Soil and meadow grass were sampled in the whole territory of Lithuania in 1992–2000. For the laboratory experiment, spring
wheat Triticum aestivum L. “Nandu” was used because its root system type is similar to that of perennial meadow grass. The 137Cs soil-to-plant transfer factor of spring wheat was determined and the results were compared with the predicted values using
a compartment model of soil-to-plant transfer and with the results of the field experiment. The results of comparing the measured
and calculated transfer factor using the model show rather good coincidence, however, the calculated values were overestimated.
The reason for overestimation can be that the uptake rate is not influenced only by the soil-to-plant transfer. The results
of the model experiment (from 0.005 m2·kg−1 to 0.053 m2·kg−1) are close to those of the field measurements for grass (from 0.013 m2·kg−1 in 1992–1995 to 0.10 m2·kg−1 in 1999–2000).