View More View Less
  • 1 Pázmány Péter Catholic University
Full access

This paper offers a comprehensive analysis of the inflectional morphology of Latin in terms of the patterns of allomorphy and the environments governing the distribution of allomorphs. It is demonstrated that all the attested allomorphic alternations can be described as functions of a vocalic scale, practically the sonority scale of vowels plus the undifferentiated class of consonants as the least sonorous extreme. The distribution of allomorphs along the vocalic scale crucially displays the property of contiguity, i.e., the subsections of the scale that trigger one particular allomorph are uninterrupted.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anttila, Arto. 1997. Deriving variation from grammar. In F. Hinskens, R. van Hout and W. Wetzels (eds.) Variation, change and phonological theory. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 3568.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Aronoff, Mark. 1994. Morphology by itself. Stems and inflectional classes. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

  • Baldi, Philip. 2002. The foundations of Latin. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

  • Castillo Herrera, Marina del. 2009. Las formas de perfecto de indicativo en -iit en la versificación latina: ¿una cuestión métrica o una cuestión morfológica? Cuadernos de Filología Clásica. Estudios Latinos 29. 520.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Clackson, James. 2007. Indo-European linguistics. An introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Clackson, James and Geoffrey Horrocks. 2007. The Blackwell history of the Latin language. Malden, MA & Oxford: Blackwell.

  • CLCLT 5. 2002. Library of Latin Texts by Brepols Publishers, Release 2002.

  • Cser, András. 2009. The phonotactics of Classical Latin consonants. Habilitation dissertation. Pázmány Péter Catholic University.

  • Cser, András. 2012. The role of sonority in the phonology of Latin. In Parker (2012, 3963).

  • De Lacy, Paul. 2006. Markedness: Reduction and preservation in phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Emonds, Joseph and Philip Spaelti. 2005. Fully distributing morphology: The phonology and syntax of Latin case inflections. Theoretical and Applied Linguistics at Kobe Shoin 8. 120.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gordon, Matthew 2006. Syllable weight. London: Routledge.

  • Gordon, Matthew, Edita Ghushchyan, Bradley McDonnell, Daisy Rosenblum and Patricia A. Shaw. 2012. Sonority and central vowels: A cross-linguistic phonetic study. In Parker (2012, 219256).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Juret, A.-C. 1913. Dominance et résistance dans la phonétique latine. Heidelberg: Carl Winter.

  • Kenstowicz, Michael. 1997. Quality-sensitive stress. Rivista di Linguistica 9. 157188.

  • Leumann, Manu. 1977. Lateinische Laut- und Formenlehre. München: Beck.

  • Matthews, Peter H. 1974. Morphology: An introduction to the theory of word structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Meiser, Gerhard. 1998. Historische Laut- und Formenlehre der lateinischen Sprache. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

  • Meiser, Gerhard. 2003. Veni vidi vici. Die Vorgeschichte des lateinischen Perfektsystems. München: Beck.

  • Miller, Brett. 2012. Sonority and the larynx. In Parker (2012, 257288).

  • Moralejo, José-Luis. 1991. Vocalis ante vocalem: Corripitur an distrahitur? In R. Coleman (ed.) New studies in Latin linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 3545.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nevins, Andrew. 2011. Phonologically conditioned allomorph selection. In M. van Oostendorp, C. Ewen, E. Hume and K. Rice (eds.) The Blackwell companion to phonology. Malden, MA & Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. 23572382.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Parker, Stephen George. 2002. Quantifying the sonority hierarchy. Doctoral dissertation. University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

  • Parker, Steve (ed.). 2012. The sonority controversy. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.

  • Sen, Ranjan. 2012. Reconstructing phonological change: Duration and syllable structure in Latin vowel reduction. Phonology 29. 465504.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sen, Ranjan. 2014. Inverse compensatory lengthening in Latin: Weight preservation or phonologisation? Paper presented at the Symposium on Historical Phonology, Edinburgh, 13–14 January 2014.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shackleton Bailey , David R. (ed.). 1997. Marcus Annaeus Lucanus De Bello Civili libri X. Stuttgart: Teubner.

  • Sihler, Andrew. 1995. New comparative grammar of Greek and Latin. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Spaelti, Philip. 2004. Some phonological and morphological patterns in the Latin noun declension system. Theoretical and Applied Linguistics at Kobe Shoin 7. 131137.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Steriade, Donca. submitted. The cycle without containment: Latin perfect stems. Submitted to Language.

  • Touratier, Christian. 2005. Système des consonnes. In C. Touratier (ed.) Essais de phonologie latine. Aix-en-Provence: Université de Provence. 61134.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vaan, Michiel de. 2008. Etymological dictionary of Latin and the other Italic languages. Leiden: Brill.

  • Weiss, Michael. 2009. Outline of the historical and comparative grammar of Latin. Ann Arbor, MI: Beech Stave Press.