View More View Less
  • 1 University of Vienna
Restricted access

Purchase article

USD  $25.00

1 year subscription (Individual Only)

USD  $648.00

This article argues that vowel reduction can be insightfully understood by reinterpreting openness as structural instead of melodic (i.e., mediated by an element). This allows for a unified account of various reduction phenomena in different languages and also extends to lenition in consonants. The proposal made here is couched within Government Phonology 2.0, a further development of Government Phonology.

  • Albano, Eleonora Cavalcante. 1999. O Português Brasileiro e as Controvérsias da Fonética Atual: Pelo Aperfeiçoamento da Fonologia Articulatória. DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada 15. 2350.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Anderson, John and Colin J. Ewen. 1987. Principles of Dependency Phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Backley, Phillip. 2011. An introduction to Element Theory. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

  • Basbøll, Hans. 2005. The phonology of Danish. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Basbøll, Hans and Johannes Wagner. 1985. Kontrastive Phonologie des Deutschen und Dänischen. Segmentale Wortphonologie und -phonetik. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer.

  • Broadbent, Judith M. 1991. Linking and Intrusive r in English. UCL Working Papers in Linguistics, 3. 281301.

  • Broadbent, Judith M. 1999. A new approach to the representation of coronal segments. In S. J. Hannahs and M. Davenport (eds.) Issues in phonological structure. Papers from an international workshop. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 125.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Charette, Monik and Aslı Göksel. 1994. Vowel harmony and switching in Turkic languages. SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics & Phonetics 4. 2956.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Charette, Monik and Aslı Göksel. 1996. Licensing constraints and vowel harmony in Turkic languages. SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics & Phonetics 6. 125.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Clements, Nick. 1991. Vowel height assimilation in Bantu languages. In K. Hub-Bard (ed.) BLS 17S: Proceedings of the Special Session on African Languages Structures. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistic Society. 2564.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cobb, Margaret. 1993. Licensing constraints and vowel harmony in Uyghur. SOAS Working Papers in Lingusitics and Phonetics 3. 4064.

  • Cobb, Margaret. 1995. Vowel harmony in Zulu and Basque: The interaction of licensing constraints, H–Licensing and constituent structure. SOAS Working Papers in Lingusitics and Phonetics 5. 2339.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cobb, Margaret. 1997. Conditions on nuclear expressions in phonology. Doctoral dissertation. School of Oriental and African Studies, Department of Linguistics, University of London.

  • Cobb, Margaret. 2003. Government Phonology and the vowel harmonies of Natal Portuguese and Yoruba. In Ploch (2003, 223242).

  • Cristófaro Alves da Silva, Thaïs. 1992. Nuclear phenomena in Brazilian Portuguese. Doctoral dissertation. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

  • Cristófaro Alves da Silva, Thaïs. 2003. Palatalisation in Brazilian Portuguese. In Ploch (2003, 243257).

    • Export Citation
  • Cyran, Eugeniusz. 1997. Resonence elements in phonology. A study in Munster Irish (PASE Studies and Monographs 3). Lublin: Wydawnictwo Folium.

  • Goh, Yeng-Seng. 1997. The segmental phonology of Beijing Mandarin. Crane: Taipei.

  • Harris, John. 1997. Licensing inheritance: An integrated theory of neutralisation. Phonology 14. 315370.

  • Harris, John. 1999. Release the captive coda: The foot as a domain of phonetic interpretation. UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 11. 165194.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harris, John. 2005. Vowel reduction as information loss. In P. Carr, J. Durand and C. J. Ewen (eds.) Headhood, elements, specification and contrastivity: Phonological papers in honour of John Anderson. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 119132.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harris, John and Geoff Lindsey. 1995. The elements of phonological representation. In J. Durand and F. Katamba (eds.) Frontiers of phonology: Atoms, structures, derivations. Harlow: Longman. 3479.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harris, John and Geoff Lindsey. 2000. Vowel patterns in mind and sound. In N. Burton-Roberts, P. Carr and G. Docherty (eds.) Phonological knowledge: Conceptual and empirical issues. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 185205.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Holman, Eugene. 1975. Allomorphic and dialectal cohesion in the light of Baltic-Finnic grade alternation. Helsinki: University of Helsinki.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Inkelas, Sharon. 2011. Another look at velar deletion in Turkish. In E. Erguvanlı Taylan and B. Rona (eds.) Puzzles of language. Essays in honour of Karl Zimmer. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. 3753.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jassem, Wiktor. 2003. Polish. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33. 103– 107.

  • Jensen, Sean. 1994. Is P an element? Towards a non-segmental phonology. SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics and Phonetics 4. 7178.

  • Jensen, Sean Jonathan, Kaye, Markus Alexander Pöchtrager and Sašo Živanovič. 2009. GP 2.0 and Putonghua, too. Paper presented at the 6th Government Phonology Round Table, Piliscsaba, April 25, 2009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kaye, Jonathan. 2000. A user’s guide to Government Phonology (GP). Manuscript.

