Lena Baunaz Ghent University/FWO

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Building on an experimental study, I show that homophonous wh-phrases like qui ‘who’ in French correlate with prosodic differences when specificity and partitivity come into play, something not found with bare Universal Quantifiers like chacun ‘each’ and tous ‘all’. Rather than homophony I claim that these wh-phrases are syncretic. I show that (a) wh-phrases and bare Universal Quantifiers are complex phrases, lexicalizing structures of different sizes; (b) partitivity and specificity are syntactic features. This last claim is supported by intervention effects: the interventions observed with negative and scope islands with wh-phrases in-situ are accounted for in terms of a feature-based Relativized Minimality (Starke 2001; Rizzi 2004).

  • Adli, Aria . 2006. French wh-in-situ questions and syntactic optionality: Evidence from three data types. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 25. 163203.

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  • Baunaz, Lena . 2005. The syntax and semantics of wh in-situ and existentials: The case of French. Leiden Working Papers in Linguistics 2. 127.

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  • Baunaz, Lena . 2008. Floating quantifiers: French universal quantifiers and N-words. Rivista di Grammatica Generativa 33. 2542.

  • Baunaz, Lena . 2011. The grammar of French quantification. Heidelberg: Springer.

  • Baunaz, Lena . 2015. On the various sizes of complementizers. Probus 27. 193236.

  • Baunaz, Lena and Eric Lander. submitteda. The basics of Nanosyntax.

  • Baunaz, Lena and Eric Lander. submittedb. Syncretisms with nominal complementizers.

  • Baunaz, Lena and Cédric Patin. 2011. Prosody refers to semantic factors: Evidence from French wh-words. In E. Delais-Roussarie and H.-Y. Yoo (eds.) Actes d’IDP 2009, Paris, 9–11 septembr. 2009. Paris: Université Paris 7. 93107.

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  • Baunaz, Lena and Cédric Patin. 2012. Quand la prosodie et la sémantique vont de pair, le cas des mots-qu en français. In L. de Saussure and A. Rihs (eds.) Etudes de sémantique et pragmatique françaises. Berne: Lang. 357378.

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  • Beghelli, Filippo and Tim Stowell. 1997. Distributivity and negation: The syntax of EACH and EVERY. In A. Szabolcsi (ed.) Ways of scope taking (SLAP 65). Dordrecht: Kluwer. 349408.

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  • Beyssade, Claire, Elisabeth Delais-Roussarie, Jenny Doetjes, Jean-Marie Marandin and Anne Rialland. 2004. Prosody and information in French. In F. Corblin and H. de Swart (eds.) Handbook of French semantics. Stanford: CSLI. 477499.

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  • Boeckx, Cédric . 1999. Decomposing french Questions. In J. Alexander, N. Han and M. M. Fox (eds.) University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 6.1, Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Penn Linguistics Colloquium. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. 6980.

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  • Boeckx, Cédric . 2003. French wh-in-situ interrogatives as (c)overt clefts. Ms. Harvard University.

  • Boškovic, Željko . 2000. Second position cliticization: Syntax and/or phonology? In F. Beukema and M. den Dikken (eds.) Clitic phenomena in European languages. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 77119.

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  • Cinque, Guglielmo and Luigi Rizzi. 2010. The cartography of syntactic structures. In B. Heine and H. Narrog (eds.) The Oxford handbook of linguistic analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 5165.

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  • Déprez, Viviane, Kristen Syrett and Shigeto Kawahara. 2012. Interfacing information and prosody: French in situ questions. In I. Franco, S. Lusini and A. Saab (eds.) Romance languages and linguistic theor. 2010. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 135154.

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  • Déprez, Viviane, Kristen Syrett and Shigeto Kawahara. 2013. The interaction of syntax, prosody, and discourse in licensing French wh-in-situ questions. Lingua 124. 419.

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  • Horn, Laurence . 1997. All John’s children are as bald as the King of France: Existential import and the geometry of opposition. Pepers from the Regional Meetings of the Chicago Linguistics Society 33. 155179.

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  • Puskás, Genoveva . 2002. Floating quantifiers: What they can tell us about the syntax and semantics of quantifiers. GG@G 3. 105128.

  • Rizzi, Luigi . 2004. Locality and left periphery. In A. Belletti (ed.) Structures and beyond: The cartography of syntactic structures 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 223251.

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  • Rizzi, Luigi . 2013. Syntactic cartography and the syntacticisation of scope-discourse semantics. In A. Reboul (ed.) Mind, values and metaphysics: Philosophical papers dedicated to Kevin Mulligan. Springer: Dordrecht. 517533.

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  • Rooryck, Johan . 2000. Configurations of sentential complementation: Perspectives from Romance languages. London: Routledge.

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  • Starke, Michal . 2001. Move dissolves into Merge: A theory of locality. Doctoral dissertation. University of Geneva.

  • Starke, Michal . 2009. Nanosyntax: A short primer to a new approach to language. Nordlyd 36. 26.

  • Starke, Michal . 2011. Towards an elegant solution to language variation: Variation reduces to the size of lexically stored trees. Ms. Barcelona.

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  • Starke, Michal . 2013. Auxiliaries and structural gaps: Current issues in Nanosyntax. Lecture series presented at CRISSP, Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel.

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