended, e.g., azәqqur ‘log’ → izәγran ‘logs’. Yet, this A cannot be considered as a plural marker since it may well be absent from external plurals, e.g., argaz ‘man’ → irgaz-n ‘men’. Rather, it is an idiosyncratic property of the root, and the plural morpheme contains an explicit instruction for it to appear on the surface, involving, as it will be shown, a branching phenomenon. Thus, part of the plural morpheme consists in an instruction for a specific melodic item to branch.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Basset, André 1945. Sur la voyelle initiale en berbère. In: Revue Africaine 86: 82–88.

    Basset A. , 'Sur la voyelle initiale en berbère ' (1945 ) 86 Revue Africaine : 82 -88.

  • Ben Si Saïd, Samir 2009. La formation du pluriel en kabyle. Mémoire de master 2, Université de Nice.

  • Bendjaballah, Sabrina 1995. Aspect du système verbal berbère (kabyle). Mémoire de DEA, Université de Paris 7.

  • Bendjaballah, Sabrina 1999. Trois figures de la structure interne des gabarits: activité morphologique du niveau squelettal des représentations phonologiques en berbère, somali et béja. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Paris 7.

  • Chaker, Salem 1983. Un parler berbère d’algérie (syntaxe). Publications de l’Université de Provence, Aix-en-Provence.

    Chaker S. , '', in Un parler berbère d’algérie (syntaxe) , (1983 ) -.

  • Chaker, Salem 1998. Genre grammatical (masculin/féminin). In: Encyclopédie Berbère 20: 3042–3045.

    Chaker S. , 'Genre grammatical (masculin/féminin) ' (1998 ) 20 Encyclopédie Berbère : 3042 -3045.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Guerssel, Mohamed — Jean Lowenstamm 1990. The derivational morphology of the Classical Arabic verb. Ms. Université Paris 7 & UQAM.

  • Kossmann, Maarten G. 1995. Le schwa en berbère. In: Journal of Africain Languages and Linguistics 16: 71–82.

    Kossmann M. G. , 'Le schwa en berbère ' (1995 ) 16 Journal of Africain Languages and Linguistics : 71 -82.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lowenstamm, Jean 1991. Vocalic length and syllable structure in Semitic. In: Alain S. Kaye (ed.): Semitic studies in honor of Wolf Leslau on the occasion of his 85th birthday, 949–965. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden.

    Lowenstamm J. , '', in Semitic studies in honor of Wolf Leslau on the occasion of his 85th birthday , (1991 ) -.

  • Lowenstamm, Jean 2003. A propos des gabarits. In: Recherches Linguistiques de Vincennes 32: 7–30.

    Lowenstamm J. , 'A propos des gabarits ' (2003 ) 32 Recherches Linguistiques de Vincennes : 7 -30.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • McCarthy, John J. 1979. Formal problems in Semitic phonology and morphology. Doctoral dissertation, MIT.

  • McCarthy, John J. — Alan S. Prince 1999. Prosodic morphology. In: John A. Goldsmith (ed.): Phonological theory. The essential readings, 238–288. Blackwell, Malden MA & Oxford.

    Prince A. S. , '', in Phonological theory. The essential readings , (1999 ) -.