Authors:
Mary K. Crozier East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
Department of Addictions and Rehabilitation Studies, Substance Abuse and Clinical Counseling, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, 27858, USA

Search for other papers by Mary K. Crozier in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
and
Colleen Hillock Medicine Hat College, Alberta, Canada

Search for other papers by Colleen Hillock in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Open access

Abstract

Background

The risks of behavioral addictions are well documented. There are biological, medical, social, spiritual, psychological, and safety risks to the individual as well as risks, like ripple effects, to the family and friends with whom the individual with behavioral addictions lives. The phenomenon of collateral damage from addictions, especially alcoholism and substance dependence, is well documented.

Aims and methods

A selected review of the literature reveals little regarding the risks of collateral damage, in particular codependence, from behavioral addictions on non-addicted family and friends.

Results

This article theoretically posits the existence of codependence to those with two well documented and researched behavioral addictions, hypersexual and gambling disorder, using the biopsychosocial lens.

Conclusions

Addictions professionals are encouraged to revisit the literature on codependence and consider its influence on family and friends of those with behavioral addictions when providing services.

  • A. Abbott 2000 Alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs National Association of Social Workers Press Washington.

  • B. Alexander 2008 The globalization of addiction: A study in poverty of the spirit Oxford University Press New York.

  • American Psychiatric Association 2000 Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth edition American Psychiatric Association Washington, DC.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • American Psychiatric Association (2012a). DSM-5 Development, Gambling Disorder. Retrieved from: http://www.dsm5.org/proposedrevision/pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=210.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • American Psychiatric Association (2012b). DSM-5 Development, Hypersexual Disorder. Retrieved from: http://www.dsm5.org/proposedrevisions/pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=415.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S. Anderson 1994 A critical analysis of the concept of co-dependence Social Work 39 6 679 685.

  • M. Beattie 2009 The new codependency: Help and guidance for today's generation Simon & Schuster New York.

  • J. Brewer J. Grant M. Potenza 2008 The treatment of pathologic gambling Addictive Disorders and their Treatment 7 1 17.

  • P. Carnes R. Murray L. Charpentier 2004 Addiction interaction disorder R. Coombs Handbook of addictive disorders: A practical guide to diagnosis and treatment Wiley and Sons Hoboken, NJ 31 59.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • T. Cermak 1986 Diagnosing and treating COD: A guide for professionals who work with chemical dependents, their spouses and children Johnson Institute Books Minneapolis, MN.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • T. Cermak 1986 Diagnostic criteria for codependency Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 18 15 20.

  • L. Chamberlain 2004 Understanding and diagnosing compulsive gambling R. Coombs Handbook of addictive disorders: A practical guide to diagnosis and treatment Wiley and Sons Hoboken, NJ 129 160.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • P. Chaudhri R. Karim 2012 Behavioral addictions: An overview Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 44 1 5 17.

  • A. Cooper E. Griffin-Shelley D. Delmonico R. Mathy 2001 Online sexual problems: Assessment and predictive variables Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 8 267 285.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M. Crozier L. Rokutani 2008 Broadening the counselor's view of addictions Rehabilitation Counselors and Educators Journal 2 60 66.

  • M. Crozier S. Sligar 2010 Behavioral addictions screening during the vocational evaluation process Vocational Evaluation & Work Adjustment Association Journal 37 1 45 54.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Z. Demetrovics M. D. Griffiths 2012 Behavioral addictions: Past, present and future Journal of Behavioral Addictions 1 1 1 2.

  • H. Doweiko 2006 Concepts of chemical dependency 6th ed. Thomson Brooks/Cole Belmont, CA.

  • J. Elster 1999 Strong feelings: Emotion, addiction, and human behavior F. Recanati Jean Nicod Lectures MIT Press Cambridge, MA.

  • J. Fischer K. Corcoran 2000 Measures for clinical practice: A sourcebook 3rd ed. The Free Press New York.

