(Abstracts of the 4th International Conference on Behavioral Addictions)
The Abstract Book contained the following errors. We regret these errors and offer our sincere apologies to the authors.
1. The following abstract has been missing from the Abstract Book. The publisher would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused.
Types of adolescents’ Internet overuse: Classification using environmental conditions and psychological values
BUGEUN KIM1, SEUL LEE2, YOUNG YIM DOH3 and GAHGENE GWEON1,2*
1Department of Transdisciplinary Studies, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
2Advanced Institute of Convergence Technology, Suwon, Republic of Korea
3KAIST, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
Background and aims: Internet overuse behaviour has been classified mainly along two dimensions; content-oriented or user symptom-oriented. However, classification of factors on (1) common environmental conditions faced by users and (2) core psychological values that are pursued, have been less explored. The goal of this study is to gain deeper insight about these two dimensions, so that the knowledge can be used for developing effective intervention strategies. Methods: National Information Society Agency of Korea gathered 192 counselling records of adolescents who overuse the Internet. Each record consisted of an hour-long home visit, plus up to six follow-ups. First, we used a qualitative approach as inspired by grounded theory to identify 12 environmental and 9 psychological factors (Fleiss’ κ mean = 0.714, median = 0.850). Multiple Correspondence Analysis was conducted on the 21 factors to detect the top 6 principle components, which in turn were used for hierarchical clustering to identify 5 clusters. For each cluster, Chi-square test was used to identify distinguishing factors. Results: The 6 principle components explained 44% of variance. Each of the 5 cluster is described in terms of representative environmental condition and psychological value; (a) Academic Achievement and Social Status Seeking in School Life (N = 74), (b) Enjoyment Seeking with Inadequate Parenting (N = 53), (c) Isolation Seeking to Escape from Maladaptation in School (N = 32), (e) Attention Seeking Delinquent in Unstructured Family (N = 21) (f) Alternative Community Seeking to Escape from Real Life Relationship Problems (N = 12). Conclusions: Our results provide insights into understanding of underlying environmental and psychological factors that impact internet overuse, so that that can be used for developing personalized intervention strategies. Acknowledgement: NRF_Korea, Ministry_of_Science, ICT & Future Planning (2015M3C7A1065859).
2. The following abstract has been missing from the Abstract Book. The publisher would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused.
Cue-induced craving in Internet-communication disorder: Comparison of visual and auditory cues
ELISA WEGMANN1*, BENJAMIN STODT1 and MATTHIAS BRAND1,2
1General Psychology: Cognition and Center of Behavioral Addiction Research (CeBAR), University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
2Erwin L. Hahn Institute for Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Essen, Germany
Background and aims: Internet-communication disorder describes the excessive and uncontrolled use of online-communication applications such as Facebook, WhatsApp, or Twitter. In analogy to results reported in behavioral addictions (pathological buying, Internet-gaming disorder, Internet-pornography disorder), cue-induced craving might be one process of the development and maintenance of such a pathological behavior. In the current study we investigated craving reactions when participants are confronted with neutral and addiction-related cues and if craving reactions were associated with symptoms of Internet-communication disorder. We also compared the relevance of visual and auditory cues, because communication applications are linked to both certain visual symbols and ringtones of mobile devices. Methods: In a 2x2 between-subject design a cue-reactivity paradigm was used. Participants (N = 88) were confronted with twelve cues in one of four conditions (visual-neutral, visual-addiction-related, auditory-neutral, auditory-addiction-related). To assess craving the Desire of Alcohol Questionnaire modified for Internet-communication disorder (DAQ-ICD) was applied before and after the paradigm. Tendencies towards Internet-communication disorder were assessed with a modified version of the short Internet Addiction Test. Results: The results illustrate that craving increased after the presentation of visual- as well as auditory- addiction-related cues. The craving-score decreased after the presentation of neutral cues, independent from sensory quality (visual or auditory). The DAQ-ICD scores were positively correlated with symptoms of Internet-communication disorder. Conclusions: The results indicate that addiction-related cues could lead to an increased subjective craving. Cue-reactivity and craving are potential mechanisms of the maintenance and development of an Internet-communication disorder which is similar to other substance or behavioral addictions.
3. On title page:
Associate Editor Aviv M. Weinstein’s affiliation appeared improperly as Hadassah Hospital, Israel on the title page of the Abstract Book.
The proper affiliation is Ariel University, Israel.
4. On page 33, OP-68:
The title of the abstract has been missing. The title is as follows:
Prevalence and correlates of problematic smartphone use in a large random sample of Chinese undergraduates