Authors:
Andrej Šoltész Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

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Dana Baroková Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

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Zinaw Dingetu Shenga Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

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Michaela Červeňanská Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava

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Presented paper deals with the hydraulic assessment of groundwater flow in the area affected by the realization of the hydraulic gate on the Klátov branch and in the adjacent territory of a dike, which is located on the right-side of Little Danube. This hydraulic assessment is part of the project of the Slovak Water Management Enterprise, which also aims to increase the height and seal the dike on the right-side of the Little Danube. Generally, the project is divided into three phases (Phase I, II and III) to implement different technical measures to protect the area from flooding. The assumption for the execution of the technical measures of the mentioned three project phases is a continuous flood protection of part of the Žitný ostrov area around the Little Danube and the Klátov River branch in the reach from Kolárovo to Jahodná town. Therefore, a 3D mathematical model was created to simulate groundwater flow by changing boundary conditions of surface water flow during flood periods.

## Abstract

Presented paper deals with the hydraulic assessment of groundwater flow in the area affected by the realization of the hydraulic gate on the Klátov branch and in the adjacent territory of a dike, which is located on the right-side of Little Danube. This hydraulic assessment is part of the project of the Slovak Water Management Enterprise, which also aims to increase the height and seal the dike on the right-side of the Little Danube. Generally, the project is divided into three phases (Phase I, II and III) to implement different technical measures to protect the area from flooding. The assumption for the execution of the technical measures of the mentioned three project phases is a continuous flood protection of part of the Žitný ostrov area around the Little Danube and the Klátov River branch in the reach from Kolárovo to Jahodná town. Therefore, a 3D mathematical model was created to simulate groundwater flow by changing boundary conditions of surface water flow during flood periods.

## 1 Introduction

Increasing the flood protection of the right-side of the Little Danube was an impulse for the elaboration of the project, ‘Increasing the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch of Danube and Váh River’, from the workshop of Slovak Water Management Enterprise, s. e. Bratislava [1]. Several technical measures, which are divided into three phases, should be implemented in order to protect the territory from flooding [2]. In the first phase of the project, a closure structure (hydraulic gate) on Klátov branch is designed along with the construction of a transverse dike and its connection to the existing right-side dike of the Little Danube and Klátov branch. In the second phase, modification of existing right-side dike on the Little Danube is designed. This phase is planned to be implemented in two stages. The first stage of second phase covers modification of right-side dike on Little Danube, which extends 4.960 km from the section of Asód to Topoľníky village and 2.125 km from section of Topoľníky to Trhová Hradská village. The second stage of the second phase covers further modification of right-side dike on the Little Danube, which extends 8.514 km from section of Trhová Hradská to Horné Mýto village. In the third phase of the project, a similar modification, which extends about 10.990 km is proposed for the section from Kolárovo village to pump station of Asód. A schematic representation of the above technical measures is shown in Fig. 1.

In Fig. 1, the right part detail shows the location of the gate structure, which according to the project is situated on the Klátov branch in between the dike area on the right-side of the Little Danube. The designed gate structure will be kept open under normal operating condition and it is designed to allow gravitational flow of water from the Klátov branch to the Little Danube. However, during flood period, i.e. after reaching flood level of 110.90 m a.s.l., the water starts to drain, and the gate closes gradually. After the water level reaches 111.30 m a.s.l., water from the Klátov branch should be pumped to Little Danube and the water level in Klátov branch immediately before the gate will be maintained at elevation of 110.90 m a.s.l. [1].

The modification of the existing right-side dike of the Little Danube consists of sealing it and increasing the dike height to a level of 114.00 m a.s.l. The existence of privileged seepage routes in certain sections of the right-side dike and the related phenomenon observed during the floods have led to the need to extend the seepage path and seal the subsoil layer located under the dike [3]. As the impermeable layer is located too deep under the terrain, it is advisable to extend the seepage path with help of a vertical sealing element (a suspended underground sealing wall), which intersects the permeable layers located under the dike. Due to high horizontal permeability in this area, some grain materials float with the flood and reduce the resistance of the dike.

Additionally, the project includes assessments of the impacts of the proposed technical measures on the groundwater regime at normal flow condition as well as during flood period in the Little Danube. Therefore, the main goal of this paper is to predict the change in groundwater flow and also compare the groundwater regime before and after construction of the gate structure.