  • G. Fisher T. Harrison 2000 Substance abuse: Information for school counselors, social workers, therapists, and counselors 2nd ed. Allyn and Bacon MA.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Friel R. Subby L. Friel 1984 Co-dependence and the search for identity Health Communications, Inc Pompano Beach, FL.

  • A. Goodman 2001 What's in a name? Terminology for designating a syndrome of driven sexual behavior Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 8 191 213.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Grant M. Potenza A. Weinstein D. Gorelick 2010 Introduction to behavioral addictions The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 36 233 241.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • E. Hollander C. Wong 1995 Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 56 4 3 6.

  • D. Inaba W. Cohen 2011 Uppers, downers, all arounders 7th ed. CNS Publications Ashland, OR.

  • L. Kingery-McCabe F. Campbell 1991 Effects of addiction on the addict D. Daley M. Raskin Treating the chemically dependent and their families Sage Publications Newbury Park, CA 57 78.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Kitchen 1991 Understanding and treating co-dependence Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

  • C. Koffinke 1991 Family recovery issues and treatment resources D. Daley M. Raskin Treating the chemically dependent and their families Sage Publications Newbury Park, CA 195 216.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • G. Koob M. Le Moal 2008 Addiction and the brain antireward system Annual Review of Psychology 59 29 53.

  • J. Krestan C. Bepko 1991 Co-dependency: The social reconstruction of female experience C. Bepko Feminism and addiction The Hawthorn Press Binghamton, NY 49 63.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M. R. Laaser 2006 Working with couples from a spiritual perspective Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 13 2 209 217.

  • A. Lawson G. Lawson 1998 Alcoholism and the family: A guide to treatment and prevention 2nd ed. Aspen Publication Inc Gaithersburg, MD.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Leshner, A. (2001). Addiction is a brain disease: Issues online in science and technology. Retrieved August 1, 2008, from University of Texas at Dallas, National Academy of Sciences web site: http://www.issues.org/17.3/leshner.htm.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • H. R. Lesieur J. Rothschild 1989 Children of Gamblers Anonymous members Journal of Gambling Behavior 5 4 269 281.

  • J. A. Lewis R. Q. Dana G. A. Blevins 2011 Substance abuse counseling 4th ed. Brooks/Coles Belmont, CA.

  • G. Maté 2009 In the realm of hungry ghosts: Close encounters with addictions Alfred A. Knopf Canada Toronto, Canada.

  • W. McCowan L. Chamberlain 2000 Best possible odds: Contemporary treatment strategies for gambling disorders Wiley & Sons New York.

  • R. Milrad 1999 Coaddictive recovery: Early recovery issues for spouses of sex addicts Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 6 125 136.

  • G. Miller 1999 Learning the language of addiction counseling Allyn and Bacon Boston.

  • M. Naegle C. D'Avanzo 2001 Addictions and substance abuse: Strategies for advanced practice nursing Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • P. O'Brien M. Gaborit 1992 Codependency: Adisorder separate from chemical dependency Journal of Clinical Psychology 48 1 128 136.

  • J. Orford 2001 Excessive appetites: A psychological view of addictions 2nd ed. Wiley & Sons Chichester, England.

  • R. C. Reid S. Garos T. Fong 2012 Psychometric development of the hypersexual Journal of Behavioral Addictions 1 3 115 122.

  • B. Robinson J. L. Rhoden 1998 Working with children of alcoholics: The practitioner's handbook 2nd ed. Sage Publications Thousand Oaks, CA.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. Rotunda K. Doman 2001 Partner enabling of substance use disorders: Critical review and future directions The American Journal of Family Therapy 29 257 270.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. J. Rotunda L. West T. J. Farrell 2004 Enabling behavior in a clinical sample of alcohol-dependent clients and their partners Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 26 269 276.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Schneider 2000 Effects of cybersex addiction on the family: Results of a survey Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 7 31 58.

