View More View Less
  • 1 Wayne State University Graduate Medical Education, Department of Psychology 5057 Woodward, 7th floor Detroit Michigan 48202 USA
  • 2 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Department of Psychology Milwaukee Wisconsin USA
  • 3 Wayne State University Department of Psychology Detroit Michigan USA
  • 4 University of Detroit Mercy Department of Psychology Detroit Michigan USA
  • 5 Middle East Technical University Department of Psychology Ankara Turkey
  • 6 Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology Moscow Russia
  • 7 Beijing Normal University Institute of Developmental Psychology Beijing China
Full access

In this post hoc analysis of mate retention behavior, over 3000 married couples from five cultures completed the Marriage and Relationship Questionnaire (MARQ). The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was used to test relationships for selected variables. For all countries and both sexes, the spouse being attracted to other people was linked to worry about spousal infidelity. For all cases except the Russians, being attracted to one’s spouse was related to less worry by the spouse about infidelity. In all cases, one’s being attractive was associated with spousal feelings of possessiveness. Having a spouse who went out without them was related to infidelity worries for wives in all groups and husbands in three groups. Feelings of possessiveness were related to wanting to touch the spouse in most groups, and husbands reported more such desire in all groups. Husbands who sought sex outside of marriage worried about reciprocal spousal infidelity in all cultures, as did wives in most cultures. Overall, the data suggest that attractiveness and attraction shape mate retention emotions and behavior in similar ways across cultures.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Amato, P.R. and Rogers, S.J. (1997): A longitudinal study of marital problems and subsequent divorce. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59, 612–624.

    Rogers S.J. , 'A longitudinal study of marital problems and subsequent divorce ' (1997 ) 59 Journal of Marriage and the Family : 612 -624.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Arbuckle, J.L. (2006): Amos 7.0 User’s Guide. Chicago: SPSS

    Arbuckle J.L. , '', in Amos 7.0 User’s Guide , (2006 ) -.

  • Bailey, K.D. (1987): Methods of Social Research. New York: Free Press.

    Bailey K.D. , '', in Methods of Social Research , (1987 ) -.

  • Barelds, D.P. and Barelds Di, Jkstra, P. (2007): Relations between different types of jealousy and self and partner perceptions of relationship quality. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 14, 176–188.

    Di Barelds J. P. , 'Relations between different types of jealousy and self and partner perceptions of relationship quality ' (2007 ) 14 Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy : 176 -188.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Booth, A. and Dabbs, J.M. (1993): Testosterone and men’s marriages. Social Forces, 72, 463–477.

    Dabbs J.M. , 'Testosterone and men’s marriages ' (1993 ) 72 Social Forces : 463 -477.

  • Brase, G.L. and Guy, E.C. (2004): The demographics of mate value and self-esteem. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 471–484.

    Guy E.C. , 'The demographics of mate value and self-esteem ' (2004 ) 36 Personality and Individual Differences : 471 -484.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Brennan, K.A., Wu, S. and Loev, J. (1998): Adult romantic attachment and individual differences in attitudes toward physical contact in the context of adult romantic relationships. In J.A. Simpson & W.S. Rholes (eds.), Attachment Theory and Close Relationships (pp. 394–428). New York: Guilford Press.

    Loev J. , '', in Attachment Theory and Close Relationships , (1998 ) -.

  • Brewer, G. and Riley, C. (2009): Height, relationship satisfaction, jealousy, and mate retention. Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 477–489.

    Riley C. , 'Height, relationship satisfaction, jealousy, and mate retention ' (2009 ) 7 Evolutionary Psychology : 477 -489.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buunk, A.P., Park, J.H., Zurriaga, R., Klavina, L. and Massar, K. (2008): Height predicts jealousy differently for men and women. Evolution and Human Behavior, 29, 133–139.

    Massar K. , 'Height predicts jealousy differently for men and women ' (2008 ) 29 Evolution and Human Behavior : 133 -139.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M. (1988): From vigilance to violence: Tactics of mate retention in American undergraduates. Ethology and Sociobiology, 9, 291–317.

