Instrumental neutron activation analysis was applied to 80 samples from various African countries and 81 samples from the
Kruger National Park in the Republic of South Africa. Twelve elements such as Br, Ca, Cl, Co, Cs, Fe, Mg, Mn, Na, Sc, Sr,
and Zn, were determined in all samples. The factor scores of each sample were calculated from those elemental concentrations
for the first and second factors to clarify the differences of samples from various African countries with those from Kruger
Park. The results were compared with those by stable isotope analysis (13C and15N).