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Dániel Necz Pázmány Péter Katolikus Egyetem, Jog- és Államtudományi Kar [Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences] Budapest Hungary

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Összefoglalás. A tanulmány célja a mesterséges intelligencia (MI) belügyi és biztonsági célú alkalmazásának bemutatása, különös figyelemmel az arcfelismerő rendszerek és egyéb MI alapú megoldások rendvédelmi, nemzetbiztonsági, valamint önkormányzati és vízgazdálkodási területen való alkalmazásának lehetőségeire, adatvédelmi és kibervédelmi szempontjaira. A tanulmány ennek kapcsán mind az irányadó magyar és európai uniós előírásokat és célkitűzéseket, mind az MI-re irányadó hatósági gyakorlatot számba veszi és ismerteti, valamint ezek tanulságait összefoglalja és kiértékeli az egyes MI alapú megoldások sajátosságainak figyelembevételével.

Summary. The purpose of the study is to take a closer look on the application of artificial intelligence (AI) concerning internal affairs and for security purposes, with a key focus on facial recognition systems and other solutions used by law enforcement and national security agencies to answer new challenges posed by cybercrime and criminal networks spreading through the cyberspace. In the light of the above, the study further takes into account the risks associated with the usage of AI solutions concerning internal affairs and for security purposes and tries to find possible measures to minimize them.

Bearing this in mind, the study highlights the key relevant Hungarian and European Union requirements and goals, including the approach of the European Union concerning biometric identification and the Hungarian AI Strategy’s vision on the usage of AI based solutions for administrative, law enforcement, defense and military national security purposes.

The study further analyzes the practical aspects of the usage of AI solutions by law enforcement agencies and the key aspects of facial recognition systems and other similar solutions. This includes the territory affected by the system, the period of monitoring, the human revision of the results presented by the algorithms, as well as data security minimum requirements and the rights of data subjects affected by AI solutions (e.g. sufficient information provided on the processing of their data in accordance with the national and public interests related to the usage of AI solutions).

In addition to the above, the study further discusses the use of AI solutions by national security agencies, including the aspects of monitoring dark web activities conducted by criminal and terrorist organizations and ways for national agencies to intercept messages and gather evidence by new solutions in line with data protection and constitutional requirements.

Finally, the study helps us understand, how AI based solutions can be used for facilitating everyday work of local governments (with a key focus on chatbot services and self-service opportunities) and for solving water management related tasks more efficiently, thus creating a more modern administration, where citizens can easily interact with administrative bodies and technical or simpler tasks are undertaken by algorithms.

All in all, the study outlines how AI is currently used concerning internal affairs and for security purposes and how it can be used to help law enforcement and national security agencies fight new forms of crime empowered by technology or to further modernize local governments and water management systems and apply AI based solutions in accordance with data protection requirements and procedural laws.

  • Klein T. T. Klein & A. Tóth (eds)Az online nyilvánosság alkotmányjogi vonatkozásai Technológia jog – Robotjog – Cyberjog 2018 Budapest Wolters Kluwer Hungary Kft. 219 261

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  • Lovas R. G. Finszter & I. Sabjanics (eds)Számításifelhő-alapú platformok alkalmazása a környezeti és társadalmi biztonság céljaira Biztonsági kihívások a 21. században 2017 Budapest Dialóg Campus Kiadó 373 400

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  • Miskolczi B. & Szathmáry Z. B. Miskolczi & Z. Szathmáry (eds)Lehetőségek a büntetőeljárás előtt Büntetőjogi kérdések az információk korában – mesterséges intelligencia, big data, profilozás 2018 Budapest HVG-Orac Lap- és Könyvkiadó Kft. 190 203

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  • dr. Osztopáni K. A. Péterfalvi, B. Révész & P. Buzás (eds)Jogalapok, Közérdekű feladat ellátása és közhatalom gyakorlása Magyarázat a GDPR-ról 2018 Budapest Wolters Kluwer Hungary Kft. 129 130

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  • Sabjanics I. L. Csink (ed)A nemzetbiztonság jogi koncepciója A nemzetbiztonság hatásainak kihívása a magánszférára 2017 Budapest Pázmány Press 103 123

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  • Serbakov M. T. Gy. Gaál & Z. Hautzinger (eds)Az online felületek és okostelefonos alkalmazások mint a terrorcselekmények előrejelző rendszerei A bűnüldözés és a bűnmegelőzés rendészettudományi tényezői. Pécsi Határőr Tudományos Közlemények XXI. 2019 Pécs Magyar Hadtudományi Társaság Határőr Szakosztály Pécsi Szakcsoportja 119 124

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  • Baraniuk C. The new weapon in the fight against crime 2019 03 04 https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20190228-how-ai-is-helping-to-fight-crime 2020.10.30.

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  • Fehér könyv a mesterséges intelligenciáról: a kiválóság és a bizalom európai megközelítése Brüsszel, 2020.02.19. COM(2020) 65 final https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/commission-white-paper-artificial-intelligence-feb2020_hu.pdf 2020.10.30.

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  • Joshi N. 4 ways AI is helping with water management 2018 10 10 https://www.allerin.com/blog/4-ways-ai-is-helping-with-water-management 2020.10.30.

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  • Magyarország Mesterséges Intelligencia Stratégiája, lásd különösen: 38., 52. o. https://digitalisjoletprogram.hu/files/6f/3b/6f3b96c7604fd36e436a96a3a01e0b05.pdf 2020.10.30.

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Editor-in-Chief:

Founding Editor-in-Chief:

  • Tamás NÉMETH

Managing Editor:

  • István SABJANICS (Ministry of Interior, Budapest, Hungary)

Editorial Board:

  • Attila ASZÓDI (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Zoltán BIRKNER (University of Pannonia)
  • Valéria CSÉPE (Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Brain Imaging Centre)
  • Gergely DELI (University of Public Service)
  • Tamás DEZSŐ (Migration Research Institute)
  • Imre DOBÁK (University of Public Service)
  • Marcell Gyula GÁSPÁR (University of Miskolc)
  • József HALLER (University of Public Service)
  • Charaf HASSAN (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Zoltán GYŐRI (Hungaricum Committee)
  • János JÓZSA (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • András KOLTAY (National Media and Infocommunications Authority)
  • Gábor KOVÁCS (University of Public Service)
  • Levente KOVÁCS buda University)
  • Melinda KOVÁCS (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE))
  • Miklós MARÓTH (Avicenna Institue of Middle Eastern Studies )
  • Judit MÓGOR (Ministry of Interior National Directorate General for Disaster Management)
  • József PALLO (University of Public Service)
  • István SABJANICS (Ministry of Interior)
  • Péter SZABÓ (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE))
  • Miklós SZÓCSKA (Semmelweis University)

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Scientia et Securitas
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English
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