    Buss D.M. , 'From vigilance to violence: Tactics of mate retention in American undergraduates ' (1988 ) 9 Ethology and Sociobiology : 291 -317.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M. (1989): Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 1–49.

    Buss D.M. , 'Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures ' (1989 ) 12 Behavioral and Brain Sciences : 1 -49.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M. (2000): The Dangerous Passion. New York: The Free Press.

    Buss D.M. , '', in The Dangerous Passion , (2000 ) -.

  • Buss, D.M. (2002): Human mate guarding. Neuroendocrinology Letters, 23, 23–29.

    Buss D.M. , 'Human mate guarding ' (2002 ) 23 Neuroendocrinology Letters : 23 -29.

  • Buss, D. and Dedden, L. (1990): Derogation of competitors. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 7, 395–422.

    Dedden L. , 'Derogation of competitors ' (1990 ) 7 Journal of Social and Personal Relationships : 395 -422.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Buss, D.M. and Shackelford, T.K. (1997): From vigilance to violence: Mate retention tactics in married couples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 346–361.

    Shackelford T.K. , 'From vigilance to violence: Mate retention tactics in married couples ' (1997 ) 72 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology : 346 -361.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Djikstra, P. and Buunk, B.P. (2001): Sex differences in the jealousy-evoking nature of a rival’s body build. Evolution and Human Behavior, 27, 335–341.

    Buunk B.P. , 'Sex differences in the jealousy-evoking nature of a rival’s body build ' (2001 ) 27 Evolution and Human Behavior : 335 -341.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fisher, M.L. (2004): Female intrasexual competition decreases female facial attractiveness. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 271, S283–S285.

    Fisher M.L. , 'Female intrasexual competition decreases female facial attractiveness ' (2004 ) 271 Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences : S283 -S285.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Fisher, M., Cox, A. and Gordon, F. (2009): Self-promotion versus competitor derogation: The influence of sex on relationship status on intrasexual competition strategy selection. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 287–308.

    Gordon F. , 'Self-promotion versus competitor derogation: The influence of sex on relationship status on intrasexual competition strategy selection ' (2009 ) 7 Journal of Evolutionary Psychology : 287 -308.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Flinn, M.V. (1988): Mate guarding in a Caribbean village. Ethology and Sociobiology, 9, 1–28.

    Flinn M.V. , 'Mate guarding in a Caribbean village ' (1988 ) 9 Ethology and Sociobiology : 1 -28.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Gangestad, S.W., Thornhill, R. and Garver, C. (2003): Changes in women’s sexual interests and their partners’ mate retention tactics across the menstrual cycle: Evidence for shifting conflicts of interest. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences, 269, 975–982.

    Garver C. , 'Changes in women’s sexual interests and their partners’ mate retention tactics across the menstrual cycle: Evidence for shifting conflicts of interest ' (2003 ) 269 Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences : 975 -982.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Goetz, A.T., Shackelford, T.K., Weekes-Shackelford, V.A., Euler, H.A., Hoier, S. and Schmitt, D.P. (2005): Mate retention, semen displacement, and human sperm competition: A preliminary investigation of tactics to prevent and correct female infidelity. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 749–763.

    Schmitt D.P. , 'Mate retention, semen displacement, and human sperm competition: A preliminary investigation of tactics to prevent and correct female infidelity ' (2005 ) 38 Personality and Individual Differences : 749 -763.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Harris, G.T., Hilton, N.Z., Rice, M.E. and Eke, A.W. (2007): Children killed by genetic parents versus stepparents. Evolution and Human Behavior, 28, 85–95.

    Eke A.W. , 'Children killed by genetic parents versus stepparents ' (2007 ) 28 Evolution and Human Behavior : 85 -95.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Haselton, M. and Gangestad, S.E. (2006): Conditional expression of women’s desires and men’s mate guarding across the ovulatory cycle. Hormones and Behavior, 49, 509–518.

