Authors:
Ashraf A. M. R. Hiswa Hydraulic Structures and Water Resource Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kufa, Kufa, Najaf, Iraq

Search for other papers by Ashraf A. M. R. Hiswa in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2831-9502
,
Mustafa Salman Shubber Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kufa, Kufa, Najaf, Iraq

Search for other papers by Mustafa Salman Shubber in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Thaer Matlab Mezher Hydraulic Structures and Water Resource Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kufa, Kufa, Najaf, Iraq

Search for other papers by Thaer Matlab Mezher in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Open access

Abstract

The influence of utilizing waste concrete aggregates on the flexural behavior of external reinforced concrete beams has been studied. Seven mixtures were prepared for this investigation where the concrete mixtures had different waste concrete percentages and admixtures. Also, seven beams were modeled by Ansys program and the properties of the seven mixtures have been used in the models to study their effects. It was found that using waste concrete aggregates has decreased the load bearing capacity and concrete ductility. It was found that the beam bearing capacity was decreased by 10.7% when using only waste concrete. Using admixtures have enhanced the concrete properties where the load capacity of beams has been increased by 39% when using silica fume and superplasticizer and the load capacity has increased by 44.6% when multi-admixtures have been used. Besides, it was found that using additives has enhanced the beam ductility significantly.

Abstract

The influence of utilizing waste concrete aggregates on the flexural behavior of external reinforced concrete beams has been studied. Seven mixtures were prepared for this investigation where the concrete mixtures had different waste concrete percentages and admixtures. Also, seven beams were modeled by Ansys program and the properties of the seven mixtures have been used in the models to study their effects. It was found that using waste concrete aggregates has decreased the load bearing capacity and concrete ductility. It was found that the beam bearing capacity was decreased by 10.7% when using only waste concrete. Using admixtures have enhanced the concrete properties where the load capacity of beams has been increased by 39% when using silica fume and superplasticizer and the load capacity has increased by 44.6% when multi-admixtures have been used. Besides, it was found that using additives has enhanced the beam ductility significantly.

1 Introduction

Concrete reinforced with steel is considered as a high durable product that is commonly utilized in the structures. The wide expansion of buildings has led to consuming more concrete subsequently more natural materials have been exploited such as sand, gravel and stone. The consumption of these natural materials can cause sedimentation, abrasion and erosion, besides, the high energy that is utilized in the process of cement production would affect the environmental quality due to the CO2 gas resulting from it. In order to decrease the cost of concrete and the consumption of the natural materials, many methods can be applied. One of them is the use of waste materials with concrete as coarse or fine aggregates. The use of waste materials can be beneficial and has diverse effects on concrete when it is used with it [1–7]. Batayneh and Marie showed that the compressive strength of concrete can be increased when waste glass is used with concrete while waste plastics decreases the compressive strength of concrete [8]. Some studies revealed that about 20%–53% of the compressive and tensile strength of concrete has been lost when using crushed concrete from old building as coarse aggregate with new concrete [9–12]. On the other hand, the use of crushed waste concrete as aggregate with new concrete would give strength similar to the conventional concrete strength and this depends on the original waste concrete type [13]. Besides, Ghanem H. et al. have proved in their research that the ductility and flexural toughness of concrete beams have improved when using plastic sheets in the concrete of the beams [14]. Another method of decreasing the use of concrete is eliminating the concrete from tension zones of the cross section of beams. Djamaluddin has studied the flexural behavior of beam that had no concrete at tension zones (External reinforced concrete beam, ERCB) [15]. In this research the flexural behavior of ERCB has been studied by using waste concrete with multi admixture such as styrene butadiene rubber, silica fume and super plasticizers.

