View More View Less
  • 1 Neuropsychiatric Research Institute, Fargo, ND, USA
  • | 2 University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Fargo, ND, USA
  • | 3 California State University, Monterey Bay, Seaside, CA, USA
  • | 4 Winona State University, Winona, MN, USA
  • | 5 ICF International, Atlanta, GA, USA
  • | 6 The Victory Program at McCallum Place, St. Louis, MO, USA
Open access

Background

Previous research has identified exercise identity and social physique anxiety as two independent factors that are associated with exercise dependence.

Aims

The purpose of our study was to investigate the unique and interactive effect of these two known correlates of exercise dependence in a sample of 1,766 female runners.

Methods

Regression analyses tested the main effects of exercise identity and social physique anxiety on exercise dependence. An interaction term was calculated to examine the potential moderating effect of social physique anxiety on the exercise identity and exercise dependence relationship.

Results

Results indicate a main effect for exercise identity and social physique anxiety on exercise dependence; and the interaction of these factors explained exercise dependence scores beyond the independent effects. Thus, social physique anxiety acted as a moderator in the exercise identity and exercise dependence relationship.

Discussion

Our results indicate that individuals who strongly identify themselves as an exerciser and also endorse a high degree of social physique anxiety may be at risk for developing exercise dependence.

Conclusions

Our study supports previous research which has examined factors that may contribute to the development of exercise dependence and also suggests a previously unknown moderating relationship for social physique anxiety on exercise dependence.

  • Ahrén, J. C., Chiesa, F., Koupil, I., Magnusson, C., Dalman, C. & Goodman, A. (2013). We are family — Parents, siblings, and eating disorders in a prospective total-population study of 250, 000 Swedish males and females. International Journal ofEating Disorders, 46, 693700.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC:Author.

  • Anderson, D. F., & Cychosz, C. M. (1994). Development of an exercise identity scale. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 78(3 Pt 1), 747751.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Anderson, D. F. & Cychosz, C. M. (1995). Exploration of the relationship between exercise behavior and exercise identity. Journalof Sport Behavior, 18, 159166.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Anderson, D. F., Cychosz, C. M., & Franke, W. D. (1998). Association of exercise identity with measures of exercise commitment and physiological indicators of fitness in a law enforcement cohort. Journal of Sport Behavior, 21, 233241.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Anderson, D. F., Cychosz, C. M. & Franke, W. D. (2001). Preliminary exercise identity scale (EIS) norms for three adult samples. Journal of Sport Behavior, 24, 19.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bamber, D., Cockerill, I. M. & Carroll, D. (2000). The pathological status of exercise dependence. British Journal of sportsMedicine, 34, 125132.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bamber, D. J., Cockerill, I. M., Rodgers, S. & Carroll, D. (2003). Diagnostic criteria for exercise dependence in women. BritishJournal of Sports Medicine, 37, 393400.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Baron, R. M. & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychology research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personalityand Social Psychology, 51(6), 11731182.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bratland-Sanda, S., Martinsen, E. W., Rosenvinge, J. H., , O., Hoffart, A. & Sundgot-Borgen, J. (2011). Exercise dependence score in patients with longstanding eating disorders and controls: The importance of affect regulation and physical activity intensity. European Eating Disorders Review, 19(3), 249255.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brunet, J., Sabiston, C. M., Dorsch, K. D. & McCreary, D. R. (2010). Exploring a model linking social physique anxiety, drive for muscularity, drive for thinness and self-esteem among adolescent boys and girls. Body Image, 7(2), 137142.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cook, B., Engel, S., Crosby, R., Hausenblas, H., Wonderlich, S. & Mitchell, J. (2014). Pathological motivations for exercise and health-related quality of life in eating disorders. InternationalJournal of Eating Disorders, 47, 268272.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cook, B. & Hausenblas, H. (2014). The impact of exercise dependence, eating disorders and body dysmorphia in exercisers. In A. Chow & S. Edmunds (Eds.), Physical exercise andmental health: Interconnections, theory and application (pp. 255280). Champaign, IL; Human Kinetics.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cook, B., Karr, T. M., Zunker, C, Mitchell, J. E., Thompson, R., Sherman, R. T., Cao, L., Crosby, R. D., Erickson, A. & Wonderlich, S. A. (2013) Primary and secondary exercise dependence in a community-based sample of road race runners. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 35, 464469.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Diehl, N. S., Johnson, C. E., Rogers, R. L. & Petrie, T. A. (1998). Social physique anxiety and disordered eating: What’s the connection? Addictive Behaviors, 23(1), 16.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Gapin, J. I. & Petruzzello, S. J. (2011). Athletic identity and disordered eating in obligatory and non-obligatory runners. Journalof Sport Sciences, 29(10), 10011010.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hart, E. A., Leary, M. R. & Rejeski, W. J. (1989). The measurement of social physique anxiety. Journal of Sport and ExercisePsychology, 11, 94104.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hausenblas, H. A. & Mack, D. (1999). Social physique anxiety and eating disorder correlates among female athletic and nonathletic populations. Journal of Sport Behavior, 22, 502513.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hausenblas, H. A. & Symons Downs, D. (2002a). Exercise dependence: A systematic review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3, 89123.

