View More View Less
  • 1 University of Zadar Department of Psychology Obala kralja Petra Krešimira IV, br. 2, 23 000 Zadar Croatia
  • 2 Region of Friuli Venezia Giulia Trieste Italy
Full access

Recent studies suggest that body height has an effect on the intensity of jealousy among men and women. Since short men and both short and tall women are regarded as less attractive, they could be at greater risk of being cheated by their partners and therefore more jealous. Numerous studies have documented sex differences in jealousy about a partner’s sexual and emotional infidelity with a person of the opposite sex. However, the partner’s ex as a rival has been neglected in the literature. Therefore, in this study the relationships between height and jealousy about two types of infidelity among 112 heterosexual men and 314 women were investigated. Infidelity scenarios included two types of rival: new rival and partner’s ex. As expected on the basis of prior studies, men were more jealous of sexual infidelity and women of emotional infidelity. Both sexes reported greater jealousy over a new rival than over partner’s ex. Among men, there were no relationships between height and jealousy, while among women, significant linear and curvilinear relationships were found for sexual infidelity with an ex-girlfriend. Jealousy was lowest among tall women and highest among short and medium-height women. The results were interpreted within the framework of evolutionary psychology.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Brase, G., Caprar, D. and Voracek, M. (2004): Sex differences in responses to relation threats in England and Romania. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 21, 763–778.

    Voracek M. , 'Sex differences in responses to relation threats in England and Romania ' (2004 ) 21 Journal of Social and Personal Relationships : 763 -778.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Brewer, G. and Riley, C. (2009): Height, relationship satisfaction, jealousy and mate retention. Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 477–489.

    Riley C. , 'Height, relationship satisfaction, jealousy and mate retention ' (2009 ) 7 Evolutionary Psychology : 477 -489.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Brewer, G. and Riley, C. (2010): Sexual dimorphism in stature (SDS), jealousy and mate retention. Evolutionary Psychology, 8, 530–544.

    Riley C. , 'Sexual dimorphism in stature (SDS), jealousy and mate retention ' (2010 ) 8 Evolutionary Psychology : 530 -544.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Bruinsma, F.J., Venn, A.J., Patton, G.C., Rayner, J., Pyett, P., Werther, G., Jones, P. and Lumley, J.M. (2006): Concern about tall stature during adolescence and depression in later life. Journal of Affective Disorders, 91, 145–152.

    Lumley J.M. , 'Concern about tall stature during adolescence and depression in later life ' (2006 ) 91 Journal of Affective Disorders : 145 -152.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M. and Barnes, M. (1986): Preferences in human mate selection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 559–570.

    Barnes M. , 'Preferences in human mate selection ' (1986 ) 5 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology : 559 -570.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M., Larsen, R., Westen, D. and Semmelroth, J. (1992): Sex differences in jealousy: Evolution, physiology and psychology. Psychological Science, 3, 251–255.

    Semmelroth J. , 'Sex differences in jealousy: Evolution, physiology and psychology ' (1992 ) 3 Psychological Science : 251 -255.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M. and Schmitt, D.P. (1993): Sexual Strategies Theory: A contextual evolutionary analysis of human mating. Psychological Review, 100, 204–232.

    Schmitt D.P. , 'Sexual Strategies Theory: A contextual evolutionary analysis of human mating ' (1993 ) 100 Psychological Review : 204 -232.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M., Shackelford, T.K., Kirkpatrick, L.A., Choe, J., Hasegawa, M., Hasegawa, T. and Bennett, K. (1999): Jealousy and the nature of beliefs about infidelity: Tests of competing hypotheses about sex differences in the United States, Korea and Japan. Personal Relationships, 6, 125–150.

    Bennett K. , 'Jealousy and the nature of beliefs about infidelity: Tests of competing hypotheses about sex differences in the United States, Korea and Japan ' (1999 ) 6 Personal Relationships : 125 -150.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M., Shackelford, T.K., Choe, J., Buunk, B.P. and Dijkstra, P. (2000): Distress about mating rivals. Personal Relationships, 7, 235–243.

    Dijkstra P. , 'Distress about mating rivals ' (2000 ) 7 Personal Relationships : 235 -243.