2 Materials and methods

  1. a.Mixture Properties and Molds: the mixture ratio of 1:2:3 (cement: fine aggregate: coarse aggregate) has been used for both reference and waste concrete aggregate mixtures. 50% and 100% replacement of coarse recycled aggregate has been used instead of normal gravel. The w/c ratio was 0.42 for the reference mixture and then decreased to 0.3 for mixtures containing super plasticizer and styrene butadiene rubber liquid. In improved mixtures, 10% silica fume by weight of cement was used, super plasticizer was used as 1 L for each 100 kg of cement, and SBR was used as admixture of 5% by weight of cement. 100 × 100 × 100 mm cubes have been utilized, 3 for each test of compressive strength, and 100 × 200 mm cylinders for tensile strength test as splitting test. 100 × 100 × 400 mm beams have been utilized for flexural strength test.
  2. b.Materials: the properties of the fine and coarse aggregates were listed in Fig. 1 and Tables 13 where fine aggregates confirming zone 3 were utilized in all mixtures. The maximum size of gravel and for crushed waste concrete was specified by 10 mm for all mixtures. Super plasticizer of type IWP was utilized in improved mixtures. Silica fume with 2.2 specific gravity and grey color besides SBR liquid polymer with 1.1 specific gravity and white color were adopted in the mixtures.
  3. c.Specimens: In order to examine the effect of using waste concrete on the flexural behavior of ERCB, seven beams have been modeled in Ansys program software and then loaded till failure to study their behavior under loading. The properties of beams that Djamaluddin used in his research in 2013 have been adopted in this research where he has tested three normal beams with 2,700 mm in length and 200 × 150 mm as a cross section and he also has tested three ERCB with the same length and cross section of the normal beams with no concrete at the tension zone as illustrated in Fig. (2b and d). Reinforcement steel bars have been used in tension zone and steel stirrups have been used as shear reinforcement to avoid shear failure. Before modeling the seven models of this research, the tested ERCB in Djamaluddin research has been modeled and loaded then its results compared to the laboratory results obtained from Djamaluddin to validate the theoretical program. Figure 2 illustrates the specimens for normal and ERBC beams.
  4. d.Testing Procedure: After 28 days of curing, the cubic specimens have been tested to find the compressive strength by taking the average strength for the three specimens for each mixture type. The tensile strength was specified by using indirect test method and then by using Equation (1) below. The flexural strength was using four points load test and Equation (2) was applied. Figure 3 illustrates the four points load test and Fig. 4 illustrates the compression test.
    Ft=2P/π.D.L..
    Fb=P.L/b.d2..

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Particle size distribution curve

Citation: International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering 15, 1; 10.1556/1848.2023.00640

Table 1.

Fine aggregates sieve analysis confirm Indian Standards IS-383 zone 3

Sieve size% passing by weightZone 1Zone 2Zone 3Zone 4
10 mm100100%100%100%100%
4.75 mm98.790–10090–10090–10095–100
2.36 mm91.160–9575–10085–10095–100
1.18 mm80.330–7055–9075–10090–100
600 μm61.215–3435–5960–7980–100
300 μm33.35–208–3012–4015–50
150 μm9.30–00–100–100–15
Table 2.

Sieve analysis of normal coarse aggregates confirming 10 mm maximum size, IS-383 Indian specification

Sieve size, mm% passing% passing by weight, IS-383 Standards specifications
12.5 mm100100
10 mm90.885–100
4.75 mm13.60–20
2.363.70–5
Table 3.

Sieve analysis of waste coarse aggregates confirming 10 mm maximum size, Indian Standards, IS-383

Sieve size, mm% passing% passing by weight, IS-383 specifications
12.5 mm100100
10 mm89.385–100
4.75 mm13.10–20
2.363.50–5
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Details of specimens

Citation: International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering 15, 1; 10.1556/1848.2023.00640

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Four points load test

Citation: International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering 15, 1; 10.1556/1848.2023.00640

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Compression test

Citation: International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering 15, 1; 10.1556/1848.2023.00640

3 Results

The results obtained from testing the concrete cubes and cylinders have been used to find the concrete properties of the different mixture types then these properties have been used in Ansys program to examine the flexural behavior of external reinforced concrete beams by using waste concrete. Table 4 contains the obtained concrete properties.

Table 4.