    Gangestad S.E. , 'Conditional expression of women’s desires and men’s mate guarding across the ovulatory cycle ' (2006 ) 49 Hormones and Behavior : 509 -518.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hess, N.C. and Hagen, E.H. (2002): Informational Warfare. Cogprints.

    Hagen E.H. , '', in Informational Warfare , (2002 ) -.

  • Hill, S.E. and Durante, K.M. (2011): Courtship, competition, and the pursuit of attractiveness: Mating goals facilitate health-related risk taking and strategic risk suppression in women. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 383–394.

    Durante K.M. , 'Courtship, competition, and the pursuit of attractiveness: Mating goals facilitate health-related risk taking and strategic risk suppression in women ' (2011 ) 37 Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin : 383 -394.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Hughes, S.M., Harrison, M.A. and Gallup, G.G., Jr. (2004): Sex differences in mating strategies: Mate guarding, infidelity, and multiple concurrent sex partners. Sexualities, Evolution and Gender, 6, 3–13.

    Gallup G.G. , 'Sex differences in mating strategies: Mate guarding, infidelity, and multiple concurrent sex partners ' (2004 ) 6 Sexualities, Evolution and Gender : 3 -13.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Keating, C.F. (1985): Gender and the physiognomy of dominance and attractiveness. Social Psychology Quarterly, 48, 61–80.

    Keating C.F. , 'Gender and the physiognomy of dominance and attractiveness ' (1985 ) 48 Social Psychology Quarterly : 61 -80.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Little, A.C. and Mannion, H. (2006): Viewing attractive or unattractive same-sex individuals changes self-rated attractiveness and face preferences in women. Animal Behaviour, 72, 981–987.

    Mannion H. , 'Viewing attractive or unattractive same-sex individuals changes self-rated attractiveness and face preferences in women ' (2006 ) 72 Animal Behaviour : 981 -987.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Lucas, T.W., Parkhill, M.R., Wendorf, C.A., Imamoğlu, E.O., Weisfeld, C.C., Weisfeld, G.E. and Shen, J. (2008): Cultural and evolutionary components of marital satisfaction: A multidimensional assessment of measurement invariance. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39, 109–123.

    Shen J. , 'Cultural and evolutionary components of marital satisfaction: A multidimensional assessment of measurement invariance ' (2008 ) 39 Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology : 109 -123.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Maner, J.K., Gailliot, M.T., Rouby, D.A. and Miller, S.L. (2007): Can’t take my eyes off you: Attentional adhesion to mates and rivals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 389.

    Miller S.L. , 'Can’t take my eyes off you: Attentional adhesion to mates and rivals ' (2007 ) 93 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology : 389 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Nowak, N. T., Weisfeld, G. E., Imamoğlu, E. O., Weisfeld, C. C., Butovskaya, M. and Shen, J. (in press): Attractiveness and spousal infidelity as predictors of infidelity in couples from five cultures. Human Ethology Bulletin.

  • Pillsworth, E.G. and Haselton, M.G. (2006): Male sexual attractiveness predicts differential ovulatory shifts in female extra-pair attraction and male mate retention. Evolution and Human Behavior, 27, 247–258.

    Haselton M.G. , 'Male sexual attractiveness predicts differential ovulatory shifts in female extra-pair attraction and male mate retention ' (2006 ) 27 Evolution and Human Behavior : 247 -258.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Platek, S.M. and Shackelford, T.K. (eds.): (2006): Female Infidelity and Paternal Uncertainty: Evolutionary Perspectives on Male Anti-Cuckoldry Tactics. Cambridge University Press.

    Shackelford T.K. e.d.s. , '', in Female Infidelity and Paternal Uncertainty: Evolutionary Perspectives on Male Anti-Cuckoldry Tactics , (2006 ) -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Russell, R.H. and Wells, P.A. (1991): Personality similarity and quality of marriage. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 407–412.