  • Buunk, B.P. and Bringle, R.G. (1987): Jealousy in love relationships. In Perlaman, D. and Duck, S.W. (eds): Intimate Relationships: Development, Dynamics and Deterioration (pp. 123–147): Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

    Bringle R.G. , '', in Intimate Relationships: Development, Dynamics and Deterioration , (1987 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buunk, B.P., Angleitner, A., Oubaid, V. and Buss, D.M. (1996): Sex differences in jealousy in evolutionary and cultural perspective: Tests from the Netherlands, Germany and the United States. Psychological Science, 7, 359–363.

    Buss D.M. , 'Sex differences in jealousy in evolutionary and cultural perspective: Tests from the Netherlands, Germany and the United States ' (1996 ) 7 Psychological Science : 359 -363.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buunk, A.P., Park, J.H., Zurriaga, R., Klavina, L. and Massar, K. (2008): Height predicts jealousy differently for men and women. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 133–139.

    Massar K. , 'Height predicts jealousy differently for men and women ' (2008 ) 28 Evolution and Human Behavior : 133 -139.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buunk, A.P., Pollet, T.V., Klavina, L., Figueredo, A.J. and Dijkstra, P. (2009): Height among women is curvilinearly related to life history strategy. Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 545–559.

    Dijkstra P. , 'Height among women is curvilinearly related to life history strategy ' (2009 ) 7 Evolutionary Psychology : 545 -559.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cann, A. and Tracy R.B. (2004): Former partners and new rivals as threats to a relationship: Infidelity type, gender and commitment as factors related to distress and forgiveness. Personal Relationships, 11, 305–18.

    Tracy R.B. , 'Former partners and new rivals as threats to a relationship: Infidelity type, gender and commitment as factors related to distress and forgiveness ' (2004 ) 11 Personal Relationships : 305 -18.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Chu, S. and Geary, K. (2005): Physical stature influences character perception in women. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 1927–1934.

    Geary K. , 'Physical stature influences character perception in women ' (2005 ) 38 Personality and Individual Differences : 1927 -1934.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Cohen, J. (1988): Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.): Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

    Cohen J. , '', in Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences , (1988 ) -.

  • Desteno, D.A., Barlett, M.Y., Braverman, J. and Salovey, P. (2002): Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1103–1116.

    Salovey P. , 'Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary mechanism or artifact of measurement ' (2002 ) 83 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology : 1103 -1116.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fernandez, A.M., Sierra, J.C., Zubeidat, I. and Vera-Villarroel, P. (2006): Sex differences in response to sexual and emotional infidelity among Spanish and Chilean students. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37, 359–365.

    Vera-Villarroel P. , 'Sex differences in response to sexual and emotional infidelity among Spanish and Chilean students ' (2006 ) 37 Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology : 359 -365.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fisman, R., Iyengar, S.S., Kamenica, E. and Simonson, I. (2006): Gender differences in mate selection: Evidence from a speed dating experiment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121, 673–697.

    Simonson I. , 'Gender differences in mate selection: Evidence from a speed dating experiment ' (2006 ) 121 The Quarterly Journal of Economics : 673 -697.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fitness, J. and Fletcher, G.J. O. (1993): Love, hate, anger and jealousy in close relationships: A prototype and cognitive appraisal analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 942–958.

    Fletcher G.J. O. , 'Love, hate, anger and jealousy in close relationships: A prototype and cognitive appraisal analysis ' (1993 ) 65 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology : 942 -958.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Geary, D.C., Rumsey, M., Bow-Thomas, C.C. and Hoard, M.K. (1995): Sexual jealousy as a facultative trait: Evidence from the pattern of sex differences in adults from China and the United States. Ethology and Sociobiology, 16, 355–383.

    Hoard M.K. , 'Sexual jealousy as a facultative trait: Evidence from the pattern of sex differences in adults from China and the United States ' (1995 ) 16 Ethology and Sociobiology : 355 -383.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Green, J., Cairns, B.J., Casabonne, D., Wright, F.L., Reeves, G. and Beral, V. (2011): Height and cancer incidence in the Million Women Study: Prospective cohort and metaanalysis of prospective studies of height and total cancer risk. The Lancet Oncology, 12, 785–794.