Testing results

Mix. No.Mixture propertiesTesting results
Compressive strength (Mpa)Modulus of elasticity (Mpa)Tensile strength (Mpa)Flexural strength (Mpa)
Ref. Mix.Reference mixture (Normal aggregate)34.8327,7382.212.87
Mix. 1Using waste aggregate as 50% replacement of whole aggregate, without additives32.0726,6161.822.72
Mix. 2Using waste aggregate as 50% replacement of whole aggregate with silica fume, and superplasticizer48.8032,5903.375.47
Mix. 3Using waste aggregate as 50% replacement of whole aggregate, and adding multi additives50.1233,2744.528.65
Mix. 4Using waste aggregate as 100% replacement of whole aggregate, without additives30.2025,8291.802.54
Mix. 5Using waste aggregate as 100% replacement of whole aggregate with silica fume, and superplasticizer46.632,0843.245.33
Mix. 6Using waste aggregate as 100% replacement of whole aggregate, and adding multi additives47.8032,4954.657.71

4 Discussion

The tested external reinforced concrete beam in Djamaluddin's research has been modeled in Ansys program by using the same concrete properties and loaded till failure then compared to the results obtained from Djamaluddin's laboratory work. Table 5 contains the validation results.

Table 5.

Validation results

Compressive strength (Mpa)Modulus of elasticity (Mpa)Beam load (kN)Mid-beam deflection (mm)
Lab. results from Djamaluddin2524,80024.515.5
Ansys results2524,80024.515

After the theoretical model has been validated, the concrete properties in Table 4 were used in Ansys program to model the beams then to examine their behavior. Figure 5 illustrates the relationship between the load and the deflection for the Ansys models.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Load – Deflection for Ansys models

Citation: International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering 15, 1; 10.1556/1848.2023.00640

By looking at testing results in Table 4, an increase can be noticed in concrete compression, tensile and flexural strengths when using additives with the mixture. This enhancement in concrete properties may be attributed to the effect of the additives on the concrete properties where using superplasticizer and SBR liquid polymer lower the water demand and silica fume leads the mixture component to be denser [16, 17]. By examining Fig. 4, it can be seen that using waste concrete aggregate as 50% and 100% replacement instead of normal aggregate without any additives decreased the bearing capacity of the beam by 3.6% and 10.7% respectively, less than the normal beam which has normal aggregate only. Besides, the failure beam deflection was less than the normal beam which means that using waste concrete aggregate decreases the beam ductility specially when replacing all normal aggregate with waste concrete aggregate. This decrease in ductility may be attributed to the small values of tensile strength of the concrete of these two mixtures. This decrease has influenced the concrete behavior under tension negatively by increasing the concrete cracks which led to speeding up the failure.

Adding silica fume and superplasticizer to the concrete mixture has enhanced both the bearing capacity of the beam and the beam ductility when waste concrete aggregate has been used. It is obviously clear that using 50% and 100% of waste concrete aggregate instead of normal aggregate has increased the bearing capacity of the beam by 39.3% and 34.3% respectively. Besides, both beam models have failed at high value of deflection in comparison to the deflection failure of the normal model. All of the testing values for the concrete mixture were high in comparison with the normal mixture which resulted in enhanced behavior of the beam model as mentioned earlier.

The other two beam models had properties of the mixture with multi admixture. These two models had also high values of both bearing capacity and failure deflection. It can be noticed that beam bearing capacity has increased with 44.6% and 37.1% when 50% and 100% of waste concrete aggregate has been used instead of normal aggregate respectively. Although, the flexural strength of the mixture used in these two models were the highest in comparison with the others, the beam behavior was not different from other models as much as the flexural strength differed. This point gives an overview on how the concrete properties affect the beam behavior.

5 Conclusions

In this research, the effects of using waste concrete as aggregates on the behavior of external reinforced concrete beam have been studied. It was found that when using waste concrete aggregate as 50% replacement from normal aggregate, the tensile and flexural strengths of concrete have been decreased and consequently the load bearing capacity of the beam decreased by 3.5% besides the beam behavior showing less ductility. Adding silica fume and superplasticizer has increased the beam load capacity with a ratio of 39% and enhanced the beam ductility. The maximum increase in the load beam capacity was 44.6% when multi-admixtures have been used with this mixture. Replacing all normal aggregate with waste concrete for the concrete has decreased the tensile and flexural strengths of concrete more than using waste concrete as 50% replacement from normal aggregate and the load bearing capacity of the beam decreased by 10.7%. Using silica fume and superplasticizer has increased the load bearing capacity of the beam by 34.3% while it was 37.1% when multi-admixtures have been used with concrete and also the tensile and flexural strengths of concrete have been increased with different percentages which resulted in more beam bearing capacity and more ductility.

