View More View Less
  • 1 Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Bochum, Germany
  • 2 International Centre for the Study of Occupational and Mental Health, Düsseldorf, Germany
Full access

Abstract

Background and aims: This study investigated the role of self-regulation competencies in general and specifically in a food-related context for the control of body weight in a three-year weight loss program. Methods: The sample consisted of 30 male and female adolescents (age range: 11–18 years) who participated in a three-year therapy program for severe obesity (mean BMI at the beginning of the intervention was 33.6). Assessment of self-regulation competencies was conducted at three different stages (1st–3rd graduation/class year). Therefore, three independent groups of adolescents (N = 10) at these different stages were tested (initial-to final-stage of therapy). At the time of testing the BMI of these groups significantly differed from 38.8 to 28.7. Analyses of covariance were performed to determine whether the adolescents also differed in self-regulation skills like “resistance to temptation” and food-related Stroop interference along with ameliorating their energy-balance regulation. Results: In addition to the main effects of age and body mass index, adolescents further displayed significant improvements of executive functions with respect to resistance to temptation and inhibition. Conclusions: Interventions aimed at enhancing energy-balance regulation in adolescents may further benefit from efforts to facilitate executive functions such as self-regulation and food-related cognitive inhibition.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • J. Allen M. Johnston N. Campbell 2008 Why do people fail to turn good intentions into action? The role of executive control processes in the translation of healthy eating intentions into action in young Scottish adults BMC Public Health 8 123.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • P. Anderson 2002 Assessment and development of executive function (EF) during childhood Child Neuropsychology 8 71 82.

  • B. M. Appelhans 2009 Neurobehavioral inhibition of reward-driven feeding: implications for dieting and obesity Obesity 17 640 647.

  • N. Baumann J. Kuhl 2005 How to resist temptation: The effects of external control versus autonomy support on self-regulatory dynamics Journal of Personality 73 2 443 470.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Beringer 1999 Experimental run time system (Version 3.05) BeriSoft Cooperation Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

  • C. Braet G. Crombez 2003 Cognitive interference due to food cues in childhood obesity Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 32 1 81 93.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • C. Braet I. Mervielde W. Vandereycken 1997 Psychological aspects of childhood obesity: A controlled study in a clinical and nonclinical sample Journal of Pediatric Psychology 22 1 59 71.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • K. C. Brocki G. Bohlin 2004 Executive functions in children aged 6–13: A dimensional and developmental study Developmental Neuropsychology 26 571 593.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • B. J. Casey J. N. Giedd K. M. Thomas 2000 Structural and functional brain development and its relation to cognitive development Biological Psychology 54 1–3 241 257.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CDC (2010) Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity. US Centre for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/Features/Obesity AndKids.

  • A. Chen-Stute D. Eiserloh-Lückner 2007 Auch Ihr Kind kann abnehmen Oberstebrink Ratingen.

  • A. Chen-Stute M. Pinnow S. Kopczinski A. Huttner H. Hauner 2009 T.O.M. (Therapie der Obesitas mit Motivation) — Ein dreijähriges, ambulantes Therapieprogramm für adipöse Kinder und Jugendliche Adipositas 1 27 32.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M. J. Cooper C. G. Fairburn 1992 Selective processing of eating, weight and shape related words in patients with eating disorders and dieters The British Journal of Clinical Psychology 31 363 365.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • W. M. Cox J. S. Fadardi E. M. Pothos 2006 The addiction-Stroop test: Theoretical considerations and procedural recommendations Psychological Bulletin 132 443 476.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. E. Dahl 2001 Affect regulation, brain development, and behavioral/emotional health in adolescence CNS Spectrums 6 1 60 72.

  • S. Forstmeier H. Rüddel 2007 Improving volitional competence is crucial for the efficacy of psychosomatic therapy: A controlled clinical trial Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 76 89 96.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • L. A. Francis E. J. Susman 2009 Self-regulation and rapid weight gain in children from age 3 to 12 years Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 163 4 297 302.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. Fuhrmann J. Kuhl 1998 Maintaining a healthy diet: Effects of personality and self-reward versus self-punishment on commitment to and enactment of self-chosen and assigned goals Psychology and Health 13 651 686.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • P. Haggard 2008 Human volition: Towards a neuroscience of will Nature Reviews / Neuroscience 9 934 946.