    Beral V. , 'Height and cancer incidence in the Million Women Study: Prospective cohort and metaanalysis of prospective studies of height and total cancer risk ' (2011 ) 12 The Lancet Oncology : 785 -794.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gregersen, E. (1982): Sexual Practices: The Story of Human Sexuality. London: Mitchell Beazley.

    Gregersen E. , '', in Sexual Practices: The Story of Human Sexuality , (1982 ) -.

  • Haselton, M.G. and Gangestad, S.W. (2006): Conditional expression of women’s desires and men’s mate guarding across the ovulatory cycle. Hormones and Behavior, 49, 509–518.

    Gangestad S.W. , 'Conditional expression of women’s desires and men’s mate guarding across the ovulatory cycle ' (2006 ) 49 Hormones and Behavior : 509 -518.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Judge, T.A. and Cable, D.M. (2004): The effect of physical height on workplace, success and income: Preliminary test of a theoretical model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 428–441.

    Cable D.M. , 'The effect of physical height on workplace, success and income: Preliminary test of a theoretical model ' (2004 ) 89 Journal of Applied Psychology : 428 -441.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kline, R.B. (2011): Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling. Third edition. New York: Guilford Press.

    Kline R.B. , '', in Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling , (2011 ) -.

  • Kuhle, B.X., Smedley, K.D. and Schmitt, D.P. (2009): Sex differences in the motivation and mitigation of jealousy-induced interrogations. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 499–502.

    Schmitt D.P. , 'Sex differences in the motivation and mitigation of jealousy-induced interrogations ' (2009 ) 46 Personality and Individual Differences : 499 -502.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Kurzban, R. and Weeden, J. (2005): HurryDate: Mate preferences in action. Evolution and Human Behavior, 26, 227–244.

    Weeden J. , 'HurryDate: Mate preferences in action ' (2005 ) 26 Evolution and Human Behavior : 227 -244.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Langsrud, Ø. (2003): ANOVA for unbalanced data: Use Type II instead of Type III sums of squares. Statistics and Computing 13, 163–167.

    Langsrud , 'ANOVA for unbalanced data: Use Type II instead of Type III sums of squares ' (2003 ) 13 Statistics and Computing : 163 -167.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Li, N.P. and Kenrick, D.T. (2006): Sex similarities and differences in preferences for short-term mates: What, whether and why. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 468–489.

    Kenrick D.T. , 'Sex similarities and differences in preferences for short-term mates: What, whether and why ' (2006 ) 90 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology : 468 -489.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Manning, J.T. (1995): Fluctuating asymmetry and body weight in men and women: Implications for sexual selection. Ethology and Sociobiology, 16, 145–153.

    Manning J.T. , 'Fluctuating asymmetry and body weight in men and women: Implications for sexual selection ' (1995 ) 16 Ethology and Sociobiology : 145 -153.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Melamed, T. (1992): Personality correlates of physical height. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 1349–1350.

    Melamed T. , 'Personality correlates of physical height ' (1992 ) 13 Personality and Individual Differences : 1349 -1350.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mellgren, R.L., Hromatko, I., Mcarthur, D. and Mann, M.A. (2010): A test of the evolutionary explanation of jealousy in the United States and Croatia. Journal of General Social Issues, 19, 915–931.

    Mann M.A. , 'A test of the evolutionary explanation of jealousy in the United States and Croatia ' (2010 ) 19 Journal of General Social Issues : 915 -931.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Meskó, N. and Láng, A. (2013): Women evaluate their partners’ betrayal: Emotional reactions, forgiveness, perceived threats of infidelity. In E. Farkas (ed): Acta Szekszardiensium/Scientific Publications, Tom XV. (pp. 47–59.) Szekszárd: Illyés Gyula Faculty, University of Pécs.

    Láng A. , '', in Acta Szekszardiensium/Scientific Publications , (2013 ) -.

  • Montepare, J.M. (1995): The impact of variations in height on young children’s impression of men and women. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 19, 31–47.

