Author:
Clement Kwamina Insaidoo Appah University of Ghana

Search for other papers by Clement Kwamina Insaidoo Appah in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Full access

Abstract

This paper highlights three issues in the study of verb–noun compounding and shows how data from Akan (Niger-Congo, Kwa, Ghana) help answer the relevant questions for the language. The issues, which mainly concern the exocentric subtype, are: one, the syntactic category of the left-hand constituent and that of the whole compound; two, whether the formation of verb–noun compounds is a matter of syntax or morphology; and three, how to distinguish between verb–noun compounds and verb phrases, given their structural similarity. Although these issues have come up somehow in the literature on Akan verb–noun compounds, they have not been deliberately targeted for discussion. This paper fills the gap. It is shown that the left-hand constituent is definitely a verb. This raises the question of how to account for the syntactic category of the exocentric subclass of the compound, given that the compound is not a hyponym of the right-hand nominal constituent whose syntactic category may be assumed to percolate to the whole. It is also argued that, per the criteria in the literature, the formation of Akan verb–noun compounds has to be a matter of morphology and not syntax. Finally, it is shown that there are formal and semantic basis for distinguishing verb–noun compounds from verb phrases in Akan.

  • Abakah, Emmanuel Nicholas . 2006. The tonology of compounds in Akan. Languages and Linguistics 17. 133.

  • Ackema, Peter and Ad Neeleman. 2001. Competition between syntax and morphology. In J. Grimshaw, G. Legendre and S. Vikner (eds.) Optimality Theoretic syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 2960.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ackema, Peter and Ad Neeleman. 2004. Beyond morphology. Interface conditions on word formation. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

  • Anderson, Jonathan C. 2013. Verb-internal compound formation in Akan. Journal of West African languages 60. 89104.

  • Anderson, Stephen R. 1992. A-Morphous morphology. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

  • Anyidoho, Akosua . 1990. On tone in Akan compound nouns. Paper presented at the the 19th West African Languages Congress, University of Ghana, Legon.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Appah, Clement Kwamina Insaidoo . 2005. Action nominalization In Akan. In M. E. K. Dakubu and E. K. Osam (eds.) Studies in the languages of the Volta Basin: Proceedings of the Annual Colloquium of the Legon-Trondheim Linguistics Project. Accara: Linguistics Department, University of. 132142.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Appah, Clement Kwamina Insaidoo . 2013a. The case against A–N compounding in Akan. Journal of West African languages 40. 7387.

  • Appah, Clement Kwamina Insaidoo . 2013b. Construction morphology: Issues in Akan complex nominal morphology. Doctoral dissertation. Lancaster University.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Appah, Clement Kwamina Insaidoo . 2015. On the syntactic category of Akan compounds: A product-oriented perspective. Acta Linguistica Hungarica 62. 361394.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Appah, Clement Kwamina Insaidoo . 2016. Akan verb–noun compounds. Italian Journal of Linguistics 28. 324.

  • Appah, Clement Kwamina Insaidoo . 2017. Personal attribute nominal construction in Akan: A Construction Morphology account. Legon Journal of the Humanities 28. 4972.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Basciano, Bianca, Nancy Kula and Chiara Melloni. 2011. Modes of compounding in Bantu, Romance and Chinese. Rivista di linguistica 23. 203249.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bauer, Laurie . 1980. Deux problèmes au sujet des noms composés comprenant un premier élément verbal en français moderne. Le français moderne 48. 219224.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bauer, Laurie . 1983. English word-formation. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

  • Bauer, Laurie . 2001. Morphological productivity. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

  • Bisetto, Antonietta . 1999. Note sui composti vn dell'italiano. In P. Benincà, A. Mioni and L. Vanelli (eds.) Fonologia e morfologia dell'italiano e dei dialetti d'Italia. Roma: Bulzoni. 503538.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Booij, Geert E. 2004. Constructions and the interface between lexicon and syntax. In H. H. Aertsen and G. Mike Steen (eds.) Words in their place. Festchrift for J. L. Mackenzie. Amsterdam: Vrije Universiteit. 275282.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Booij, Geert E. 2009. Lexical integrity as a formal universal: A constructionist view. In S. Scalise, E. Magni and A. Bisetto (eds.) Universals of language today. Dordrecht: Springer. 83100.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Booij, Geert E. 2010a. Construction morphology. Language and Linguistics Compass 4. 543555.

  • Booij, Geert E. 2010b. Construction morphology. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

  • Booij, Geert E. 2012a. Construction morphology, a brief introduction. Morphology 22. 343346.

  • Booij, Geert E. 2012b. The grammar of words: An introduction to linguistic morphology (Third edition). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Braun, Maria . 2009. Word-formation and creolisation: The case of Early Sranan. Berlin & New York, Mouton de Gruyter.

