View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Management and Protection Environment, Jan Kochanowski University of Humanities and Sciences in Kielce, Kielce, Poland
  • | 2 Institute of Polymer and Dye Technology, Technical University of Łódź, Lodz, Poland
Open access


The article presents the results of testing thermal properties and combustibility of butadieneacrylonitrile rubber with 18% contents of bounded acrylonitrile, NBR 18. Two types of silica, Zeosil 175C and Ultrasil VN-3, with different specific surfaces were used as filler. Zeosil 175C and Ultrasil VN-3 were modified via cryogenic dezaggregation method. The activity of unmodified and cryogenic modified silica toward butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber were investigated. The sulphur and peroxide vulcanizates contained 20, 30, 40, and 50 phr. of the filler were studied. The article discusses also the test results of thermal stability and flammability of NBR 18 containing silica prepared "in situ" from alkoxysilane precursor. The test results were obtained with the use of derivatograph, measurements of flammability by the method of oxygen index, and in air. The effect of the silica modification on the SEM and AFM was also examined. The method of cryogenic modification enables to achieve increase of mineral fillers activity towards elastomer and reduction in the flammability of NBR 18 vulcanizates. It has been found that the modification of the vulcanizates of NBR 18 with tetraethoxysilane that makes it possible to form silica "in situ" reduces the flammability of cross-linked rubbers.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 2.731
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.415
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 87
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Impact Factor (2018): 2.471
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.634
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 78
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Condensed Matter Physics
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer.

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
per Year
per Year
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)