In this paper we investigate — at a country level — the relationship between the science intensity of patents and technological
productivity, taking into account differences in terms of scientific productivity. The number of non patent references in
patents is considered as an approximation of the science intensity of technology whereas a country’s technological and scientific
performance is measured in terms of productivity (i.e., number of patents and publications per capita). We use USPTO patent-data
pertaining to biotechnology for 20 countries covering the time period 1992–1999. Our findings reveal mutual positive relationships
between scientific and technological productivity for the respective countries involved. At the same time technological productivity
is associated positively with the science intensity of patients. These results are confirmed when introducing time effects.
These observations corroborate the construct validity of science intensity as a distinctive indicator and suggest its usefulness
for assessing science and technology dynamics.