Authors:
István Sabjanics Belügyminisztérium, Tudománystratégiai és -koordinációs Főosztály Budapest Magyarország; Ministry of Interior, Science Strategy and Coordination Department Budapest Hungary

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Illés Horváth Belügyminisztérium, Tudománystratégiai és -koordinációs Főosztály Budapest Magyarország; Ministry of Interior, Science Strategy and Coordination Department Budapest Hungary

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Összefoglalás.

A dróntechnológia alapjainak katonai alkalmazása a II. világháború folyamán terjedt el, és hamarosan a koreai háború (1950–1953) kulcsfontosságú hírszerzési eszközévé vált. A 2000-es évekig az UAV-k (pilóta nélküli légi járművek) gyártásának és forgalmazásának monopóliuma kizárólag a hadiipar kezében volt, de a technológiában rejlő hatalmas lehetőségek gyorsan meghódították a civil szektort, és a gyártás önálló iparággá fejlődött. A piac robbanása alighanem forradalmasította a technológiát. Ennek következtében a drónok mérete csökkent, hatótávolságuk jelentősen megnövekedett. A piac által indikált technológiai fejlődés azonban nem csupán a laikus felhasználókat fogta meg, de az irreguláris, illetőleg a terrorista szervezetekre is komoly hatást gyakorolt. A technológiában rejlő potenciált hamar felismerték, így nemcsak integrálták, de kettős célok érdekében tovább is fejlesztették. 1990-től 2018-ig 14 olyan támadás történt, amelyben az elkövetők házilag, kereskedelmi forgalomban kapható alkatrészek felhasználásával készített UAV-t használtak. Jelen tanulmány célja, hogy megvilágítsa a drónok alkalmazásának lehetőségeit a terrorista csoportok körében, valamint, hogy rámutasson a lehetséges védelmi és biztonsági intézkedésekre.

Summary.

The military application of the fundamentals of drone technology spread during World War II (1939-1945) and soon became a key intelligence tool in the Korean War (1950-1953). Until the 2000s, the monopoly over the production and marketing of UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) was held exclusively by the military industry, but the enormous potential of the technology quickly conquered the civilian sector, and manufacturing developed into an industry in its own right. The explosion of the market revolutionised the technology. It significantly reduced their size, increased their power capacity and, although there was also a significant change in rotor size, their power and range increased exponentially. At the same time, advances have also had a very positive impact on control: the ability to follow a person or object without direct pilot intervention, the ability to program an autonomous flight path on the user interface, the ability to return to the pilot in the event of signal loss, the ability to avoid obstacles in complex environments thanks to advanced optical sensors, and the cameras on some models with facial recognition technology. The use of drone technology by irregular organisations or terrorists dates back to the 1990s, and by 2018 there had been 14 terrorist attacks in which the perpetrators had used a homemade UAV using commercially available parts. The aim of this study is to shed light on the motivation of extremist groups and the potential for the use of drones. In addition, take stock of the possible ways of protection.

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    Urcosta, R. B. (2020) The Revolution in Drone Warfare. The Lessons from the Idlih De-Escalation Zone. Journal of European, Middle Eastern, & African Affairs, Vol. 2. No. 3. pp. 50–65.

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    Voskuijl, M., Dekkers, T., Savelsberg, R. (2020) Performance Analysis of the Samad Attack Drones Operated by Houthi Armed Forces. Science & Global Security, Vol. 28. No. 3. pp. 1–22.

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    Xiufang, S., Chaoqun,Y., Weige, X., Chao, L., Zhiguo, S., & Jiming, C. (2018) Anti-Drone System with Multiple Surveillance Technologies: Architecture, Implementation, and Challenges. IEEE Communication Magazine, Vol. 56. No. 4. pp. 68–74.

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    Yaacoub, J-P., Noura, H., Salman, O., & Chehab, A. (2020) Security analysis of drones systems: Attack, liminations, and recommendations. Internet of Things, Vol. 11. September. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2542660519302112 [Letöltve: 2024. 01. 05.]

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    Yu, D., Judasz, A., Zheng, M., & Botta, E. M. (2022) Design and Testing of a Net-Launch Device for Drone Capture. AIAA SCITECH 2022 Forum. pp. 1–15.

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The author instructions are available in separate PDFs.
Please, download the Hungarian version from HERE, the English version from HERE.
The Submissions templates are available in MS Word.
For articles in Hungarian, please download it from HERE and for articles in English from HERE.
 

Editor-in-Chief:

Founding Editor-in-Chief:

  • Tamás NÉMETH

Managing Editor:

  • István SABJANICS (Ministry of Interior, Budapest, Hungary)

Editorial Board:

  • Attila ASZÓDI (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Zoltán BIRKNER (University of Pannonia)
  • Valéria CSÉPE (Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Brain Imaging Centre)
  • Gergely DELI (University of Public Service)
  • Tamás DEZSŐ (Migration Research Institute)
  • Imre DOBÁK (University of Public Service)
  • Marcell Gyula GÁSPÁR (University of Miskolc)
  • József HALLER (University of Public Service)
  • Charaf HASSAN (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • Zoltán GYŐRI (Hungaricum Committee)
  • János JÓZSA (Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
  • András KOLTAY (National Media and Infocommunications Authority)
  • Gábor KOVÁCS (University of Public Service)
  • Levente KOVÁCS buda University)
  • Melinda KOVÁCS (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE))
  • Miklós MARÓTH (Avicenna Institue of Middle Eastern Studies )
  • Judit MÓGOR (Ministry of Interior National Directorate General for Disaster Management)
  • József PALLO (University of Public Service)
  • István SABJANICS (Ministry of Interior)
  • Péter SZABÓ (Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences (MATE))
  • Miklós SZÓCSKA (Semmelweis University)

Ministry of Interior
Science Strategy and Coordination Department
Address: H-2090 Remeteszőlős, Nagykovácsi út 3.
Phone: (+36 26) 795 906
E-mail: scietsec@bm.gov.hu

DOAJ

2023  
CrossRef Documents 32
CrossRef Cites 15
Days from submission to acceptance 59
Days from acceptance to publication 104
Acceptance Rate 81%

2022  
CrossRef Documents 38
CrossRef Cites 10
Days from submission to acceptance 54
Days from acceptance to publication 78
Acceptance Rate 84%

2021  
CrossRef Documents 46
CrossRef Cites 0
Days from submission to acceptance 33
Days from acceptance to publication 85
Acceptance Rate 93%

2020  
CrossRef Documents 13
CrossRef Cites 0
Days from submission to acceptance 30
Days from acceptance to publication 62
Acceptance Rate 93%

Publication Model Gold Open Access
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge none

Scientia et Securitas
Language Hungarian
English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2020
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Academic Council of Home Affairs and
Association of Hungarian PhD and DLA Candidates
Founder's
Address
H-2090 Remeteszőlős, Hungary, Nagykovácsi út 3.
H-1055 Budapest, Hungary Falk Miksa utca 1.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
Applied
Licenses
CC-BY 4.0
CC-BY-NC 4.0
ISSN ISSN 2732-2688

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