## 2 Input data and method

TRIWACO, an integrated modeling environment [4] was used to carry out a numerical simulation of groundwater flow to study the impacts of the proposed technical flood protection measures on the groundwater regime. It is a computer-based program to run quasi three-dimensional groundwater flow based on the finite element method [4]. It has capability to simulate both steady and transient groundwater flow in different aquifer systems [4]. It is designed to translate and process standard input data to input files of certain model codes [4].

As the accuracy of groundwater simulation depends on the quality and quantity of input data [5], it was necessary to obtain different input data to develop the conceptual model. Analysis of the current situation, calibration of the model and prediction of the development of groundwater after implementation of the planned structure highly depends on the quality of the input data [6], [7].

### 2.1 Hydrological data

Information about groundwater and surface water was used for mathematical simulation of groundwater flow. The observed long-term average piezometric groundwater level in the observation boreholes were obtained from Slovak Hydro-Meteorological Institute (SHMI) [8]. However, the temporal development of piezometric groundwater level in SHMI boreholes was obtained for 2006 flood wave (see Fig. 2).

A different flow scenario data in the Little Danube and Klátov River branch was obtained from Danish Hydraulic Institute (DHI) [9] and used to create a 2D mathematical model for simulation of the area influenced by the surface water. For both groundwater and surface water, the time course of the flood wave in the Little Danube at the turn of March-April 2006 was used.

The time course of the flood wave at different profile in Little Danube is shown in Fig. 2. The selected water levels for different flow scenarios in the Little Danube are shown in Table I and Table II. The water level in the Little Danube for simulated scenarios in Table I and Table II for the section starting at the confluence of the Little Danube and with direct connection to the water level of Váh River (river kilometer (rkm) Little Danube 0.00) to the Jahodná - bridge profile (rkm 42.25) are shown in Fig. 3.

Table I

Simulated scenarios for different discharges in Little Danube River (DHI, 2018 a)

Scenario labelDischarge Q (Little Danube)Discharge Q (Klátov branch)Water level at estuary of Klátov branch without back waterWater level in the Little Danube at Kolárovo free outflow
[m3•s -1][m3•s -1][m a.s.l.][m a.s.l.]
h20 205108.41106.50
h35355108.78107.00
h50505109.15107.35
h69695109.51107.40
Table II

Water level values in the Little Danube River during the flood in 2006 (DHI, 2018 b, d) (hVH water levels at the beginning of the flood wave, hMAX - culmination water level)

LabelDate of

Simulation
Water

level at

Jahodná -bridge
Water

level at

Trstice gauge
Water level at

Klástov branch

Estuary(backwater from Váh River)
Water level in the

Little Danube at

Kolárovo (backwater from Váh River)
[m a.s.l.][m a.s.l.][m a.s.l.][m a.s.l.]
hVH28.3.2006112.33111.033111.02111.02
hMAX3.4.2006113.999113.956114.01114.00

### 2.2 Hydrogeological data

The area of interest consists of fluvial quaternary sediments and fine-grained alluvial sands [10], [11]. From lithological point of view, it is a gravel-sand complex with high specific flow (q ≥ 1x10-2 m2s-1). The aquifer with a free surface exceeds a thickness of 100 m in the area of interest. It is characterized by gravel sediments with high hydraulic conductivity values ranging from k = 1.37×10-4 m•s-1 to 7.5×10-3 m•s-1. From hydrogeological point of view, the area of interest is known by pebble sediments of the Little Danube and the Klátov River branch [9], [12]. The groundwater regime in this area is a result of those sediments and it is influenced by surface water flow and atmospheric precipitation [13]. A research conducted by [14] indicated that groundwater is located at 108.5 to 109.5 m a.s.l. (i.e. 2.1 to 3.2 m below the terrain).

### 2.3 Topography

The relief of the area has a flat character and it is divided only by networks of surface water streams. The elevation of the terrain ranges between 112 and 114 m a.s.l. [15].

### 2.4 Method

In order to achieve the goal of the model (i.e. predicting the development of groundwater and comparing the state before and after the intervention in the natural groundwater regime), it is only possible if the mathematical model is calibrated properly for the current state of the so-called ‘normal’ steady state and then for the transient state.

