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  • a Ministry of the Interior, Ulica grada Vukovara 33, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • b Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Ksaverska cesta 2, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • c Dr. Andrija Štampar Institute of Public Health, Mirogojska St. 16, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • d Teaching Institute of Public Health, Krešimirova 52a, 51 000 Rijeka, Croatia
  • e University of Rijeka, Braće Branchetta 20. 51 000 Rijeka, Croatia
  • f University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Petrova 13, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Phthalates are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that, due to their lipophilicity, migrate more readily into beverages with higher ethanol content. The aim of this work was to study the occurrence of phthalates in samples during the plum spirit production and in the final product, plum spirit manufactured by registered producers from five European countries, using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A decreasing trend of mean values was observed for diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-iso-butyl phthalate (DiBP), and di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) as the distillation process went on. Levels of benzyl-butyl phthalate (BBP) and di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) increased in the distillation phase compared to concentrations in the preceding phases. In commercial plum spirits, DEHP and DiBP were detected in the highest concentrations. Results also indicated that a moderate daily consumption of plum spirit does not pose a health risk regarding the Tolerable Daily Intake of BBP, DEHP, and DBP

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