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  • 1 Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Health Sciences Ogbomoso PMB 4000 Nigeria
  • 2 University of Ibadan Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology Ibadan Oyo Nigeria
  • 3 LAUTECH Teaching Hospital Department of Medical Microbiology, Research Laboratory Osogbo Nigeria
  • 4 Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Health Sciences Ogbomoso PMB 4000 Nigeria

Vaginal infections in pregnancy are associated with considerable discomfort and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm delivery, low birth weight and increased infant mortality and also predisposition to HIV/AIDS. This study evaluated the prevalence and factors associated with vulvovaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis among women attending antenatal clinic at a hospital in Nigeria. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered and high vaginal swab samples were obtained from consenting pregnant women. The samples were processed following standard protocols. The prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis was 36%, while those of trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis were 2% and 38%, respectively. Infections were higher in the third trimester and many women admitted to practices that increase risk of these infections. Significant association was found between recent intake of antibiotics and vaginal candidiasis, same association was also found with bacterial vaginosis. Adequate investigation and prompt treatment will reduce the morbidity and attendant effects of these prevalent infections on mother and fetus.

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