References

  • [1]

    S. Qaidi, H. M. Najm, S. M. Abed, Y. O. Özkılıç, H. Al Dughaishi, M. Alosta, M. M. S. Sabri, F. Alkhatib, and A. Milad, “Concrete containing waste glass as an environmentally friendly aggregate: a review on fresh and mechanical characteristics,” Materials, vol. 15, no. 18, p. 6222, Sep. 2022. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15186222.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [2]

    Ç. A. İhsan, Y. O. Özkılıç, Ö. Zeybek, N. Özdöner, and B. A. Tayeh, “Performance assessment of fiber-reinforced concrete produced with waste lathe fibers,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 19, 2022, Art no. 11817.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [3]

    M. Karalar, Y. O. Özkılıç, A. F. Deifalla, C. Aksoylu, M. H. Arslan, M. Ahmad, and M. M. S. Sabri, “Improvement in bending performance of reinforced concrete beams produced with waste lathe scraps,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 19, 2022, Art no. 12660.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [4]

    C. Aksoylu, Y. O. Özkılıç, M. H. Nyarko, E. Işık, and M. H. Arslan, “Investigation on improvement in shear performance of reinforced-concrete beams produced with recycled steel wires from waste tires,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 20, 2022, Art no. 13360.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [5]

    M. Karalar, T. Bilir, M. Çavuşlu, Y. O. Özkiliç, and M. M. S. Sabri, “Use of recycled coal bottom ash in reinforced concrete beams as replacement for aggregate,” Front. Mater., vol. 9, 2022, Art no. 1064604.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [6]

    M. Machaka, J. M. Khatib, A. Elkordi, H. Ghanem, and O. Baalbaki, “Selected properties of concrete containing municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash (MSWI-BA),” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5), London, UK. 2019.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [7]

    O. Baalbaki, A. Elkordi, H. Ghanem, M. Machaka, and J. M. Khatib, “Properties of concrete made of fine aggregates partially replaced by incinerated municipal solid waste bottom ash,” AJCE, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 532538, Jun. 2019.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [8]

    M. Batayneh, I. Marie, and I. Asi, “Use of selected waste materials in concrete mixes,” Waste Manag., vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 18701876, 2007.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [9]

    M. D. S. Hole, Used Concrete Recycled as Aggregate for New Concrete. Diss. Universitat Politècnica de València, 2013.

  • [10]

    M. A. Rasol, “Effect of silica fume on concrete properties and advantages for Kurdistan region, Iraq,” Int. J. Scientific & Eng. Res., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 170173, 2015.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [11]

    S. R. Bothra and Y. M. Ghugal, “Polymer-Modified concrete,” Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol., vol. 4, pp. 845848, 2015.

  • [12]

    H. J. Mohammed, and O. K. Aayeel, “Flexural behavior of reinforced concrete beams containing recycled expandable polystyrene particles,” J. Building Eng., vol. 32, p. 101805, 2020.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [13]

    T.R. Sonawane, and S.S. Pimplikar, “Use of recycled aggregate concrete,” IOSR J. Mech. Civil Eng., vol. 52, no. 59, 2013.

  • [14]

    H. Ghanem, S. Chahal, J. Khatib, and A. Elkordi, “Flexural behavior of concrete beams reinforced with recycled plastic mesh,” Buildings, vol. 12, no. 12, p. 2085, 2022.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [15]

    R. Djamaluddin, “Flexural behaviour of external reinforced concrete beams,” Proced. Eng., vol. 54, pp. 252260, 2013.

  • [16]

    M. Mazloom, A. Soltani, M. Karamloo, A. Hassanloo, and A. Ranjbar, “Effects of silica fume, superplasticizer dosage and type of superplasticizer on the properties of normal and self-compacting concrete,” Adv. Mater. Res., vol. 7, no. 1, p. 45, 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [17]