  • E. T. Higgins 1998 Promotion and prevention: Regulatory focus as a motivational principle M. P. Zanna Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 30 Academic Press New York 1 46.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. C. Israel C. A. Guile J. E. Baker W. K. Silverman 1994 An evaluation of enhanced self-regulation training in the treatment of childhood obesity Journal of Pediatric Psychology 19 6 737 749.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M. H. Jones-Chesters S. Monsell P. J. Cooper 1998 The disorder-salient stroop effect as a measure of psychopathology in eating disorders International Journal of Eating Disorders 24 1 65 82.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • F. H. Kanfer H. Reinecker D. Schmelzer 2006 Selbstmanagement-Therapie. Ein Lehrbuch für die klinische Praxis Springer Berlin.

  • J. Kuhl 1996 Wille und Freiheitserleben: Formen der Selbststeuerung J. Kuhl H. Heckhausen Enzyklopädie der Psychologie, Serie Motivation und Emotion (Vol. 4: Motivation, Volition und Handlung) Hogrefe Göttingen 665 765.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Kuhl 2000 A functional-design approach to motivation and self-regulation: The dynamics of personality systems interaction M. Boekaerts P. R. Pintrich M. Zeidner Handbook of self-regulation Academic Press San Diego 11 169.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Kuhl 2000 The volitional basis of personality systems interaction theory: Applications in learning and treatment contexts International Journal of Educational Research 33 665 703.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Kuhl 2001 Motivation und Persönlichkeit. Interaktionen psychischer Systeme Hogrefe Göttingen.

  • J. Kuhl K. Kraska 1992 Der Selbstregulations-und-Konzentrationstest für Kinder (SRKT-K) Hogrefe Göttingen.

  • C. G. Long C. Hinton N. K. Gillespie 1994 Selective processing of food and body size words: Application of the Stroop Test with obese restrained eaters, anorexics, and normals International Journal of Eating Disorders 15 2 279 283.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • B. Luna J. A. Sweeney 2001 Studies of brain and cognitive maturation through childhood and adolescence: A strategy for testing neuro-developmental hypotheses Schizophrenia Bulletin 27 3 443 455.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • W. T. McReynolds 1976 Behavior therapy for obesity: Another fad or a new set of facts? The Nebraska Medical Journal 61 8 289 290.

  • J. Metcalfe W. Mischel 1999 A hot/cool system analysis of delay of gratification: Dynamics of willpower Psychological Review 106 3 19.

  • K. Mogg A. Mathews J. Weinman 1989 Selective processing of threat cues in anxiety states: A replication Behaviour Research and Therapy 27 4 317 323.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • C. Nederkoorn E. Jansen S. Mulkens A. Jansen 2006 Impulsivity predicts treatment outcome in obese children Behavior Research and Therapy 45 1071 1075.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Overduin A. Jansen E. Lowerse 1995 Stroop interference and food intake International Journal of Eating Disorders 18 3 277 285.

  • U. Pauli-Pott O. Albayrak J. Hebebrand W. Pott 2009 Does inhibitory control capacity in overweight and obese children and adolescents predict success in a weight-reduction program? European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 19 135 141.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. S. Pine J. Grun E. A. Maguire N. Burgess E. Zarahn V. Koda 2000 Neuro-developmental aspects of spatial navigation: A virtual reality fMRI study Neuroimage 15 2 396 406.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • T. Reinehr M. Kersting C. Chahda U. Damschen M. Dobe G. Bürk 2001 Ambulante Schulung “Obeldicks“ für adipöse Kinder und Jugendliche Kinder- und Jugendmedizin 82 26 33.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • C. B. Romine C. R. Reynolds 2005 A model of the development of frontal lobe functioning: Findings from a meta-analysis Applied Neuropsychology 12 4 190 201.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • T. Schulz D. Liebing 1991 Farbe-Wort-Interferenz unter Bedingungen vergleichbarer Kompatibilität: Evidenz für zwei Interferenzquellen Zeitschrift für experimentelle und angewandte Psychologie 38 648 668.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. R. Stroop 1935 Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 643 662.

  • K. Tapper E. M. Pothos J. S. Fadardi E. Ziori 2008 Restraint, disinhibition and food-related processing bias Appetite 51 2 335 338.