    Wells P.A. , 'Personality similarity and quality of marriage ' (1991 ) 12 Personality and Individual Differences : 407 -412.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Sahlstein, E.M. (2004): Relating at a distance: Negotiating being together and being apart in long-distance relationships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 21, 689–710.

    Sahlstein E.M. , 'Relating at a distance: Negotiating being together and being apart in long-distance relationships ' (2004 ) 21 Journal of Social and Personal Relationships : 689 -710.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Schmitt, D.P. and Buss, D.M. (1996): Strategic self-promotion and competitor derogation: Sex and context effects on the perceived effectiveness of mate attraction tactics. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 1185.

    Buss D.M. , 'Strategic self-promotion and competitor derogation: Sex and context effects on the perceived effectiveness of mate attraction tactics ' (1996 ) 70 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology : 1185 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shackelford, T.K. and Buss, D.M. (1997): Cues to infidelity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 1034–1045.

    Buss D.M. , 'Cues to infidelity ' (1997 ) 23 Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin : 1034 -1045.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shackelford, T.K., Goetz, A.T. and Buss, D.M. (2005): Mate retention in marriage: Further evidence of the reliability of the Mate Retention Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 39, 415–425.

    Buss D.M. , 'Mate retention in marriage: Further evidence of the reliability of the Mate Retention Inventory ' (2005 ) 39 Personality and Individual Differences : 415 -425.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shackelford, T.K., Goetz, A.T., McKibbin, W.F. and Starratt, V.G. (2007): Absence makes the adaptations grow fonder: Proportion of time apart from partner, male sexual psychology, and sperm competition in humans (Homo sapiens): Journal of Comparative Psychology, 121, 214.

    Starratt V.G. , 'Absence makes the adaptations grow fonder: Proportion of time apart from partner, male sexual psychology, and sperm competition in humans (Homo sapiens) ' (2007 ) 121 Journal of Comparative Psychology : 214 -.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Shackelford, T.K., Leblanc, G.J., Weekes-Shackelford, V.A., Bleske-Rechek, A.L., Euler, H.A. and Hoier, S. (2002): Psychological adaptation to human sperm competition. Evolution and Human Behavior, 23, 123–138.

    Hoier S. , 'Psychological adaptation to human sperm competition ' (2002 ) 23 Evolution and Human Behavior : 123 -138.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Scheele, D., Striepens, N., Gunturkun, O., Deutschlander, S., Maier, W., Kendrick, K. and Hurlemann, R. (2012): Oxytocin modulates social distance between males and females. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 16074–16079.

    Hurlemann R. , 'Oxytocin modulates social distance between males and females ' (2012 ) 32 The Journal of Neuroscience : 16074 -16079.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Starratt, V.G., Shackelford, T.K. Goetz, A.T. and McKibbin, W.F. (2007): Male mate retention behaviors vary with risk of female infidelity and sperm competition. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 39, 523–527.

    McKibbin W.F. , 'Male mate retention behaviors vary with risk of female infidelity and sperm competition ' (2007 ) 39 Acta Psychologica Sinica : 523 -527.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Waynforth, D. (2001): Mate choice trade-offs and women’s preference for physically attractive men. Human Nature, 12, 207–219.

    Waynforth D. , 'Mate choice trade-offs and women’s preference for physically attractive men ' (2001 ) 12 Human Nature : 207 -219.

    • Search Google Scholar
  • Wanous, J.P., Reichers, A.E. and Hury, M.J. (1997): Overall job satisfaction: How good are single-item measures? Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 247–252.

    Hury M.J. , 'Overall job satisfaction: How good are single-item measures ' (1997 ) 82 Journal of Applied Psychology : 247 -252.

    • Search Google Scholar

No Evolutionist is an Island

A review of Kevin N. Laland and Gillian R. Brown (2011) Sense and Nonsense. Evolutionary perspectives of human behaviour Oxford: Oxford University Press. 270 pages, ISBN: 978-0-19-958696-7