    X. Li, R. Liu, S. Li, C. Zhang, J. Li, B. Cheng, Y. Liu, C. Ma, and J. Yan, “Effect of SBR and XSBRL on water demand, mechanical strength and microstructure of cement paste,” Construct. Building Mater., vol. 332, 2022, Art no. 127309.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [1]

    S. Qaidi, H. M. Najm, S. M. Abed, Y. O. Özkılıç, H. Al Dughaishi, M. Alosta, M. M. S. Sabri, F. Alkhatib, and A. Milad, “Concrete containing waste glass as an environmentally friendly aggregate: a review on fresh and mechanical characteristics,” Materials, vol. 15, no. 18, p. 6222, Sep. 2022. Available: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15186222.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [2]

    Ç. A. İhsan, Y. O. Özkılıç, Ö. Zeybek, N. Özdöner, and B. A. Tayeh, “Performance assessment of fiber-reinforced concrete produced with waste lathe fibers,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 19, 2022, Art no. 11817.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [3]

    M. Karalar, Y. O. Özkılıç, A. F. Deifalla, C. Aksoylu, M. H. Arslan, M. Ahmad, and M. M. S. Sabri, “Improvement in bending performance of reinforced concrete beams produced with waste lathe scraps,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 19, 2022, Art no. 12660.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [4]

    C. Aksoylu, Y. O. Özkılıç, M. H. Nyarko, E. Işık, and M. H. Arslan, “Investigation on improvement in shear performance of reinforced-concrete beams produced with recycled steel wires from waste tires,” Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 20, 2022, Art no. 13360.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [5]

    M. Karalar, T. Bilir, M. Çavuşlu, Y. O. Özkiliç, and M. M. S. Sabri, “Use of recycled coal bottom ash in reinforced concrete beams as replacement for aggregate,” Front. Mater., vol. 9, 2022, Art no. 1064604.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [6]

    M. Machaka, J. M. Khatib, A. Elkordi, H. Ghanem, and O. Baalbaki, “Selected properties of concrete containing municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash (MSWI-BA),” Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies (SCMT5), London, UK. 2019.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [7]

    O. Baalbaki, A. Elkordi, H. Ghanem, M. Machaka, and J. M. Khatib, “Properties of concrete made of fine aggregates partially replaced by incinerated municipal solid waste bottom ash,” AJCE, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 532538, Jun. 2019.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [8]

    M. Batayneh, I. Marie, and I. Asi, “Use of selected waste materials in concrete mixes,” Waste Manag., vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 18701876, 2007.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [9]

    M. D. S. Hole, Used Concrete Recycled as Aggregate for New Concrete. Diss. Universitat Politècnica de València, 2013.

  • [10]

    M. A. Rasol, “Effect of silica fume on concrete properties and advantages for Kurdistan region, Iraq,” Int. J. Scientific & Eng. Res., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 170173, 2015.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [11]

    S. R. Bothra and Y. M. Ghugal, “Polymer-Modified concrete,” Int. J. Res. Eng. Technol., vol. 4, pp. 845848, 2015.

  • [12]

    H. J. Mohammed, and O. K. Aayeel, “Flexural behavior of reinforced concrete beams containing recycled expandable polystyrene particles,” J. Building Eng., vol. 32, p. 101805, 2020.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [13]

    T.R. Sonawane, and S.S. Pimplikar, “Use of recycled aggregate concrete,” IOSR J. Mech. Civil Eng., vol. 52, no. 59, 2013.