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Final review, Healthy People 2010: Nutrition and overweight. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hpdata2010/hp2010_final_review_focus_area_19.pdf.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M. K. Walker D. I. Ben-Tovim S. Paddick J. McNamara 1995 Pictorial adaptation of Stroop measures of body-related concerns in eating disorders International Journal of Eating Disorders 17 3 309 311.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. R. Weiss 1977 Characteristics of successful weight reducers: A brief review of predictor variables Addictive Behaviors 2 4 193 201.

  • R. C. Whitaker R. A. Gooze 2009 Self-regulation and obesity prevention Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 163 4 386 387.

  • B. Winer 1971 Statistical principles in experimental design 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill New York.

  • Impact Factor (2018): 4.873
  • Psychiatry and Mental Health SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q1
  • Medicine (miscellaneous) SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q1
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 1.624
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 29

Language: English

Founded in 2011
Publication: One volume of four issues annually

Publishing Model: Gold Open Access
Article processing charge: EUR 850.00 (as for discounts, please, check Author's instructions

Publication Programme: 2020. Vol. 9.
Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Web of Science [Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch®)
  • Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition
  • Social Sciences Citation Index®
  • Journal Citation Reports/ Social Sciences Edition
  • Current Contents®/Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • EBSCO
  • GoogleScholar
  • PsychInfo
  • PubMed Central
  • SCOPUS
  • Medline

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Zsolt Demetrovics

Associate Editor(s): Click for the contact list

Assistant Editor(s): Csilla Ágoston

Editorial Board

  • Max W. Abbott (Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand)
  • Elias N. Aboujaoude (Stanford University School of Medicine, USA)
  • Hojjat Adeli (Ohio State University, USA)
  • Alex Baldacchino (University of Dundee, United Kingdom)
  • Alex Blaszczynski (University of Sidney, Australia)
  • Kenneth Blum (University of Florida, USA)
  • Henrietta Bowden-Jones (Imperial College, United Kingdom)
  • Gerhard Bühringer (Technische Universität Dresden, Germany)
  • Wim van den Brink (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Sam-Wook Choi (Eulji University, Republic of Korea)
  • Damiaan Denys (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Jeffrey L. Derevensky (McGill University, Canada)
  • Naomi Fineberg (University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom)
  • Marie Grall-Bronnec (University Hospital of Nantes, France)
  • Jon E. Grant (University of Minnesota, USA)
  • Mark Griffiths (Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom)
  • Heather Hausenblas (Jacksonville University, USA)
  • Tobias Hayer (University of Bremen, Germany)
  • Susumu Higuchi (National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center, Japan)
  • David Hodgins (University of Calgary, Canada)
  • Eric Hollander (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA)
  • Jaeseung Jeong (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea)
  • Yasser Khazaal (Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland)
  • Orsolya Király (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Emmanuel Kuntsche (La Trobe University, Australia)
  • Hae Kook Lee (The Catholic University of Korea, Republic of Korea)
  • Michel Lejoyeux (Paris University, France)
  • Anikó Maráz (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Giovanni Martinotti (‘Gabriele d’Annunzio’ University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy)
  • Frederick Gerard Moeller (University of Texas, USA)
  • Daniel Thor Olason (University of Iceland, Iceland)
  • Nancy Petry (University of Connecticut, USA)
  • Bettina Pikó (University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar (Teheran University of Medical Sciences, Iran)
  • József Rácz (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary)
  • Rory C. Reid (University of California Los Angeles, USA)
  • Marcantanio M. Spada (London South Bank University, United Kingdom)
  • Daniel Spritzer (Study Group on Technological Addictions, Brazil)
  • Dan J. Stein (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
  • Sherry H. Stewart (Dalhousie University, Canada)
  • Attila Szabó (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Ferenc Túry (Semmelweis University, Hungary)
  • Alfred Uhl (Austrian Federal Health Institute, Austria)
  • Johan Vanderlinden (University Psychiatric Center K.U.Leuven, Belgium)
  • Alexander E. Voiskounsky (Moscow State University, Russia)
  • Kimberly Young (Center for Internet Addiction, USA)

Dr. Zsolt Demetrovics
Institute: ELTE Institute of Psychology
Address: Izabella u. 46. H-1064 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: +36-1-461-2681
Fax: +36-1-461-2697
E-mail: jba@ppk.elte.hu

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

 

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION