Balther of Säckingen was a remarkable scholar, writer and composer, who was born about 930, made bishop of Speyer in 970, and died in 986 or 987. Educated at the famous monastery in St. Gallen, he went as a wandering student in search of learning as far as North Spain. He had a special veneration for St Fridolin, founder of a convent in Säckingen. On his travels Balther found a copy of a Life of St Fridolin, memorized it, wrote it down on his return home, composed chants to be sung on the feast day of the saint, and sent both the Life (vita) and the chants (historia) to one of his former teachers at St. Gallen for approval. Balther says he composed them “per musicam artem”, “according to the art of music”. This paper tells how Balther’s chants came to be composed and compares them with others in order to understand what was considered to be “musical art” around 970.
Editor(s)-in-Chief: Péter BOZÓ (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
Review Editor: Lynn HOOKER (Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA)
Martin ELEK (University of Oxford, Oxford, GB)
Belinda ROBINSON (University of Cambridge, GB)
Viktória OZSVÁRT (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
Patrick DEVINE (Maynooth University, Maynooth, IRL)
Anja BUNZEL (Institute of Art History, Czech Academy of Sciences, CZ)
William A. EVERETT (Conservatory University of Missouri-Kansas City, USA)
Márta GRABÓCZ (University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, F)
Denis HERLIN (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, F)
János KÁRPÁTI (professor emeritus, Liszt Academy of Music, Budapest, H)
Katalin KOMLÓS (professor emerita, Liszt Academy of Music, Budapest, H)
Valeria LUCENTINI (University of Bern, CH)
Tatjana MARKOVIĆ (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, A)
Pál RICHTER (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
László SOMFAI (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
László VIKÁRIUS (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
István Csaba NÉMETH (Institute for Musicology, Research Centre for the Humanities, Budapest, H)
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2020 Volume 61
Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
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