  • Kaye, Jonathan D. 2001. Working with licensing constraints. In K. Dziubalska-Kołaczyk (ed.) Constraints and preferences. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 251268.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kaye, Jonathan D. and Markus Alexander Pöchtrager. 2009. GP 2.0. Paper presented at the 6th Government Phonology Round Table, Piliscsaba, April 25, 2009.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kim, Seon Jung. 1996. The representations of Korean phonological expressions and their consequences. Doctoral dissertation. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

  • Lehiste, Ilse. 1965. Juncture. In E. Zwirner and W. Bethge (eds.) Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, University of Münster. Basel: S. Karger. 172200.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mateus, Maria Helena and Ernesto d’Andrade. 2000. The phonology of Portuguese. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Nevins, Andrew. 2012. Vowel lenition and fortition in Brazilian Portuguese. Letras de Hoje 47. 228233.

  • Ploch, Stefan (ed.). 2003. Living on the edge: 27 papers in honour of Jonathan Kaye. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2006. The structure of length. Doctoral dissertation. Universität Wien.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2008. Finnish consonant gradation. In J. B. de Carvalho, T. Scheer and P. Ségéral (eds.) Lenition and fortition. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 357385.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2009a. Diphthongi, ei know thyselfi. Binding in phonology. Paper presented at the 17th Manchester Phonology Meeting, 28–30 May 2009.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2009b. Syntaxy government phonology. Paper presented at Generative Approaches to Contrastive Linguistics 3 (GACL 3), 15–16 May 2009, Nicosia.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2010. The structure of A. Paper presented at the 33rd GLOW Colloquium, 13–16 April 2010, Wrocław.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2012. Deconstructing A. Paper presented at the MFM Fringe Meeting on Segmental Architecture, 23 May 2012, Manchester.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2013a. Alveolars, size and lenition. Paper presented at the 21st Manchester Phonology Meeting, 23–25 May 2013.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2013b. On A. Paper presented at A Workshop on Melodic Representation, 12 March 2013, London.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2015a. Beyond the segment. In E. Raimy and C. Cairns (eds.) The segment. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. 4464.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2015b. Binding in phonology. In H. van Riemsdijk and M. van Oostendrop (eds.) Representing structure in phonology and syntax. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 255275.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2016. Is there phonological vowel reduction in Turkish? In M. Güven, D. Akar, B. Öztürk and M. Kelepir (eds.) Exploring the Turkish Linguistic Landscape: Essays in honor of Eser Erguvanlı Taylan. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 2139.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2017a. It’s all about size. In P. Szigetvári (ed.) 70 snippets to mark Ádám Nádasdy’s 70th birthday. Budapest: Department of English Linguistics, Eötvös Loránd University. http://seas3.elte.hu/nadasdy70

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander. 2017b. Transparent vowels: Small cogs in large machines. Paper presented at the 25th Manchester Phonology Meeting, 25–27 May 2017.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander and Jonathan Kaye. 2013. GP2.0. SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics and Phonetics 16. 5164.

  • Pöchtrager, Markus Alexander and Jonathan Kaye. in preparation. The grand unified theory of vowels.

  • Raun, Alo and Andrus Saareste. 1965. Introduction to Estonian linguistics. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

  • Schane, Sanford A. 1984. The fundamentals of Particle Phonology. Phonology Yearbook 1. 129155.

  • Segundo, Silvia de Oliveira. 1993. Stress and related phenomena in Brazilian (Natal) Portuguese. Doctoral dissertation. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Timberlake, Alan. 2004. A reference grammar of Russian. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • Wetzels, W. Leo 1995. Mid-vowel alternations in the Brazilian Portuguese verb. Phonology 12. 281304.

  • Wheeler, Max W. 2005. The phonology of Catalan. New York: Oxford University Press.

  • Živanović, Sašo and Markus Alexander Pöchtrager. 2010. GP 2.0 and Putonghua too. Acta Linguistica Hungarica 57. 357380.

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE.

 

MANUSCRIPT SUBMISSION

  • Acta Linguistica Hungarica Impact Factor (2018): 0.231
  • Linguistics and Language SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q3
  • Literature and Literary Theory SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.13
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 9

Language: English

Founded in 1951
Publication: One volume of four issues annually
Publication Programme: 2020. Vol. 67.
Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Arts and Humanities Citation Index
  • Bibliographie Linguistique/Linguistic Bibliography
  • International Bibliographies IBZ and IBR
  • Linguistics Abstracts
  • Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstracts
  • MLA International Bibliography
  • SCOPUS
  • Social Science Citation Index
  • LinguisList

 

Subscribers can access the electronic version of every printed article.

Editors

Editor-in-Chief: András Cser

Editor: Éva Dékány

Review Editor: Tamás Halm

Editorial Board

  • Anne Abeillé
  • Željko Bošković
  • Marcel den Dikken
  • Hans-Martin Gärtner
  • Elly van Gelderen
  • Anders Holmberg
  • Katarzyna Jaszczolt
  • Dániel Z. Kádár
  • István Kenesei
  • András Kertész
  • Anikó Lipták
  • Katalin Mády
  • Gereon Müller
  • Csaba Pléh
  • Giampaolo Salvi
  • Irina Sekerina
  • Péter Siptár
  • Gregory Stump
  • Peter Svenonius
  • Anne Tamm
  • Akira Watanabe
  • Jeroen van de Weijer

 

Acta Linguistica Academica
Address: Benczúr u. 33. HU–1068 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (+36 1) 351 0413; (+36 1) 321 4830 ext. 154
Fax: (36 1) 322 9297
E-mail: ala@nytud.mta.hu