View More View Less
  • 1 Slovak University of Technology, Radlinského 11, 810 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
Open access

Adaptive solar shading systems have in comparison with the traditional systems of shading increased potential ability to improve the quality of the indoor environment and to increase the energy performance of buildings. Their extension allows all-around technological progress, but also the extensive application of large-scale glazing in building envelopes almost in all climatic regions. The literature review shows that the characteristics of the individual adaptive shading systems differ. Some have better performance in the sun protection or in improving the building's energy balance; others for example are better in glare elimination or in redistribution of daylight. The main purpose of this contribution is to provide a classification of the adaptive solar shading systems. In the article are compared merits and shortcomings of adaptive shading systems and are shortly analyzed assumptions of their wider application in central European climate conditions. Attention is also given to advantages and disadvantages, which brings the application of some kinds of adaptive solar shading systems. Several examples of adaptive shading systems are shown and briefly characterized.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1]

    Schleicher S. , Lienhard J., Poppinga S., Masselter T., Speck T., Knippers J. (2011), Adaptive facade shading systems inspired by natural elastic kinematics. Proceedings of the International Adaptive Architecture Conference Building Centre, London, March 2011. pp. 112.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [2]

    Nielsen M. V. , Svendsen S., Jensen L. B. (2011), Quantifying the potential of automated dynamic solar shading in office buildings through integrated simulations of energy and daylight. Solar Energy, 85(5), 757768.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [3]

    Loonen R. , Trcka M., Cóstola D., Hensen J. (2013), Climate adaptive building shells: State-of-the-art and future challenges. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 25, 483493.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [4]

    Shen H. , Tzempelikos A., Atzeri A. M., Gasparella A. (2015), Dynamic commercial facades versus traditional construction: Energy performance and comparative analysis. Journal of Energy Engineering, 141(4), 04014041.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [5]

    Fiorito F. , Sauchelli M., Arroyo D., Pesenti M., Imperadori M., Masera G., Ranzi G. (2016), Shape morphing solar shadings: A review. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 55, 863884.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [6]

    Barozzi M. , Lienhard J., Zanelli A., Monticelli C. (2016), The sustainability of adaptive envelopes: developments of kinetic architecture. Procedia Engineering, 155, 275284.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [7]

    Cecchi M. , Naticchia B., Carbonari A. (2014), Development of a first prototype of a liquid-shaded dynamic glazef facade for buildings. Procedia Engineering, 85, 94103.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [8]

    Dakheel J. A. , Aoul K. T. (2017), Review building applications, opportunities and challenges of active shading systems: A state-of-the-art review. Energies, 10(10), 1672, 32 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [9]

    Nagy Z. , Svetozarevic B., Jayathissa P., Begle M., Hofer J., Lydon G., Willmann A., Schlueter A. (2016), The adaptive solar facade: From concept to prototypes. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 5(2), 143156.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [10]

    Aelenei D. , Aelenei L., Vieira C. P. (2016), Adaptive facade: concept, applications, research questions. Energy Procedia, 91, 269275.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [11]

    Smart glass, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smart_glass, retrieved: July 17, 2018

  • [12]

    Drozdowski Z. , Gupta S. (2009), Adaptive fritting as case exploration for adaptivity in architecture. Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA), pp. 105109.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [13]

    Lamontagne B. , Barrios P., Py Ch., Nikumb S. (2009), The next generation of switchable glass: the micro-blinds. Proceedings of Glass Performance Days Conference, 11–12 June, 2009, Tampere, Finland, pp. 637639.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [14]

    Elnokaly A. , Keeling I. (2016), An empirical study investigating the impact of micro-algal technologies and their application within intelligent building fabrics. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 216, 712723.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • [15]

    Cooling concepts (2013), Alternatives to air conditioning for a warm world. Environmental Health Perspectives, 121(1), A19A25.

  • [16]

    Murray S. (2009), Contemporary curtain walls architecture. New York: Princenton Architectural Press.

  • [17]

    Balascakova P. , Comes J., Veloso M., Hermánková P., Luca A., Tramblin L. R-M., Sirotnjak M., Álvarez B. T. (2016), Energy Design Vol. IV/I – Adaptive Facade Systems. Institute of Buildings and Energy (IGE), Graz University of Technology, 107 p.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation