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  • 1 Section of Psychology, Department of Human and Social Sciences, University of Messina, Via Bivona, 98122, Messina, Italy
  • | 2 Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Jacksonville University, Jacksonville, FL, USA
Open access

Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of our study was to explore the prevalence, and the role of mood, exercise frequency, age, and gender differences of exercise dependence.

Methods

Regular exercisers (N = 409) completed a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Exercise Dependence Scale, and the Profile of Mood States. For data analyses, the participants were stratified for sex and age (age ranges = young adults: 18–24 years, adults: 25–44 years, and middle-aged adults: 45–64 years).

Results

We found that: (a) 4.4% of the participants were classified as at-risk for exercise dependence; (b) the men and the two younger groups (i.e., young adults and adults) had higher exercise dependence scores; and (c) age, gender, exercise frequency, and mood state were related to exercise dependence.

Conclusions

Our results support previous research on the prevalence of exercise dependence and reveal that adulthood may be the critical age for developing exercise dependence. These findings have practical implication for identifying individuals at-risk for exercise dependence symptoms, and may aid in targeting and guiding the implementation of prevention program for adults.

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Dr. Zsolt Demetrovics
Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University
Address: Izabella u. 46. H-1064 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: +36-1-461-2681
E-mail: jba@ppk.elte.hu

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Total Cites 4024
WoS
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Impact Factor Psychiatry 19/156 (Q1)
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Rank by Journal  Psychiatry 24/250 (Q1)
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Citable 86
Items
Total 74
Articles
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Reviews
Scimago 47
H-index
Scimago 2,265
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Scimago Clinical Psychology Q1
Quartile Score Psychiatry and Mental Health Q1
  Medicine (miscellaneous) Q1
Scopus 3593/367=9,8
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Scopus Clinical Psychology 7/283 (Q1)
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Scopus 2,026
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2019  
Total Cites
WoS
2 184
Impact Factor 5,143
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
4,346
5 Year
Impact Factor
5,758
Immediacy
Index
0,587
Citable
Items
75
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Articles
67
Total
Reviews
8
Cited
Half-Life
3,3
Citing
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6,8
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Article Influence
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89,33
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Scimago
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37
Scimago
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1,767
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2540/376=6,8
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  • Afarin RAHIMI-MOVAGHAR (Teheran University of Medical Sciences, Iran)
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  • Rory C. REID (University of California Los Angeles, USA)
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  • Daniel SPRITZER (Study Group on Technological Addictions, Brazil)
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  • Sherry H. STEWART (Dalhousie University, Canada)
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  • Ferenc TÚRY (Semmelweis University, Hungary)
  • Alfred UHL (Austrian Federal Health Institute, Austria)
  • Johan VANDERLINDEN (University Psychiatric Center K.U.Leuven, Belgium)
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