  • Bresnan, Joan W. and Sam A. Mchombo. 1995. The lexical integrity principle: Evidence from Bantu. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 13. 181254.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chomsky, Noam . 1970. Remarks on nominalization. In R. A. Jacobs and P. S. Rosenbaum (eds.) Readings in English transformational grammar. Waltham: Ginn. 184221.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chomsky, Noam . 1995. The minimalist program. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

  • Christaller, Johannes Gottlieb . 1875. A grammar of the Asante and Fante language called Tshi (Chwee, Twi) based on the Akuapem dialect with reference to the other (Akan and Fante) dialects. Basel, Basel Evangelical Missionary Society.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Comrie, Bernard . 1976. The syntax of action nominals: A cross-linguistic study. Lingua 40. 177201.

  • Contreras, Heles . 1985. Spanish exocentric compounds. In F. H. Nuessel (ed.) Current issues in Hispanic phonology and morphology. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club. 1427.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Corbin, Danielle . 1992. Hypothèses sur les frontières de la composition nominale. Cahiers de grammaire 17. 2555.

  • Desmets, Marianne and Florence Villoing. 2009. French VN lexemes: Morphological compounding in HPSG. Paper presented at the HPSG09 Conference, Georg-August-University at Göttingen.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Di Sciullo , Anna Maria and Edwin Williams. 1987. On the definition of word (Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 14). Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

  • Dixon, Robert Malcolm Ward and Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald (eds.). 2002a. Word. A cross-linguistic typology. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dixon, Robert Malcolm Ward and Alexandra Yurievna Aikhenvald. 2002b. Word: A typological framework. In Dixon & Aikhenvald (2002a, 142).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dolphyne, Florence Abena . 1988. The Akan (Twi-Fante) language: Its sound systems and tonal structure. Accra, Ghana Universities Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fábregas, Antonio and Sergio Scalise. 2012. Morphology: From data to theories. Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press.

  • Fradin, Bernard . 2005. On a semantically grounded difference between derivation and compounding. In W. U. Dressler, D. Kastovsky, O. E. Pfeiffer and F. Rainer (eds.) Morphology and its demarcations. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 161182.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fradin, Bernard . 2009. IE, Romance: French. In Lieber & Štekauer (2009, 417435).

  • Gast, Volker . 2008. Verb–noun compounds in English and German. Zeitschrift für Angelistik und Amerikanistik 53. 269282.

  • Gast, Volker . 2009. Verb–noun compounds in European languages. Hand-out of the talk given at the University of Erfurt, November 4, 2009. http://www.personal.uni-jena.de/~mu65qev/talks.html

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Giegerich, Heinz J. 2004. Compound or phrase? English noun-plus-noun constructions and the stress criterion. English Language and Linguistics 8. 124.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Giegerich, Heinz J. 2005. Associative adjectives in English and the lexicon–syntax interface. Journal of Linguistics 41. 571591.

  • Goldberg, Adele E. and Ray Jackendoff. 2004. The English resultative as a family of constructions. Language 80. 532568.

  • Grimshaw, Jane . 1990. Argument structure (Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 18). Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

  • Halle, Morris . 1973. Prolegomena to a theory of word-formation. Linguistic Inquiry 4. 316.

  • Halle, Morris and Alec Marantz. 1993. Distributed morphology and the pieces of inflection. In K. Hale and S. J. Keyser (eds.) The view from building 20. Essays in linguistics in honor of Sylvain Bromberger. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 111176.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Halle, Morris and Alec Marantz. 1994. Some key features of Distributed Morphology. In A. Carnie and H. Harley (eds.) MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 21: Papers on phonology and morphology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 275288.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Harley, Heidi and Rolf Noyer. 1999. Distributed morphology. GLOT International 4. 39.

  • Jenssen, Theo . 2012. Compositionality: Its historic context. In Werning et al. (2012, 1946).

  • Jurafsky, Daniel . 1992. An on-line computational model of human sentence interpretation: A theory of the representation and use of linguistic knowledge. Doctoral dissertation. University of California, Berkeley.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria . 1993. Nominalizations. London: Routledge.

  • Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria . 2006. Nominalization. In K. Brown (ed.) Encyclopedia of language and linguistics. 2nd edition. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 652659.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kornfeld, Laura Malena . 2009. IE, Romance: Spanish. In Lieber & Štekauer (2009, 436452).

  • Langacker, Ronald W. 2005. Construction Grammars: Cognitive, radical, and less so. In M. S. P. Cervel and F. J. R. de Mendoza Ibáñez (eds.) Cognitive linguistics: Internal dynamics and interdisciplinary interaction. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 101159.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lieber, Rochelle . 1980. On the organization of the lexicon. Doctoral dissertation. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

  • Lieber, Rochelle . 1992. Deconstructing morphology: Word formation in syntactic theory. Chicago, Chicago University Press.