  • [14]

    H. Ghanem, S. Chahal, J. Khatib, and A. Elkordi, “Flexural behavior of concrete beams reinforced with recycled plastic mesh,” Buildings, vol. 12, no. 12, p. 2085, 2022.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [15]

    R. Djamaluddin, “Flexural behaviour of external reinforced concrete beams,” Proced. Eng., vol. 54, pp. 252260, 2013.

  • [16]

    M. Mazloom, A. Soltani, M. Karamloo, A. Hassanloo, and A. Ranjbar, “Effects of silica fume, superplasticizer dosage and type of superplasticizer on the properties of normal and self-compacting concrete,” Adv. Mater. Res., vol. 7, no. 1, p. 45, 2018.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [17]

    X. Li, R. Liu, S. Li, C. Zhang, J. Li, B. Cheng, Y. Liu, C. Ma, and J. Yan, “Effect of SBR and XSBRL on water demand, mechanical strength and microstructure of cement paste,” Construct. Building Mater., vol. 332, 2022, Art no. 127309.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collapse
  • Expand
The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.
Submit Your Manuscript
 

Senior editors

Editor-in-Chief: Ákos, Lakatos University of Debrecen (Hungary)

Founder, former Editor-in-Chief (2011-2020): Ferenc Kalmár University of Debrecen (Hungary)

Founding Editor: György Csomós University of Debrecen (Hungary)

Associate Editor: Derek Clements Croome University of Reading (UK)

Associate Editor: Dezső Beke University of Debrecen (Hungary)

Editorial Board

  • Mohammad Nazir AHMAD Institute of Visual Informatics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Malaysia

    Murat BAKIROV Center for Materials and Lifetime Management Ltd. Moscow Russia

    Nicolae BALC Technical University of Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca Romania

    Umberto BERARDI Ryerson University Toronto Canada

    Ildikó BODNÁR University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Sándor BODZÁS University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Fatih Mehmet BOTSALI Selçuk University Konya Turkey

    Samuel BRUNNER Empa Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

    István BUDAI University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Constantin BUNGAU University of Oradea Oradea Romania

    Shanshan CAI Huazhong University of Science and Technology Wuhan China

    Michele De CARLI University of Padua Padua Italy

    Robert CERNY Czech Technical University in Prague Czech Republic

    György CSOMÓS University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Tamás CSOKNYAI Budapest University of Technology and Economics Budapest Hungary

    Eugen Ioan GERGELY University of Oradea Oradea Romania

    József FINTA University of Pécs Pécs Hungary

    Anna FORMICA IASI National Research Council Rome

    Alexandru GACSADI University of Oradea Oradea Romania

    Eric A. GRULKE University of Kentucky Lexington United States

    Janez GRUM University of Ljubljana Ljubljana Slovenia

    Géza HUSI University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Ghaleb A. HUSSEINI American University of Sharjah Sharjah United Arab Emirates

    Nikolay IVANOV Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University St. Petersburg Russia

    Antal JÁRAI Eötvös Loránd University Budapest Hungary

    Gudni JÓHANNESSON The National Energy Authority of Iceland Reykjavik Iceland

    László KAJTÁR Budapest University of Technology and Economics Budapest Hungary

    Ferenc KALMÁR University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Tünde KALMÁR University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Milos KALOUSEK Brno University of Technology Brno Czech Republik

    Jan KOCI Czech Technical University in Prague Prague Czech Republic

    Vaclav KOCI Czech Technical University in Prague Prague Czech Republic

    Imra KOCSIS University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Imre KOVÁCS University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Angela Daniela LA ROSA Norwegian University of Science and Technology

    Éva LOVRA Univeqrsity of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Elena LUCCHI Eurac Research, Institute for Renewable Energy Bolzano Italy

    Tamás MANKOVITS University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Igor MEDVED Slovak Technical University in Bratislava Bratislava Slovakia

    Ligia MOGA Technical University of Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca Romania

    Marco MOLINARI Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm Sweden

    Henrieta MORAVCIKOVA Slovak Academy of Sciences Bratislava Slovakia

    Phalguni MUKHOPHADYAYA University of Victoria Victoria Canada

    Balázs NAGY Budapest University of Technology and Economics Budapest Hungary

    Husam S. NAJM Rutgers University New Brunswick United States

    Jozsef NYERS Subotica Tech College of Applied Sciences Subotica Serbia

    Bjarne W. OLESEN Technical University of Denmark Lyngby Denmark

    Stefan ONIGA North University of Baia Mare Baia Mare Romania

    Joaquim Norberto PIRES Universidade de Coimbra Coimbra Portugal

    László POKORÁDI Óbuda University Budapest Hungary

    Antal PUHL (1950–2023) University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Roman RABENSEIFER Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava Bratislava Slovak Republik

