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  • 1 Juárez University of Durango State Biomedical Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Nutrition Avenida Universidad S/N 34000 Durango Dgo Mexico
  • 2 Comité Estatal de Fomento y Protección Pecuaria La Paz Baja California Sur Mexico
  • 3 Charité Medical School Institute for Microbiology and Hygiene, Campus Benjamin Franklin Hindenburgdamm 27 D-12203 Berlin Germany
  • 4 Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center Building 1001 Beltsville MD 20705-2350 USA
Open access

We performed a cross-sectional study to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in 308 domestic pigs slaughtered in La Paz, Baja California Sur State, Mexico using the modified agglutination test (MAT, cut off 1:25). Forty (13%) of the 308 pigs were seropositive with MAT titers of 1:25 in 16, 1:50 in 5, 1:100 in 4, 1:200 in 5, 1:400 in 3, 1:800 in 3, 1:1600 in 2, and 1:3200 in 2. Multivariate analysis of pigs’ characteristics showed that seropositivity to T. gondii was negatively associated with mixed breed (OR = 0.02; 95% CI: 0.003–0.26; P = 0.001). Other variables including sex, type of raising, and municipality did not show an association with T. gondii seropositivity by multivariate analysis. The frequency of high antibody titers (≥1:400) was significantly higher (P < 0.001) in Landrace pigs than mixed breed pigs. The seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in pigs for slaughter in Baja California Sur State is low compared with seroprevalences reported in pigs in other Mexican states. Landrace pigs demonstrated higher seroprevalence rates and antibody levels than mixed breed pigs. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in pigs raised in a desert climate.

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