Authors:
Matthew Coblyn Oregon State University, 103 Gleeson Hall, Corvallis OR 97331, USA

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Agnieszka Truszkowska Oregon State University, 103 Gleeson Hall, Corvallis OR 97331, USA

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Goran Jovanovic Oregon State University, 103 Gleeson Hall, Corvallis OR 97331, USA

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Microchannel-based hemodialysis has a potential to improve survival rates and quality of life for end-stage renal disease patients compared to conventional hemodialysis technology. Characterization of hydrodynamic behavior in microchannel geometries is necessary for improving flow uniformity, a critical challenge in realizing a commercial device. A test loop was developed for measuring the impulse response of a tracer dye injected into a dialyzer test article for the purpose of developing residence time distributions (RTD) to characterize lamina design. RTD variance tended to lower for designs that are more dominated, volume-wise, by the microchannel array versus the headers. RTD results also emphasize how defect issues can significantly impact a microchannel device via discrepancies between conceptual and operational devices. A multisegmented CFD model, developed for pairing with the impulse response test loop and dialyzer, showed good agreement between visual observation of the tracer in simulations and experiments, and the shape and peak of the output profiles.

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Journal of Flow Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2011
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Áramlásos Kémiai Tudományos Társaság
Founder's
Address
H-1031 Budapest, Hungary Záhony utca 7.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2062-249X (Print)
ISSN 2063-0212 (Online)