  • J. Schneider 2004 Understanding and diagnosing sex addiction R. Coombs Handbook of addictive disorders: A practical guide to diagnosis and treatment Wiley and Sons Hoboken, NJ 197 232.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. A. Seilhamer 1991 Effects of addiction on the family D. Daley M. Raskin Treating the chemically dependent and their families Sage Publications Newbury Park, CA 172 194.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • H. Shaffer D. LaPlante R. LaBrie R. Kidman A. Donato M. Stanton 2004 Toward a syndrome model of addiction: Multiple expressions, common etiology Harvard Review of Psychiatry 12 367 374.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M. Shain H. Suurvali 2003 Lay and scientific perspectives on harm prevention: Enabling theory and program innovation J. Bennett W. Lehman Preventing workplace substance abuse American Psychological Association Washington 203 226.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. Smith R. Seymour 2004 The nature of addiction R. Coombs Handbook of addictive disorders: A practical guide to diagnosis and treatment Wiley and Sons Hoboken, NJ 3 30.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • L. Spann J. L. Fischer 1990 Identifying co-dependency The Counselor 8 27.

  • D. Thombs 1999 Introduction to addictive behaviors 2nd ed. Guilford Press New York.

  • B. K. Weinhold J. B. Weinhold 2008 Breaking free of the co-dependency trap 2nd ed. New World Library Novato, CA.

  • J. B. Weinhold B. K. Weinhold 2008 The flight from intimacy: Healing your relationship of counter-dependency-the other side of co-dependency New World Novato, CA.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • C. Whitfield 1991 Co-dependence: Healing the Human Condition: The new paradigm for helping professionals and people in recovery Health Communications Inc. Deerfield Beach, FL.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. Wilson Schaef 1986 Codependence: Misunderstood-mistreated HarperCollins New York.

  • A. Wilson Schaef 1989 Escape from intimacy: Understanding the “love” addictions HarperCollins New York.

  • World Health Organization (2012). International Classification of Diseases. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/.

  • U. Zetterlind M. Berglund 1999 The rate of COD in spouses and relatives of alcoholics on the basis of the Cermak COD scale Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 53 147 151.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S. T. Zitzman M. H. Butler 2005 Attachment, addiction, and recovery: Conjoint marital therapy for recovery from a sexual addiction Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity 12 311 337.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collapse
  • Expand
The author instructions are available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

 

Dr. Zsolt Demetrovics
Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University
Address: Izabella u. 46. H-1064 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: +36-1-461-2681
E-mail: jba@ppk.elte.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Web of Science [Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch®)
  • Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition
  • Social Sciences Citation Index®
  • Journal Citation Reports/ Social Sciences Edition
  • Current Contents®/Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • EBSCO
  • GoogleScholar
  • PsycINFO
  • PubMed Central
  • SCOPUS
  • Medline
  • CABI
  • CABELLS Journalytics

2023  
Web of Science  
Journal Impact Factor 6.6
Rank by Impact Factor Q1 (Psychiatry)
Journal Citation Indicator 1.59
Scopus  
CiteScore 12.3
CiteScore rank Q1 (Clinical Psychology)
SNIP 1.604
Scimago  
SJR index 2.188
SJR Q rank Q1

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Publication Model Gold Open Access
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 990 EUR/article for articles submitted after 30 April 2023 (850 EUR for articles submitted prior to this date)
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%.
Subscription Information Gold Open Access

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2011
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem
Founder's
Address
H-1053 Budapest, Hungary Egyetem tér 1-3.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2062-5871 (Print)
ISSN 2063-5303 (Online)

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Zsolt DEMETROVICS

Assistant Editor(s): Csilla ÁGOSTON

Associate Editors

  • Stephanie ANTONS (Universitat Duisburg-Essen, Germany)
  • Joel BILLIEUX (University of Lausanne, Switzerland)
  • Beáta BŐTHE (University of Montreal, Canada)
  • Matthias BRAND (University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany)
  • Ruth J. van HOLST (Amsterdam UMC, The Netherlands)
  • Daniel KING (Flinders University, Australia)
  • Gyöngyi KÖKÖNYEI (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Ludwig KRAUS (IFT Institute for Therapy Research, Germany)
  • Marc N. POTENZA (Yale University, USA)
  • Hans-Jurgen RUMPF (University of Lübeck, Germany)