  • Hausenblas, H. A. & Symons Downs, D. (2002b). How much is too much? The development and validation of the Exercise Dependence Scale. Psychology & Health, 17, 387404.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Koyuncu, M., Tok, S. A., Canpolat, M. & Catikkas, F. (2010). Body image satisfaction and dissatisfaction, social physique anxiety, self-esteem, and body fat ratio in female exercisers and nonexercisers. Social Behavior and Personality, 38(4), 561570.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kraemer, H. C., Stice, E., Kazdin, A., Offord, D. & Kupfer, D. (2001). How do risk factors work together? Mediators, moderators, and independent, overlapping, and proxy risk factors. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 848856.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lu, F. J., Hsu, E. Y., Wang, J. M., Huang, M. Y., Chang, J. N. & Wang, C. H. (2012). Exercisers’ identities and exercise dependence: The mediating effect of exercise commitment. Perceptualand Motor Skills, 115(2), 618631.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Meyer, C. & Taranis, L. (2011). Exercise in the eating disorders: Terms and definitions. European Eating Disorders Review, 19, 169173.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Murray, A. L., McKenzie, K., Newman, E. & Brown, E. (2013). Exercise identity as a risk factor for exercise dependence. BritishJournal of Health Psychology, 18(2), 369382.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Quick, V. M. & Byrd-Bredbenner, C. (2014). Disordered eating, socio-cultural media influencers, body image, and psychological factors among a racially/ethnically diverse population of college women. Eating Behaviors, 15(1), 3741.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reas, D. L., Rø, Ø., Karterud, S., Hummelen, B. & Pedersen, G. (2013). Eating disorders in a large clinical sample of men and women with personality disorders. International Journal ofEating Disorders, 46, 801809.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Stets, J. E. & Burke, P. J. (2000). Identity theory and social identity theory. Social Psychology Quarterly, 63(3), 224237.

  • Sussman, S., Lisha, N. & Griffiths, M. (2011). Prevalence of the addictions: A problem of the majority or the minority? Evaluationsand the Health Professionals, 34, 356.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Symons Downs, D., Hausenblas, H. A. & Nigg, C. R. (2004). Factorial validity and psychometric examination of the Exercise Dependence Scale-Revised. Measurement in Physical Educationand Exercise Science, 8, 183201.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

Dr. Zsolt Demetrovics
Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University
Address: Izabella u. 46. H-1064 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: +36-1-461-2681
E-mail: jba@ppk.elte.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Web of Science [Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch®)
  • Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition
  • Social Sciences Citation Index®
  • Journal Citation Reports/ Social Sciences Edition
  • Current Contents®/Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • EBSCO
  • GoogleScholar
  • PsychInfo
  • PubMed Central
  • SCOPUS
  • Medline
  • CABI
2020  
Total Cites 4024
WoS
Journal
Impact Factor
6,756
Rank by Psychiatry (SSCI) 12/143 (Q1)
Impact Factor Psychiatry 19/156 (Q1)
Impact Factor 6,052
without
Journal Self Cites
5 Year 8,735
Impact Factor
Journal  1,48
Citation Indicator  
Rank by Journal  Psychiatry 24/250 (Q1)
Citation Indicator   
Citable 86
Items
Total 74
Articles
Total 12
Reviews
Scimago 47
H-index
Scimago 2,265
Journal Rank
Scimago Clinical Psychology Q1
Quartile Score Psychiatry and Mental Health Q1
  Medicine (miscellaneous) Q1
Scopus 3593/367=9,8
Scite Score  
Scopus Clinical Psychology 7/283 (Q1)
Scite Score Rank Psychiatry and Mental Health 22/502 (Q1)
Scopus 2,026
SNIP  
Days from  38
sumbission  
to 1st decision  
Days from  37
acceptance  
to publication  
Acceptance 31%
Rate  

