View More View Less
  • 1 MTA-DE Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Research Group, Debrecen, Egyetem square 1, H-4032, Hungary
  • | 2 University of Debrecen, Egyetem square 1, H-4032, Hungary
Open access

Urban areas have been growing radically worldwide, causing considerable changes in biodiversity of natural habitats. In floodplain forests, we studied the effects of urbanization on ground-dwelling spider assemblages along a rural–suburban–urban gradient in Hungary. We tested three traditional hypotheses (intermediate disturbance hypothesis, habitat specialist hypothesis and hygrophilous species hypothesis) and two novel expectations (shade-preferring species hypothesis, and disturbance sensitive species hypothesis) on spiders. We found that the total number of species was higher in the suburban habitat than in rural and urban ones, supporting the intermediate disturbance hypothesis. We found a decrease in the species richness of forest specialist and shade-preferring species along the urbanization gradient. We found that the number of hygrophilous and disturbance sensitive species was the lowest in the urban habitat. The spider assemblages of the rural and suburban habitats were clearly separated from the assemblages of urban habitats. Based on our findings we emphasize that low and moderate intensity of forest management contributes to the preservation of the local species richness in floodplain forests.

  • Adler, P.H. and R.G. Foottit. 2009. Introduction. In: Foottit, R.G. and P.H. Adler (eds). Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, pp. 16.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Alaruikka, D.M., D.J. Kotze, K. Matveinen and J. Niemelä. 2002. Carabid beetle and spider assemblages along a forested urban-rural gradient in Southern Finland. J. Insect Conserv. 6:195206.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Buchar, J. and V. Růžička. 2002. Catalogue of Spiders of the Czech Republic, 1st ed. Peres Publishers, Praha.

  • Cardinale, B.J, J.E. Duffy, A. Gonzalez, D.U. Hooper, C. Perrings, P. Venail, A. Narwani, G.M. Mace, D. Tilman and D.A. Wardle. 1978. Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs. Science 199:13021310.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Czech, B., P.R. Krausman and P.K. Devers. 2000. Economic associations among causes of species endangerment in the United States. BioScience 50:593601.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Debnár, Z., T. Magura, R. Horváth, D.D. Nagy, S. Mizser, A. Demkó, B. Tajthi and B. Tóthmérész. 2016. Group selection harvesting supports diversity of forest specialist epigaeic arthropods (Coleoptera: Carabidae; Arachnida: Araneae; Isopoda: Oniscidae). Period. Biol. 118:311314.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Foelix, R.F. 2011. The Biology of Spiders. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  • Gardnier, M.M., C.E. Burkman and S.P. Prajzner. 2013. The value of urban vacant land to support arthropod biodiversity and ecosystem services. Environ. Entomol. 42:11231136.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horváth, R., Z. Elek and G.L. Lövei. 2014. Compositional changes in spider (Araneae) assemblages along an urbanization gradient near a Danish town. B. Insectol. 67:255264.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horváth, R., T. Magura and C. Szinetár. 2001. Effects of immission load on spiders living on black pine. Biodivers. Conserv. 10:15311542.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horváth, R., T. Magura, G. Péter and B. Tóthmérész. 2002. Edge effect on weevils and spiders. Web Ecol. 3:4347.

  • Horváth, R., T. Magura, C. Szinetár and B. Tóthmérész. 2009. Spiders are not less diverse in small and isolated grasslands, but less diverse in overgrazed grasslands; a field study (East Hungary, Nyírség). Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 130:1622.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horváth, R., T. Magura and B. Tóthmérész. 2012. Ignoring ecological demands masks the real effect of urbanization: a case study of ground-dwelling spiders along a rural–urban gradient in a lowland forest in Hungary. Ecol. Res. 27:10691077.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Horváth, R., T. Magura, C. Szinetár, J. Eichardt and B. Tóthmérész. 2013. Large and least isolated fragments preserve habitat specialist spiders best in dry sandy grasslands in Hungary. Biodivers. Conserv. 22:21392150.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ishitani, M., D.J. Kotze and J. Niemelä. 2003. Changes in carabid beetle assemblages across an urban–rural gradient in Japan. Ecography 26:481489.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lambeets, K., M.L. Vandegehuchte, J.P. Maelfait and D. Bonte. 2008. Understanding the impact of flooding on trait-displacements and shifts in assemblage structure of predatory arthropods on river banks. J. Anim. Ecol. 77:11621174.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Legendre, P. and L. Legendre. 2012. Numerical Ecology, 3rd ed. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam.