  • Lieber, Rochelle and Sergio Scalise. 2007. The Lexical Integrity Hypothesis In a new theoretical universe. In G. E. Booij, L. Ducceschi, B. Fradin, E. Guevara, A. Ralli and S. Scalise (eds.) On-line proceedings of the Fifth Mediterranean Morphology Meeting (MMM5), Fréjus 15–18 September 2005. Bologna: University of Bologna. 124.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lieber, Rochelle and Pavol Štekauer (eds.). 2009. The Oxford handbook of compounding. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

  • Lyons, John . 1968. Introduction to theoretical linguistics. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

  • Marantz, Alec . 1997. No escape from syntax: Don't try morphological analysis in the privacy of your own lexicon. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 4. 201225.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marchand, Hans . 1969. The categories and types of present-day English word-formation: A synchronic–diachronic approach (Second, completely revised and enlarged edition). München, C. H. Beck.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Masini, Francesca . 2009. Phrasal lexemes, compounds and phrases: A constructionist perspective. Word Structure 2. 254271.

  • Melloni, Chiara . 2006. Logical polysemy in word formation: E and R suffixes. Lingue e linguaggio 2. 281308.

  • Melloni, Chiara . 2007. Polysemy in word formation: The case of deverbal nominals. Doctoral dissertation. Universita Degli Studi Di Verona.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Melloni, Chiara . 2010. Action nominals inside: Lexical-semantic issues. In M. Rathert and A. Alexiadou (eds.) The semantics of nominalizations across languages and frameworks. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter Mouton. 141168.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Obeng, Samuel Gyasi . 2009. Akan deverbal nouns. In S. G. Obeng (ed.) Topics in descriptive and African linguistics: Essays in honor of distinguished professor Paul Newman. München: LINCOM Europa. 96110.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Plag, Ingo . 2003. Word-formation in English. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

  • Rainer, Franz and Solelad Varela. 1992. Compounding in Spanish. Rivista di linguistica 4. 117142.

  • Ralli, Angela and Melita Stavrou. 1998. Morphology–syntax interface: A/N compounds versus A/N constructs In Modern Greek. In G. E. Booij and J. van Marle (eds.) Yearbook of morphology 1997. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 243264.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rohrer, Christian . 1977. Die Wortzusammensetzung im modernen Französisch. Tübingen, Gunter Narr.

  • Scalise, Sergio . 1984. Generative morphology. Dordrecht: Foris.

  • Scalise, Sergio . 1992. Compounding in Italian. Rivista di Linguistica 4. 175198.

  • Scalise, Sergio, Antonietta Bisetto and Emiliano Guevara. 2005. Selection In compounding. In W. U. Dressler, D. Kastovsky, O. E. Pfeiffer and F. Rainer (eds.) Morphology and its demarcations. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 133150.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Scalise, Sergio and Emiliano Raúl Guevara. 2005. The lexicalist approach to word-formation and the notion of the lexicon. In Štekauer & Lieber (2005, 147187).

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Selkirk, Elizabeth O. 1982. The syntax of words (Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 7). Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

  • Spencer, Andrew . 1991. Morphological theory. An introduction to word structure in generative grammar. Cambridge, MA & Oxford, Blackwell.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Spencer, Andrew . 2005. Word-formation and syntax. In Štekauer & Lieber (2005, 7397).

  • Štekauer, Pavol and Rochelle Lieber (eds.). 2005. Handbook of word-formation. Dordrecht: Springer.

  • Szabó, Zoltán Gendler . 2012. The case for compositionality. In Werning et al. (2012, 6480).

  • Tollemache, F. 1945. Le parole composte nella lingua italiana. Roma: Rores.

  • Varela, Salvador . 1990. Composición nominal y estructura temática. Revista española de linguistica 1. 5681.

  • Werning, Markus, Wolfram Hinzen and Edouard Machery (eds.). 2012. Handbook of compositionality. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

  • Williams, Edwin S. 1978. Across-the-board rule application. Linguistic Inquiry 9. 3143.

  • Yoon, Jiyoung . 2009. Constructional meanings of verb–noun compounds in Spanish: Limpiabotas vs. tientaparedes. Language Sciences 31. 507530.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Zager, David . 1981. On orientation or, constraining false analogy. Linguistics 19. 11071131.