Editorial Board

  • Sophia ACHAB (Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Switzerland)
  • Alex BALDACCHINO (St Andrews University, United Kingdom)
  • Judit BALÁZS (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Maria BELLRINGER (Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand)
  • Henrietta BOWDEN-JONES (Imperial College, United Kingdom)
  • Damien BREVERS (University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg)
  • Wim VAN DEN BRINK (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Julius BURKAUSKAS (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania)
  • Gerhard BÜHRINGER (Technische Universität Dresden, Germany)
  • Silvia CASALE (University of Florence, Florence, Italy)
  • Luke CLARK (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada)
  • Jeffrey L. DEREVENSKY (McGill University, Canada)
  • Geert DOM (University of Antwerp, Belgium)
  • Nicki DOWLING (Deakin University, Geelong, Australia)
  • Hamed EKHTIARI (University of Minnesota, United States)
  • Jon ELHAI (University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA)
  • Ana ESTEVEZ (University of Deusto, Spain)
  • Fernando FERNANDEZ-ARANDA (Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain)
  • Naomi FINEBERG (University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom)
  • Sally GAINSBURY (The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia)
  • Belle GAVRIEL-FRIED (The Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Israel)
  • Biljana GJONESKA (Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Republic of North Macedonia)
  • Marie GRALL-BRONNEC (University Hospital of Nantes, France)
  • Jon E. GRANT (University of Minnesota, USA)
  • Mark GRIFFITHS (Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom)
  • Joshua GRUBBS (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA)
  • Anneke GOUDRIAAN (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Susumu HIGUCHI (National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center, Japan)
  • David HODGINS (University of Calgary, Canada)
  • Eric HOLLANDER (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA)
  • Zsolt HORVÁTH (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Susana JIMÉNEZ-MURCIA (Clinical Psychology Unit, Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain)
  • Yasser KHAZAAL (Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland)
  • Orsolya KIRÁLY (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Chih-Hung KO (Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan)
  • Shane KRAUS (University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA)
  • Hae Kook LEE (The Catholic University of Korea, Republic of Korea)
  • Bernadette KUN (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Katerina LUKAVSKA (Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic)
  • Giovanni MARTINOTTI (‘Gabriele d’Annunzio’ University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy)
  • Gemma MESTRE-BACH (Universidad Internacional de la Rioja, La Rioja, Spain)
  • Astrid MÜLLER (Hannover Medical School, Germany)
  • Daniel Thor OLASON (University of Iceland, Iceland)
  • Ståle PALLESEN (University of Bergen, Norway)
  • Afarin RAHIMI-MOVAGHAR (Teheran University of Medical Sciences, Iran)
  • József RÁCZ (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary)
  • Michael SCHAUB (University of Zurich, Switzerland)
  • Marcantanio M. SPADA (London South Bank University, United Kingdom)
  • Daniel SPRITZER (Study Group on Technological Addictions, Brazil)
  • Dan J. STEIN (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
  • Sherry H. STEWART (Dalhousie University, Canada)
  • Attila SZABÓ (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Hermano TAVARES (Instituto de Psiquiatria do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil)
  • Alexander E. VOISKOUNSKY (Moscow State University, Russia)
  • Aviv M. WEINSTEIN (Ariel University, Israel)
  • Anise WU (University of Macau, Macao, China)

 

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Feb 2024 0 32 11
Mar 2024 0 66 6
Apr 2024 0 52 14
May 2024 0 15 8
Jun 2024 0 19 8
Jul 2024 0 22 4
Aug 2024 0 0 0