  • Magura, T., B. Tóthmérész and T. Molnár. 2004. Changes in carabid beetle assemblages along an urbanization gradient in the city of Debrecen, Hungary. Landsc. Ecol. 19:747759.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Magura, T., B. Tóthmérész and T. Molnár. 2008. A species-level comparison of occurrence patterns in carabids along an urbanization gradient. Landsc. Urban Plan. 86:134140.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Magura, T., G.L. Lövei and B. Tóthmérész. 2010a. Does urbanization decrease diversity in ground beetle (Carabidae) assemblages? Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 19:1626.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Magura, T., R. Horváth and B. Tóthmérész. 2010b. Effects of urbanization on ground-dwelling spiders in forest patches, in Hungary. Landsc. Ecol. 25:621629.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Magura, T., D. Nagy and B. Tóthmérész. 2013. Rove beetles respond heterogeneously to urbanization. J. Insect Conserv. 17:715724.

  • McDonald, R.I., P. Kareiva and R.T. Forman. 2008. The implications of current and future urbanization for global protected areas and biodiversity conservation. Biol. Conserv. 141:16951703.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McIntyre, N.E. 2000. Ecology of urban arthropods: a review and a call to action. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 93:825835.

  • McIntyre, N.E., J. Rango, W.F. Fagan and S.H. Faeth. 2001. Ground arthropod community structure in a heterogeneous urban environment. Landsc. Urban Plan. 52:257274.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McKinney, M.L. 2006. Urbanization as a major cause of biotic homogenization. Biol. Cons. 127:247260.

  • McKinney, M.L. 2008. Effects of urbanization on species richness: A review of plants and animals. Urban Ecosyst. 11:161176.

  • Miyashita, T., A. Shinkai and T. Chida. 1998. The effects of forest fragmentation on web spider communities in urban areas. Biol. Cons. 86:357364.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nagy, D.D., T. Magura, S. Mizser, Z. Debnár, R. Horváth and B. Tóthmérész. 2016. Recovery of surface-dwelling assemblages (Coleoptera: Carabidae, Staphylinidae) during clear-cut originated reforestation with native tree species. Period. Biol. 118:195203.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nentwig, W., T. Blick, D. Gloor, A. Hänggi and C. Kropf. 2018. Spiders of Europe. http://www.araneae.unibe.ch. Accessed 15 January 2018.

  • Niemelä, J. and D.J. Kotze. 2009. Carabid beetle assemblages along urban to rural gradients: a review. Landsc. Urban Plan. 92:6571.

  • Niemelä, J., D.J. Kotze and A. Ashworth. 2000. The search for common anthropogenic impacts on biodiversity: a global network. J. Insect Conserv. 4:39.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Niemelä, J., D.J. Kotze, S. Venn, L. Penev, I. Stoyanov, J. Spence and D. Hartley. 2002. Carabid beetle assemblages (Coleoptera, Carabidae) across urban-rural gradients: an international comparison. Landsc. Ecol. 17:387401.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nyffeler, M. 2000. Ecological impact of spider predation: a critical assessment of Bristowe’s and Turnbull’s estimates. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 11:367373.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oksanen, J., G.F. Blanchet, M. Friendly, R. Kindt, P. Legendre,. D. McGlinn, P.R. Minchin, R.B. O'Hara, G.L. Simpson, P. Solymos, M.H.H Stevens, E. Szoecs and H. Wagner. 2007. vegan: Community Ecology Package, R package version 2.4-4, https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan

  • Olden, J.D. and N.L. Poff (2003) Toward a mechanistic understanding and prediction of biotic homogenization. Amer. Nat. 162:442460.

  • Patil, G.P. and C. Taillie. 1982. Diversity as a concept and its measurement. J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 77:548-567.

  • R Core Team. 2017. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna.

  • Renofalt, B.M., C. Nilsson and R. Jansson. 2005. Spatial and temporal patterns of species richness in a riparian landscape. J. Biogeogr. 32:20252037.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ryndock, J.A., G.E. Stratton, J.S. Brewer and M.M. Holland. 2012. Differences in spider community composition among adjacent sites during initial stages of oak woodland restoration. Restor. Ecol. 20:2432.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Samu, F. and C. Szinetár. 1999. Bibliographic check list of the Hungarian spider fauna. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 11:161184.