2019  
Total Cites
WoS
2 184
Impact Factor 5,143
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
4,346
5 Year
Impact Factor
5,758
Immediacy
Index
0,587
Citable
Items
75
Total
Articles
67
Total
Reviews
8
Cited
Half-Life
3,3
Citing
Half-Life
6,8
Eigenfactor
Score
0,00597
Article Influence
Score
1,447
% Articles
in
Citable Items
89,33
Normalized
Eigenfactor
0,7294
Average
IF
Percentile
87,923
Scimago
H-index
37
Scimago
Journal Rank
1,767
Scopus
Scite Score
2540/376=6,8
Scopus
Scite Score Rank
Cllinical Psychology 16/275 (Q1)
Medicine (miscellenous) 31/219 (Q1)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 47/506 (Q1)
Scopus
SNIP
1,441
Acceptance
Rate
32%

 

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Publication Model Gold Open Access
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 850 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription Information Gold Open Access
Purchase per Title  

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2011
Publication
Programme
2021 Volume 10
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem
Founder's
Address
H-1053 Budapest, Hungary Egyetem tér 1-3.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2062-5871 (Print)
ISSN 2063-5303 (Online)

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Zsolt DEMETROVICS

Assistant Editor(s): Csilla ÁGOSTON

Associate Editors

  • Judit BALÁZS (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Joel BILLIEUX (University of Lausanne, Switzerland)
  • Matthias BRAND (University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany)
  • Anneke GOUDRIAAN (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Daniel KING (Flinders University, Australia)
  • Ludwig KRAUS (IFT Institute for Therapy Research, Germany)
  • H. N. Alexander LOGEMANN (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Anikó MARÁZ (Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany)
  • Astrid MÜLLER (Hannover Medical School, Germany)
  • Marc N. POTENZA (Yale University, USA)
  • Hans-Jurgen RUMPF (University of Lübeck, Germany)
  • Attila SZABÓ (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Róbert URBÁN (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Aviv M. WEINSTEIN (Ariel University, Israel)

Editorial Board

  • Max W. ABBOTT (Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand)
  • Elias N. ABOUJAOUDE (Stanford University School of Medicine, USA)
  • Hojjat ADELI (Ohio State University, USA)
  • Alex BALDACCHINO (University of Dundee, United Kingdom)
  • Alex BLASZCZYNSKI (University of Sidney, Australia)
  • Kenneth BLUM (University of Florida, USA)
  • Henrietta BOWDEN-JONES (Imperial College, United Kingdom)
  • Beáta BÖTHE (University of Montreal, Canada)
  • Wim VAN DEN BRINK (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Gerhard BÜHRINGER (Technische Universität Dresden, Germany)
  • Sam-Wook CHOI (Eulji University, Republic of Korea)
  • Damiaan DENYS (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Jeffrey L. DEREVENSKY (McGill University, Canada)
  • Naomi FINEBERG (University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom)
  • Marie GRALL-BRONNEC (University Hospital of Nantes, France)
  • Jon E. GRANT (University of Minnesota, USA)
  • Mark GRIFFITHS (Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom)
  • Heather HAUSENBLAS (Jacksonville University, USA)
  • Tobias HAYER (University of Bremen, Germany)
  • Susumu HIGUCHI (National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center, Japan)
  • David HODGINS (University of Calgary, Canada)
  • Eric HOLLANDER (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA)
  • Jaeseung JEONG (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea)
  • Yasser KHAZAAL (Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland)
  • Orsolya KIRÁLY (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Emmanuel KUNTSCHE (La Trobe University, Australia)
  • Hae Kook LEE (The Catholic University of Korea, Republic of Korea)
  • Michel LEJOXEUX (Paris University, France)
  • Anikó MARÁZ (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Giovanni MARTINOTTI (‘Gabriele d’Annunzio’ University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy)
  • Frederick GERARD MOELLER (University of Texas, USA)
  • Daniel Thor OLASON (University of Iceland, Iceland)
  • Nancy PETRY (University of Connecticut, USA)
  • Bettina PIKÓ (University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • Afarin RAHIMI-MOVAGHAR (Teheran University of Medical Sciences, Iran)
  • József RÁCZ (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary)
  • Rory C. REID (University of California Los Angeles, USA)
  • Marcantanio M. SPADA (London South Bank University, United Kingdom)
  • Daniel SPRITZER (Study Group on Technological Addictions, Brazil)
  • Dan J. STEIN (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
  • Sherry H. STEWART (Dalhousie University, Canada)
  • Attila SZABÓ (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Ferenc TÚRY (Semmelweis University, Hungary)
  • Alfred UHL (Austrian Federal Health Institute, Austria)
  • Johan VANDERLINDEN (University Psychiatric Center K.U.Leuven, Belgium)
  • Alexander E. VOISKOUNSKY (Moscow State University, Russia)
  • Kimberly YOUNG (Center for Internet Addiction, USA)

 

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
May 2021 0 23 18
Jun 2021 0 31 33
Jul 2021 0 26 32
Aug 2021 0 27 19
Sep 2021 0 20 19
Oct 2021 0 17 18
Nov 2021 0 0 0