  • Collapse
  • Expand

The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

Editors

Editor-in-Chief: András Cser

Editor: György Rákosi

Review Editor: Tamás Halm

Editorial Board

  • Anne Abeillé / Université Paris Diderot
  • Željko Bošković / University of Connecticut
  • Marcel den Dikken / Eötvös Loránd University; Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Hans-Martin Gärtner / Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Elly van Gelderen / Arizona State University
  • Anders Holmberg / Newcastle University
  • Katarzyna Jaszczolt / University of Cambridge
  • Dániel Z. Kádár / Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • István Kenesei / University of Szeged; Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Anikó Lipták / Leiden University
  • Katalin Mády / Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Gereon Müller / Leipzig University
  • Csaba Pléh / Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Central European University
  • Giampaolo Salvi / Eötvös Loránd University
  • Irina Sekerina / College of Staten Island CUNY
  • Péter Siptár / Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics, Budapest
  • Gregory Stump / University of Kentucky
  • Peter Svenonius / University of Tromsø
  • Anne Tamm / Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church
  • Akira Watanabe / University of Tokyo
  • Jeroen van de Weijer / Shenzhen University

 

Acta Linguistica Academica
Address: Benczúr u. 33. HU–1068 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: (+36 1) 351 0413; (+36 1) 321 4830 ext. 154
Fax: (36 1) 322 9297
E-mail: ala@nytud.mta.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Arts and Humanities Citation Index
  • Bibliographie Linguistique/Linguistic Bibliography
  • International Bibliographies IBZ and IBR
  • Linguistics Abstracts
  • Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstracts
  • MLA International Bibliography
  • SCOPUS
  • Social Science Citation Index
  • LinguisList

 

2022  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
56
Journal Impact Factor 0.5
Rank by Impact Factor

Linguistics (Q4)

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0.4
5 Year
Impact Factor
0.5
Journal Citation Indicator 0.59
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

Language and Linguistics (Q2)
Linguistics (Q3)

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
13
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.592
Scimago Quartile Score

Cultural Studies (Q1)
Linguistics and Language (Q1)
Literature and Literary Theory (Q1)

Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1.4
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Literature and Literary Theory 24/982 (97th PCTL)
Cultural Studies 212/1203 (82nd PCTL)
Scopus
SNIP
1.159

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
63
Journal Impact Factor 0,690
Rank by Impact Factor

Linguistics 145/194

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0,667
5 Year
Impact Factor
1,286
Journal Citation Indicator 0,67
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

Language & Linguistics 141/370

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
11
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,341
Scimago Quartile Score Cultural Studies (Q1)
Linguistics and Language (Q1)
Literature and Literary Theory (Q1)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
1,4
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Literature and Literary Theory 22/934 (D1)
Cultural Studies 164/1127 (Q1)
Scopus
SNIP
1,070

2020

 

Total Cites

219

WoS

Journal
Impact Factor

0,523

Rank by

Linguistics 150/193 (Q4)

Impact Factor

 

Impact Factor

0,432

without

Journal Self Cites

5 Year

0,500

Impact Factor

Journal 

0,72

Citation Indicator

 

Rank by Journal 

Linguistics 144/259 (Q3)

Citation Indicator 

 

Citable

19

Items

Total

19

Articles

Total

0

Reviews

Scimago

10

H-index

Scimago

0,295

Journal Rank

Scimago

Cultural Studies Q1

Quartile Score

Language and Linguistics Q2

 

Linguistics and Language Q2

 

Literature and Literary Theory Q1

Scopus

72/87=0,8

Scite Score

Scopus

Literature and Literary Theory 42/825 (Q1)

Scite Score Rank

Cultural Studies 247/1037 (Q1)

Scopus

1,022

SNIP

Days from 

58

submission

to acceptance

Days from 

68

acceptance

to publication

Acceptance

51%

Rate

2019  
Total Cites
WoS
155
Impact Factor 0,222
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
0,156
5 Year
Impact Factor
0,322
Immediacy
Index
0,870
Citable
Items
23
Total
Articles
23
Total
Reviews
0
Cited
Half-Life
11,2
Citing
Half-Life
16,6
Eigenfactor
Score
0,00006
Article Influence
Score
0,056
% Articles
in
Citable Items
100,00
Normalized
Eigenfactor
0,00780
Average
IF
Percentile
9,358
Scimago
H-index
9
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,281
Scopus
Scite Score
53/85=0,6
Scopus
Scite Score Rank
Cultural Studies 293/1002 (Q2)
Literature and Literary Theory 60/823(Q1)
Scopus
SNIP
0,768
Acceptance
Rate
25%

 

Acta Linguistica Academica
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 900 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2023 Online subsscription: 572 EUR / 696 USD
Print + online subscription: 656 EUR / 796 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Acta Linguistica Academica
Language English
Size B5
Year of
Foundation
2017 (1951)
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2559-8201 (Print)
ISSN 2560-1016 (Online)