  • Sattler, T., M.K. Obrist, P. Duelli and M. Moret. 2011. Urban arthropod communities: Added value or just a blend of surrounding biodiversity? Landsc. Urban Plan. 103:347361.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith, R.M., K. Thompson, J.G. Hodgson, P.H. Warren and K.J. Gaston. 2006. Urban domestic gardens (IX): Composition and richness of the vascular plant flora, and implications for native biodiversity. Biol. Cons. 129:312322.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stork, N.E. 2010. Re-assessing current extinction rates. Biodivers. Conserv. 19:357371.

  • Tóthmérész, B. 1995. Comparison of different methods for diversity ordering. J. Veg. Sci. 6:283290.

  • Tóthmérész, B. 1998. On the characterization of scale-dependent diversity. Abstr. Bot. 22:149156.

  • Tóthmérész, B., I. Máthé, E. Balázs and T. Magura. 2011. Responses of carabid beetles to urbanization in Transylvania (Romania). Landsc. Urban Plan. 101:330337.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vergnes, A., V. Pellissier, G. Lemperiere, C. Rollard and P. Clergeau. 2014. Urban densification causes the decline of ground-dwelling arthropods. Biodivers. Conserv. 23:18591877.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • World Spider Catalog 2017. World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. http://wsc.nmbe.ch. Accessed 15 January 2018.

Click HERE for submission guidelines.


Manuscript submission: COMEC Manuscript Submission

 

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Podani, János

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Jordán, Ferenc

Honorary Editor(s): Orlóci, László

Editorial Board

  • Madhur Anand, CAN (forest ecology, computational ecology, and ecological complexity)
  • S. Bagella, ITA (temporal dynamics, including succession, community level patterns of species richness and diversity, experimental studies of plant, animal and microbial communities, plant communities of the Mediterranean)
  • P. Batáry, HUN (landscape ecology, agroecology, ecosystem services)
  • P. A. V. Borges, PRT (community level patterns of species richness and diversity, sampling in theory and practice)
  • A. Davis, GER (supervised learning, multitrophic interactions, food webs, multivariate analysis, ecological statistics, experimental design, fractals, parasitoids, species diversity, community assembly, ticks, biodiversity, climate change, biological networks, cranes, olfactometry, evolution)
  • Z. Elek, HUN (insect ecology, invertebrate conservation, population dynamics, especially of long-term field studies, insect sampling)
  • T. Kalapos, HUN (community level plant ecophysiology, grassland ecology, vegetation-soil relationship)
  • G. M. Kovács, HUN (microbial ecology, plant-fungus interactions, mycorrhizas)
  • W. C. Liu,TWN (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, temporal dynamics, including succession, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment)
  • L. Mucina, AUS (vegetation survey, syntaxonomy, evolutionary community ecology, assembly rules, global vegetation patterns, mediterranean ecology)
  • P. Ódor, HUN (plant communities, bryophyte ecology, numerical methods)
  • F. Rigal, FRA (island biogeography, macroecology, functional diversity, arthropod ecology)
  • D. Rocchini, ITA (biodiversity, multiple scales, spatial scales, species distribution, spatial ecology, remote sensing, ecological informatics, computational ecology)
  • F. Samu, HUN (landscape ecology, biological control, generalist predators, spiders, arthropods, conservation biology, sampling methods)
  • U. Scharler, ZAF (ecological networks, food webs, estuaries, marine, mangroves, stoichiometry, temperate, subtropical)
  • D. Schmera, HUN (aquatic communities, functional diversity, ecological theory)
  • M. Scotti, GER (community-based ecological theory and modelling issues, trophic interactions, competition, species response to the environment, ecological networks)
  • B. Tóthmérész, HUN (biodiversity, soil zoology, spatial models, macroecology, ecological modeling)
  • S. Wollrab, GER (aquatic ecology, food web dynamics, plankton ecology, predator-prey interactions)

 

Advisory Board

  • S. Bartha, HUN
  • S.L. Collins, USA
  • T. Czárán, HUN
  • E. Feoli, ITA
  • N. Kenkel, CAN
  • J. Lepš, CZE
  • S. Mazzoleni, ITA
  • Cs. Moskát, HUN
  • B. Oborny, HUN
  • M.W. Palmer, USA
  • G.P. Patil, USA
  • V. de Patta Pillar, BRA
  • C. Ricotta, ITA
  • Á. Szentesi, HUN

PODANI, JÁNOS
E-mail: podani@ludens.elte.hu


JORDÁN, FERENC
E-mail: jordan.ferenc@gmail.com

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • Elsevier/Geo Abstracts
  • Science Citation Index Expanded
  • SCOPUS
  • Zoological Abstracts

 

 

Community Ecology
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2000
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
2
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1585-8553 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2756 (Online)