Tamás Halm Pázmány Péter Catholic University

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The topic of my paper is the syntax and the quantificational force of free-choice items (FCIs) in Hungarian. FCIs such as any have been at the forefront of research interest in the past decades (e.g., Ladusaw 1979; Kadmon & Landman 1993; Giannakidou 2001). The close interdependence of syntactic, semantic and even pragmatic considerations makes the study of FCIs one of the most interesting research programmes. Earlier investigations of the syntax and semantics of FCIs in Hungarian include Hunyadi (1991; 2002), Abrusán (2007) and Szabó (2012). In my paper, I show that FCIs in Hungarian occupy the syntactic position associated with distributive quantifiers (É. Kiss 2010). Furthermore, I examine the quantificational force of FCIs by the well-known battery of quantification tests (for a previous application for Hungarian, cf. Surányi 2006): almost-modification, modification by exceptive phrase, donkey anaphora, predicative use, is-modification, incorporation and split reading with modals. My findings of mixed quantificational behaviour provide further corroboration for the analysis of FCIs as quantificationally underspecified intensional dependent indefinites.

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  • Aloni, Maria . 2002. Free choice in modal contexts. In M. Weisgerber (ed.) Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 7. Konstanz: Universität Konstanz. 2537.

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  • Bernardi, Raffaela and Anna Szabolcsi. 2008. Optionality, scope and licensing: An application of partially ordered categories. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17. 237283.

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  • É. Kiss, Katalin . 2002. The syntax of Hungarian. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • É. Kiss, Katalin . 2006. The function and the syntax of the verbal particle. In K. É. Kiss (ed.) Event structure and the left periphery. Studies on Hungarian. Dordrecht: Springer. 1655.

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  • É. Kiss, Katalin . 2009. Negative quantifiers in Hungarian. In M. den Dikken and R. M. Vago (eds.) Approaches to Hungarian 11: Papers from the New York conference. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 6594.

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  • É. Kiss, Katalin . 2010. An adjunction analysis of quantifiers and adverbials in the Hungarian sentence. Lingua 120. 506526.

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  • Halm, Tamás . 2013. Free choice and Focus: FCIs in Hungarian. In B. Surányi (ed.) Proceedings of the Second Central European Conference in Linguistics for Postgraduate Students. Budapest: Pázmány Péter Catholic University. 109121.

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  • Halm, Tamás . 2016. The grammar of free-choice items in Hungarian. Doctoral dissertation. Pázmány Péter Catholic University.

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  • Kadmon, Nirit and Fred Landman. 1993. Any. Linguistics and Philosophy 16. 353422.

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  • Menéndez-Benito, Paula . 2010. On universal free choice items. Natural Language Semantics 18. 3364.

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  • Surányi, Balázs . 2002. Negation and the negativity of n-words in Hungarian. In I. Kenesei and P. Siptár (eds.) Approaches to Hungarian 8: Papers from the Budapest conference. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó. 107132.

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  • Surányi, Balázs . 2006. Quantification and focus in negative concord. Lingua 116. 272313.

  • Swart, Henriette de . 1996. Scope ambiguities with negative quantifiers. In K. von Heusinger and U. Egli (eds.) Proceedings of the Workshop on Reference and Anaphoric Relations 1. Konstanz: Universität Konstanz. 145164.

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  • Szabó, Martina . 2012. A bárki nem akárki, avagy a bár- és akár- elemek eltéro nyelvi sajátságai [bárki and akárki are not the same: Grammatical differences of bár- and akár-words]. Paper presented at the Conference of Doctoral Students, University of Szeged, 31 May. 2012.

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  • Szabolcsi, Anna . 2015. What do quantifier particles do? Linguistics and Philosophy 38. 159204.

  • Tóth, Ildikó . 1999. Negative polarity item licensing in Hungarian. Acta Linguistica Hungarica 46. 119142.

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  • Zanuttini, Raffaella . 1991. Syntactic properties of sentential negation: A comparative study of Romance languages. Doctoral dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.

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Acta Linguistica Hungarica
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