Authors:
Beáta Dávid Semmelweis Egyetem Mentálhigiéné Intézet Budapest, Magyarország; Institute of Mental Health, Semmelweis University Budapest, Hungary
Társadalomtudományi Kutatóközpont, MTA Kiváló Kutatóhely, ELKH Budapest, Magyarország; Centre for Social Sciences, HAS Centre of Excellence, Eötvös Loránd Research Network, Institute of Sociology Budapest, Hungary

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Boglárka Herke Társadalomtudományi Kutatóközpont, MTA Kiváló Kutatóhely, ELKH Budapest, Magyarország; Centre for Social Sciences, HAS Centre of Excellence, Eötvös Loránd Research Network, Institute of Sociology Budapest, Hungary
Szociológia és Kommunikációtudomány Doktori Iskola, Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem Budapest, Magyarország; Doctoral School of Sociology and Communication Science, Corvinus University of Budapest Budapest, Hungary

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Éva Huszti Debreceni Egyetem Bölcsészettudományi Kar Politikatudományi és Szociológiai Intézet Debrecen, Magyarország; University of Debrecen, Institute of Political Science and Sociology Debrecen, Hungary

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Gergely Tóth Társadalomtudományi Kutatóközpont, MTA Kiváló Kutatóhely, ELKH Budapest, Magyarország; Centre for Social Sciences, HAS Centre of Excellence, Eötvös Loránd Research Network, Institute of Sociology Budapest, Hungary
Károli Gáspár Református Egyetem Budapest, Magyarország; Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church in Hungary Budapest, Hungary

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Emese Túry-Angyal Társadalomtudományi Kutatóközpont, MTA Kiváló Kutatóhely, ELKH Budapest, Magyarország; Centre for Social Sciences, HAS Centre of Excellence, Eötvös Loránd Research Network, Institute of Sociology Budapest, Hungary
Szociológia és Kommunikációtudomány Doktori Iskola, Budapesti Corvinus Egyetem Budapest, Magyarország; Doctoral School of Sociology and Communication Science, Corvinus University of Budapest Budapest, Hungary

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Fruzsina Albert Semmelweis Egyetem Mentálhigiéné Intézet Budapest, Magyarország; Institute of Mental Health, Semmelweis University Budapest, Hungary
Társadalomtudományi Kutatóközpont, MTA Kiváló Kutatóhely, ELKH Budapest, Magyarország; Centre for Social Sciences, HAS Centre of Excellence, Eötvös Loránd Research Network, Institute of Sociology Budapest, Hungary

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Open access

Összefoglaló. Jelen írásban a biztonság három dimenziójának (egészség, munka, emberi kapcsolatok) összefüggésében a home office pozitív és negatív jellemzőit vizsgáljuk meg a pandémiás időszakban. Tanulmányunk egy 2020 májusában, reprezentatív mintán lekérdezett felmérés adataira épül, mely a vírushelyzetre vonatkozó kérdéseket és egy kapcsolati naplót tartalmazott. Az eredmények alapján a home office-ban dolgozók kevésbé voltak kitéve a fertőzésveszélynek: kevesebb időt töltöttek saját otthonukon kívül és tömegközlekedést is kevésbé használtak. Másrészt az otthonról dolgozók átlagosan kevesebb emberrel is találkoztak személyesen. A találkozásokban mutatkozó különbséget ugyanakkor kifejezetten a munkatársi kapcsolatok magyarázzák, míg a családi és baráti kapcsolataik megvédték az otthonról dolgozókat a társas izoláció veszélyétől.

Summary. The emergence of the Covid-19 virus in spring 2020 has significantly transformed the daily lives of the population. One of the major changes affecting the world of work is that many people have been able to work remotely from home. In this paper, we focus on the home office phenomenon with regard to the three dimensions of security (health, work and human relations) and examine its positive and negative impacts in the context of human relations during the pandemic. It is assumed that home office is more secure against the virus, as those working from home may choose not to leave their homes at all and thus protect themselves from the virus by being physically isolated. On the other hand, it is also assumed that home office workers encounter fewer people than non-home office workers and are therefore more vulnerable to social isolation.

In our study, we compare the characteristics of these two groups using descriptive statistics based on data from a national representative sample of 1,001 people contacted by telephone in May 2020. The survey included questions on the pandemic situation on the one hand, and a so-called contact diary on the other hand, in which respondents were asked to name all persons (and their characteristics) with whom they had spoken on that day beyond saying hello. First, the results show that home office workers were indeed less exposed to the risk of infection, as they spent significantly less time away from home, used public transport less, and none of them were abroad. Second, our data also show that there is a significant difference in the number of face-to-face encounters between home and non-home workers. Home office workers met on average two people face-to-face on the day of the survey, while non-home office workers met on average five people. While no significant difference was found in the number of relatives – whether or not they lived under the same roof as the respondent – between home office workers and those who went to work, the number of encounters with non-relatives was significantly higher among non-home office workers. The difference was mainly due to workplace contacts. This suggests that those working from home were protected from the risk of social isolation by their emotionally and physically close relationships. These results further support the finding that, in a crisis situation, the security provided by family ties is particularly valued and strong bonds are essential for the individual.

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Editor-in-Chief:

  • Tamás NÉMETH 
    (Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural Chemistry, Centre for Agricultural Research
    Budapest, Hungary)

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  • István SABJANICS (Ministry of Interior, Budapest, Hungary)

Editorial Board:

  • Valéria CSÉPE (Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Brain Imaging Centre)
  • János JÓZSA (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Melinda KOVÁCS (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE))
  • Miklós MARÓTH (Eötvös Loránd Research Network)
  • Charaf HASSAN (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Zoltán GYŐRI (Hungaricum Committee)
  • József HALLER (University of Public Service)
  • Attila ASZÓDI (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Zoltán BIRKNER (National Research, Development and Innovation Office)
  • Tamás DEZSŐ (Migration Research Institute)
  • Imre DOBÁK (University of Public Service)
  • András KOLTAY (National Media and Infocommunications Authority)
  • Gábor KOVÁCS (University of Public Service)
  • József PALLO (University of Public Service)
  • Marcell Gyula GÁSPÁR (University of Miskolc)
  • Judit MÓGOR (Ministry of Interior National Directorate General for Disaster Management)
  • István SABJANICS (Ministry of Interior)
  • Péter SZABÓ (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE))
  • Miklós SZÓCSKA (Semmelweis University)

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2020  
CrossRef Documents 13
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Scientia et Securitas
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A COVID–19 patológiája.

Halálok SARS-CoV-2-fertőzésben: vírusfertőzésben vagy vírusfertőzéssel?

Authors:
Zsuzsa Schaff
,
Krisztina Danics
,
Adrián Pesti
,
Gábor Lotz
,
Tibor Várkonyi
,
Deján Dobi
,
István Vályi-Nagy
,
Klára Törő
,
Tibor Glasz
, and
András Kiss