The paper discusses the issue whether art and works of art created by artists can be assessed using legal means. The paper provides an overview of the different Hungarian constitutional provisions governing artistic freedom from 1949 to the present, and examines the possible components of freedom of arts as a fundamental right, within the confines of the Hungarian legal system. According to the author, the subjective side of the artistic freedom integrates into the fundamental right of freedom of expression, ie artistic expression is free, but it does not require a separate, specific protection under constitutional law. However, the specificities of artistic expression as factors influencing the scope of the freedom of expression might be taken into account, e.g. symbolic speech, the specificities of a genre or the time elapsed since publication). Hence, works of art and literary pieces are to be treated as specific, unique forms of opinions – they are presented as a form of freedom of expression but this does not go beyond the boundaries of freedom of expression as a fundamental right. At the same time, the regulation of art, irrespective of this, might be justified even in the Fundamental Law. Setting requirements for the state (the objective obligation of the state to safeguard the institutions of fundamental law) is a precondition for the birth and preservation of works of art, which constitutes the objective side of artistic freedom without any specific subject and denotes its specific constitutional content But, an appropriate level of protection for freedom of expression ensures that this recognition should not have any detrimental consequences for freedom of arts.

  • Balogh, Zsolt, ‘Az Alkotmány fogalmi kultúrája és az alkotmánybíráskodás’ (The conceptual culture of the Constitution and the constitutional justice) (1999) 2 Fundamentum 2838.

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  • Bezanson, Randall P., Art and Freedom of Speech (University of Illinois Press 2009).

  • Cseporán, Zsolt and Kocsis, Miklós, ‘Az Alkotmánybíróság határozata a Magyar Muvészeti Akadémiáról. A muvészet szabadsága és pluralitása’ (Decision of the Constitutional Court on Hungarian Academy of Arts: Freedom and plurality of arts) (2014) 4 Jogesetek Magyarázata 38.

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  • Eberle, Edward J., ‘Art as Speech’ (2007-2008) 1 University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law & Social Change 128.

  • Fischer, Alajos and Sarusi Kiss, Béla, ‘A megcsonkított vallomás (Márai Sándor Egy polgár vallomásainak pere)’ (A mutaliated confession [Case of Sándor Márai’s The Confessions of a Bourgeois]) (2003) 4-5 Irodalomtörténeti Közlemények 545-80.

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  • Halmai, Gábor, A véleményszabadság határai (Limits of freedom of opinion) (Atlantisz 1994).

  • Hamilton, Marci A., ‘Art Speech’ (1996) 49 Vanderbilt Law Review 73122.

  • Kearns, Paul, Freedom of Artistic Expression. Essays on Culture and Legal Censure (Hart 2013).

  • Kearns, Paul, The Legal Concept of Art (Hart 1998).

  • Kis, János, Az állam semlegessége (State neutrality) (Atlantisz 1997).

  • Kollarik, Tamás and Vincze, Zsuzsanna, ‘Az állami felelősségvállalás, avagy a magyar állam lehetőségei és szerepe az audiovizuális művészet támogatásában’ (State responsibility, or the state’s possibilities of and role in supporting audiovisual arts) in Cseporán, Zsolt (ed), Az alkotás szabadsága és a szerzői jog metszéspontjai (MMA 2016) 5376.

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  • Koltay, András, ‘The Regulation of the Defamation of Public Figures in Europe, with Special Emphasis on the Hungarian Legal System’ in Koltay, András (ed), Media Freedom and Media Freedom and Regulation in the New Media World (Wolters Kluwer 2014) 30982.

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  • Láncos, Petra Lea, ‘A tudományos és művészeti élet szabadsága’ (Freedom of scientific and artistic life) in Jakab, András (ed), Az Alkotmány kommentárja II. (Századvég 2009).

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  • Levinson, Sanford, ‘The Tutelary State: ‘Censorship’, ‘Silencing’ and the ‘Practices of Cultural Regulation’ in Post, Robert (ed), Censorship and Silencing: The Practices of Cultural Regulation (Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities 1998) 195220.

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  • Pótó, János, Az emlékeztetés helyei. Emlékművek és politika (Loci memoriae: Monuments and politics) (Osiris 2003).

  • Sólyom, Péter, ‘A művészet szabadsága és az esztétikai ítéletek’ (Freedom of art and aesthetic judgments) (2007) 2 Iustum Aequum Salutare, 95109.

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  • Zeller, Judit, ‘A tudomány és a művészet szabadsága’ (Freedom of science and art) in Chronowski, Nóra and others, Magyar alkotmányjog III. Alapvető jogok (Dialóg Campus 2006).

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2020  
Scimago
H-index
3
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0,158
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Law Q3
Scopus
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40/78=0,5
Scopus
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Law 447/722 (Q3)
Scopus
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2019  
Scimago
H-index
2
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,128
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Law Q3
Scopus
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31/88=0,4
Scopus
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Law 480/685 (Q3)
Scopus
SNIP
0,247
Scopus
Cites
22
Scopus
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2
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8%

 

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Hungarian Journal of Legal Studies
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
2016 (1959)
Publication
Programme
2020 Volume 61
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
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Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2498-5473 (Print)
ISSN 2560-1067 (Online)