    Montepare J.M. , 'The impact of variations in height on young children’s impression of men and women ' (1995 ) 19 Journal of Nonverbal Behavior : 31 -47.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Mueller, U. and Mazur, A. (2001): Evidence of unconstrained directional selection for male tallness. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 50, 302–311.

    Mazur A. , 'Evidence of unconstrained directional selection for male tallness ' (2001 ) 50 Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology : 302 -311.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Muise, A., Christofides, E. and Desmarais, S. (2009): More information than you ever wanted: Does Facebook bring out the green-eyed monster of jealousy? CyberPsychology and Behavior, 12, 441–444.

    Desmarais S. , 'More information than you ever wanted: Does Facebook bring out the green-eyed monster of jealousy ' (2009 ) 12 CyberPsychology and Behavior : 441 -444.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pavela, I. (2010): Sex Differences in Jealousy. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Zadar, Zadar, Croatia.

    Pavela I. , '', in Sex Differences in Jealousy , (2010 ) -.

  • Pavela, I., Banai B. and Šimic, N. (2014): [Sex differences in jealousy]. Unpublished raw data.

    Šimic N. , '', in Sex differences in jealousy , (2014 ) -.

  • Pavela, I. and Šimic, N. (2012): Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary and belief hypothesis. Psychological Topics, 21, 105–120.

    Šimic N. , 'Sex differences in jealousy: Evolutionary and belief hypothesis ' (2012 ) 21 Psychological Topics : 105 -120.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pawlowski, B. (2003): Variable preferences for sexual dimorphism in height as a strategy for increasing the pool of potential partners in humans. Proceeding of the Royal Society London B, 270, 709–712.

    Pawlowski B. , 'Variable preferences for sexual dimorphism in height as a strategy for increasing the pool of potential partners in humans ' (2003 ) 270 Proceeding of the Royal Society London B : 709 -712.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pietrzak, R.H., Laird, J.D., Stevens, D.A. and Thompson, N.S. (2002): Sex differences in human jealousy — A coordinated study of forced-choice. Evolution and Human Behavior, 23, 83–94.

    Thompson N.S. , 'Sex differences in human jealousy — A coordinated study of forced-choice ' (2002 ) 23 Evolution and Human Behavior : 83 -94.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Pillsworth, E.G. and Haselton, M.G. (2006): Women’s sexual strategies: The evolution of long-term bonds and extra-pair sex. Annual Review of Sex Research, 17, 59–100.

    Haselton M.G. , 'Women’s sexual strategies: The evolution of long-term bonds and extra-pair sex ' (2006 ) 17 Annual Review of Sex Research : 59 -100.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Regan, P.C., Levin, L., Sprecher, S., Christopher, F.S. and Cate, R. (2000): Partner preferences: What characteristics do men and women desire in their short-term sexual and long-term romantic partners? Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 12, 1–21.

    Cate R. , 'Partner preferences: What characteristics do men and women desire in their short-term sexual and long-term romantic partners ' (2000 ) 12 Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality : 1 -21.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schützwohl, A. (2004): Which infidelity type makes you more jealous? Decision strategies in a forced-choice between sexual and emotional infidelity. Evolutionary Psychology, 2, 121–128.

    Schützwohl A. , 'Which infidelity type makes you more jealous? Decision strategies in a forced-choice between sexual and emotional infidelity ' (2004 ) 2 Evolutionary Psychology : 121 -128.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schützwohl, A. (2007): Decision strategies in continuous ratings of jealousy feelings elicited by sexual and emotional infidelity. Evolutionary Psychology 5, 1–14.

    Schützwohl A. , 'Decision strategies in continuous ratings of jealousy feelings elicited by sexual and emotional infidelity ' (2007 ) 5 Evolutionary Psychology : 1 -14.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sell, A., Cosmides, L., Tooby, J., Sznycer, D., Von Rueden, C. and Gurven, M. (2009): Human adaptations for the visual assessment of strength and fighting ability from the body and face. Proceeding of the Royal Society London B: Biological Sciences, 276, 575–584.