    Mohammad H. A. SALAH Hashemite University Zarqua Jordan

    Dietrich SCHMIDT Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology IWES Kassel Germany

    Lorand SZABÓ Technical University of Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca Romania

    Csaba SZÁSZ Technical University of Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca Romania

    Ioan SZÁVA Transylvania University of Brasov Brasov Romania

    Péter SZEMES University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Edit SZŰCS University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Radu TARCA University of Oradea Oradea Romania

    Zsolt TIBA University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    László TÓTH University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    László TÖRÖK University of Debrecen Debrecen Hungary

    Anton TRNIK Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra Nitra Slovakia

    Ibrahim UZMAY Erciyes University Kayseri Turkey

    Tibor VESSELÉNYI University of Oradea Oradea Romania

    Nalinaksh S. VYAS Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur India

    Deborah WHITE The University of Adelaide Adelaide Australia

International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Address of the institute: Faculty of Engineering, University of Debrecen
H-4028 Debrecen, Ótemető u. 2-4. Hungary
Email: irase@eng.unideb.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • DOAJ
  • ERIH PLUS
  • Google Scholar
  • ProQuest
  • SCOPUS
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory

 

2022  
Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
9
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.235
Scimago Quartile Score Architecture (Q2)
Engineering (miscellaneous) (Q3)
Environmental Engineering (Q3)
Information Systems (Q4)
Management Science and Operations Research (Q4)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) Q3)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1.6
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Architecture 46/170 (73rd PCTL)
General Engineering 174/302 (42nd PCTL)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) 93/150 (38th PCTL)
Environmental Engineering 123/184 (33rd PCTL)
Management Science and Operations Research 142/198 (28th PCTL)
Information Systems 281/379 (25th PCTL)
 
Scopus
SNIP
0.686

2021  
Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
7
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,199
Scimago Quartile Score Engineering (miscellaneous) (Q3)
Environmental Engineering (Q4)
Information Systems (Q4)
Management Science and Operations Research (Q4)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) (Q4)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1,2
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Architecture 48/149 (Q2)
General Engineering 186/300 (Q3)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) 79/124 (Q3)
Environmental Engineering 118/173 (Q3)
Management Science and Operations Research 141/184 (Q4)
Information Systems 274/353 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,457

2020  
Scimago
H-index
5
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,165
Scimago
Quartile Score
Engineering (miscellaneous) Q3
Environmental Engineering Q4
Information Systems Q4
Management Science and Operations Research Q4
Materials Science (miscellaneous) Q4
Scopus
Cite Score
102/116=0,9
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
General Engineering 205/297 (Q3)
Environmental Engineering 107/146 (Q3)
Information Systems 269/329 (Q4)
Management Science and Operations Research 139/166 (Q4)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) 64/98 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,26
Scopus
Cites
57
Scopus
Documents
36
Days from submission to acceptance 84
Days from acceptance to publication 348
Acceptance
Rate

23%

 

2019  
Scimago
H-index
4
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,229
Scimago
Quartile Score
Engineering (miscellaneous) Q2
Environmental Engineering Q3
Information Systems Q3
Management Science and Operations Research Q4
Materials Science (miscellaneous) Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
46/81=0,6
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
General Engineering 227/299 (Q4)
Environmental Engineering 107/132 (Q4)
Information Systems 259/300 (Q4)
Management Science and Operations Research 136/161 (Q4)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) 60/86 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,866
Scopus
Cites
35
Scopus
Documents
47
Acceptance
Rate
21%

 

International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Publication Model Gold Open Access
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 1100 EUR/article
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Limited number of full waiver available. Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription Information Gold Open Access

International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2010
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
3
Founder Debreceni Egyetem
Founder's
Address
H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary Egyetem tér 1
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2062-0810 (Print)
ISSN 2063-4269 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Nov 2023 0 27 13
Dec 2023 0 401 13
Jan 2024 0 197 30
Feb 2024 0 344 25
Mar 2024 0 57 12
Apr 2024 0 25 16
May 2024 0 0 0