Attila Aszódi Budapesti Műszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem, Nukleáris Technikai Intézet, Budapest, Magyarország; Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Institute of Nuclear Techniques, Budapest, Hungary

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Bence Biró Budapesti Műszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem, Nukleáris Technikai Intézet, Budapest, Magyarország; Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Institute of Nuclear Techniques, Budapest, Hungary

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Összefoglaló. Írásunk a magyar villamosenergia-rendszert vizsgálja a COVID–19 koronavírus-járvány időszakában. Bemutatjuk a járvány magyarországi alakulásának villamosenergia-fogyasztásra gyakorolt hatását. Elemezzük a magyar villamosenergia-fogyasztási adatokat a 2019. és a 2020. év vonatkozásában, összehasonlítjuk a fogyasztás és a GDP negyedéves változását 2020-ban, és összevetjük a magyar villamosenergia-rendszerben bekövetkezett változásokat egyes európai országok rendszerének adataival. Cikkünk végén röviden bemutatjuk a villamosenergia-rendszer mint kritikus infrastruktúra működtetésének mindennapjait a járvány alatt, amely rendszer ebben a mindenki számára megerőltető időszakban is folyamatosan biztosította a fogyasztók biztonságos és megbízható villamosenergia-ellátását.

Summary. The pandemic situation caused by the coronavirus has momentarily changed the lives of everyone in the world. With the closure of borders and the imposition of curfews, tourism practically stopped overnight, civil aviation shut down, offices and some manufacturing plants closed, people were forced to stay in their homes for months, worldwide. It must also be taken into account that intensive air travel and a globalised world economy clearly predispose the world to a greater frequency of pandemics in the future, and that society, the country and humanity as a whole must be prepared to deal more effectively with similar epidemics. This salutatory change is certainly worth analysing, as much can be learned from the current situation.

In this article, we analyse the energy aspects of the epidemic, as the virus has left a deep imprint even in this industry. For the analysis, it is essential to describe the behavior of the COVID-19 pandemic in Hungary and the measures taken in parallel to contain the outbreak, as these measures have had a significant impact on the country’s electricity system. We examined the electricity consumption trends for 2020 compared to 2019. We show how the consumer sides of different European electricity systems have reacted to the situation. We conclude by highlighting the changes in the critical energy infrastructure that, despite the difficulties caused by the epidemic, the Hungarian electricity system has provided the population with the electricity which is increasingly essential to our daily lives.

The current situation highlights even more that the main infrastructures of modern societies, such as industrial production plants, transport, commerce, health care, information technology and even households, cannot function without a reliable and secure electricity supply. It is therefore of paramount importance to ensure the operational conditions of the electricity system as critical infrastructure, even during a pandemic.

  • 1

    Energetikai Szakkollégium [ESZK] (2020) A koronavírus hatásai a MAVIR-ra.

  • 2

    European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity [ENTSO-E] (2021) Total load - day ahead / actual.

  • 3

    Farrar, B., Cihlář, M., Eriksson, A., Ioakeimidou, M., Liessens, A., Manna, G., … Wastin F (2020) Continued safe operation of nuclear power generation plants during the Covid-19 pandemic, Media and public information monitoring from 13 March – 3 April 2020, EC JRC.

  • 4

    International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA] (2020) IAEA steps up support for Nuclear Facility Operators during COVID-19 crisis.

  • 5

    International Energy Agency [IEA] (2020) Covid-19 impact on eletricity.

  • 6

    Központi Statisztikai Hivatal [KSH] (2021) A bruttó hazai termék (GDP) negyedéves volumenindexei.

  • 7

    Magyarország Kormánya (2021) Koronavírus statisztika.

  • 8

    Magyar Villamosenergia-ipari Átviteli Rendszerirányító Zrt. [MAVIR] (2021) Rendszerterhelés terv és tény adatok.

  • 9

    Villanyszerelők lapja [Villanylap] (2020) Beköltöztek a munkahelyükre a MAVIR dolgozói.

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Founding Editor-in-Chief:

  • Tamás NÉMETH

Managing Editor:

  • István SABJANICS (Ministry of Interior, Budapest, Hungary)

Editorial Board:

  • Attila ASZÓDI (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Zoltán BIRKNER (University of Pannonia)
  • Valéria CSÉPE (Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Brain Imaging Centre)
  • Gergely DELI (University of Public Service)
  • Tamás DEZSŐ (Migration Research Institute)
  • Imre DOBÁK (University of Public Service)
  • Marcell Gyula GÁSPÁR (University of Miskolc)
  • József HALLER (University of Public Service)
  • Charaf HASSAN (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Zoltán GYŐRI (Hungaricum Committee)
  • János JÓZSA (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • András KOLTAY (National Media and Infocommunications Authority)
  • Gábor KOVÁCS (University of Public Service)
  • Levente KOVÁCS buda University)
  • Melinda KOVÁCS (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE))
  • Miklós MARÓTH (Avicenna Institue of Middle Eastern Studies )
  • Judit MÓGOR (Ministry of Interior National Directorate General for Disaster Management)
  • József PALLO (University of Public Service)
  • István SABJANICS (Ministry of Interior)
  • Péter SZABÓ (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE))
  • Miklós SZÓCSKA (Semmelweis University)

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Scientia et Securitas
Language Hungarian
Size A4
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Founder Academic Council of Home Affairs and
Association of Hungarian PhD and DLA Candidates
H-2090 Remeteszőlős, Hungary, Nagykovácsi út 3.
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Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
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