    Gurven M. , 'Human adaptations for the visual assessment of strength and fighting ability from the body and face ' (2009 ) 276 Proceeding of the Royal Society London B: Biological Sciences : 575 -584.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sheets, V.L., Fredendall, L.L. and Claypool, H.M. (1997): Jealousy evocation, partner reassurance and relationship stability: An exploration of the potential benefits of jealousy. Evolution and human behavior, 18, 387–402.

    Claypool H.M. , 'Jealousy evocation, partner reassurance and relationship stability: An exploration of the potential benefits of jealousy ' (1997 ) 18 Evolution and human behavior : 387 -402.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Silventoinen, K., Lahelma, E. and Rahkonen, O. (1999): Social background, adult body height and health. International Journal of Epidemiology, 28, 911–918.

    Rahkonen O. , 'Social background, adult body height and health ' (1999 ) 28 International Journal of Epidemiology : 911 -918.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sorowski, P. (2010): Politicians’ estimated height as an indicator of their popularity. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40, 1302–1309.

    Sorowski P. , 'Politicians’ estimated height as an indicator of their popularity ' (2010 ) 40 European Journal of Social Psychology : 1302 -1309.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Souza, A. A. L., Verderane, M.P., Taira, J.T. and Otta, E. (2006): Emotional and sexual jealousy as a function of sex and sexual orientation in a Brazilian sample. Psychological Reports, 98, 529–535.

    Otta E. , 'Emotional and sexual jealousy as a function of sex and sexual orientation in a Brazilian sample ' (2006 ) 98 Psychological Reports : 529 -535.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Spielman, S.S., Joel, S., Macdonald, G. and Kogan, A. (2012): Ex-appeal: Current relationship quality and emotional attachment to ex-partners. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 4, 175–180.

    Kogan A. , 'Ex-appeal: Current relationship quality and emotional attachment to ex-partners ' (2012 ) 4 Social Psychological and Personality Science : 175 -180.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Stulp, G., Buunk, A.P., Verhulst, S. and Pollet, T.V. (2012): High and mighty: Height increases authority in professional refereeing. Evolutionary Psychology, 10, 588–601.

    Pollet T.V. , 'High and mighty: Height increases authority in professional refereeing ' (2012 ) 10 Evolutionary Psychology : 588 -601.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Šimic, N., Pavela, I. and Ugrina, M.E. (2010, May): Sexual and Emotional Infidelity across the Menstrual Cycle. Paper presented at the XVII. Psychology Days, Zadar, Croatia.

    Ugrina M.E. , '', in Sexual and Emotional Infidelity across the Menstrual Cycle , (2010 ) -.

  • Treger, S. and Sprecher, S. (2011): The influence of sociosexuality and attachment style on reactions to emotional versus sexual infidelity. Journal of Sex Research, 48, 413–422.

    Sprecher S. , 'The influence of sociosexuality and attachment style on reactions to emotional versus sexual infidelity ' (2011 ) 48 Journal of Sex Research : 413 -422.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Trivers, R.L. (1972): Parental investment and sexual selection. In B. Campbell (ed): Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, 1871–1971 (pp. 136–179): Chicago, IL: Aldine.

    Trivers R.L. , '', in Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, 1871–1971 , (1972 ) -.

  • Van Straaten, I.V., Engels, R. C. M. E., Finkenauer C. and Holland, R.W. (2008): Sex differences in short-term mate preferences and behavioral mimicry: A semi-naturalistic experiment. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37, 902–911.

    Holland R.W. , 'Sex differences in short-term mate preferences and behavioral mimicry: A semi-naturalistic experiment ' (2008 ) 37 Archives of Sexual Behavior : 902 -911.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wiederman, M. and Kendall, E. (1999): Evolution, sex and jealousy: Investigation with a sample from Sweden. Evolution and Human Behavior, 20, 121–128.

    Kendall E. , 'Evolution, sex and jealousy: Investigation with a sample from Sweden ' (1999 ) 20 Evolution and Human Behavior : 121 -128.

    • Search Google Scholar

No Evolutionist is an Island

A review of Kevin N. Laland and Gillian R. Brown (2011) Sense and Nonsense. Evolutionary perspectives of human behaviour Oxford: Oxford University Press. 270 pages, ISBN: 978-0-19-958696-7