The boundary of the model was set based on groundwater water level in SHMI boreholes and inflow to the boundary of the model area. Water level in Little Danube, Klátov branch and Váh River [9] were used as internal boundary condition. On the other hand, the observed water level in SHMI boreholes were used for calibration and some of them were used for setting the boundary condition.

For simulation of steady state groundwater flow, the following assumptions were used:

• the water level in the Little Danube is not affected by backwater from Váh River;

• the water level in the Little Danube (h20, h35, h50 and h69) corresponds to the scenarios for flow rate Q = 20, 35, 50 and 69 m3•s-1 (see Table I) and then the scenarios hVH (water level at the beginning of the flood wave) and hMAX (culminated water level) (see Table II);

• the water level in Klátov branch corresponds to the flow rate Q = 5 m3•s-1 (see Table I); and

• gate structure at confluence of Little Danube and Klátov branch, which is not constructed yet.

The whole series of simulations were carried out for the proposed variants as defined in the individual project stages [1].

After introducing an initial condition for the steady state flow, transient simulation was carried out based on the following assumptions:

• a flood wave of Q100 in Little Danube;

• a flood wave in a Váh River which considers current flow state and prognosis of the gate structure at estuary of Klátov branch when the water level in the Little Danube rises above 111.30 m a.s.l.

### 2.5 Model calibration

After setting boundary conditions and the compilation of individual scenarios and calculation variants, the created mathematical model is calibrated for steady state flow condition. The calibration was performed for the average annual flow rate in the Little Danube, which is about 35 m3•s-1 according to. Additionally, the observed average groundwater level in SHMI boreholes (shown in Fig. 2) was also included for calibration purposes. Isolines of simulated piezometric head of groundwater, i.e, course of hydroisohypse of the model are shown in Fig. 4.

Fig. 5 illustrates the differences between simulated and observed groundwater head as well as the labels (codes) of groundwater observation boreholes of the SHMI. The absolute values of the difference between the observed and simulated groundwater head ranges between 0.00 and 0.07 m at the vicinity of the gate structure, which is acceptable and, therefore, the mathematical model can be used for further simulation.

## 3 Discussion

The results of simulation variants of steady state groundwater flow in the area of interest [16], proved that the difference in piezometric head after realization of the three phases ranges from 0.00 - 0.05 m on the right-side of territory of the Little Danube for the scenario Q = 20 m3•s-1 in the Little Danube. However, for the scenario Q = 69 m3•s-1 in the Little Danube, the difference in the piezometric head ranges from 0.00 to 0.20 m. As the discharge in the Little Danube is expected to be relatively small, the difference in piezometric head in the area of interest is negligible.

The transformed flood wave, at selected profiles of Little Danube (see Fig. 2), which was mathematically analyzed by DHI [9] was used as internal boundary condition to run the transient simulation of the groundwater flow. The water level in the Little Danube, Klátov River branch and Váh River was entered at an interval of 1 day to carry out the transient simulation. Additionally, simulated piezometric head corresponding to Q35 scenario, i.e. piezometric head that corresponds to water level in the Little Danube at a discharge of Q = 35 m3•s-1 (see Fig. 3), was used as initial condition to carry out the transient simulation.

The results of this transient simulation are illustrated in Fig. 6 as spatial course of the change in piezometric head before and after the implementation of the planned project. The simulation dates (see Table III) were chosen according to the development of the flood wave in the Little Danube. However, the courses of differences of the piezometric groundwater levels on the 35th day of simulation and observation well OW1-10 marking is shown in Fig. 7.

Table III

Designation of the days of groundwater flow modeling

DayDateRemarkDayDateRemark
2626.03.2006Beginning of flood wave4312.04.2006Recession
3131.03.2006Rise in the flood wave4817.04.2006Steady state
3504.04.2006Culmination of flood6029.04.2006End of flood
wavewave

## 4 Conclusions

The planned flood protection measure will have a meaning, in particular, in the first stage of implementation of the project, if the area along the Klátov branch will be protected during flood wave. The mathematical modeling of the transient groundwater flow by the finite element method proved that increase in the height of the dike on the right-side of the Little Danube to 114.00 m a.s.l. along with construction of suspended underground wall (implementation of stage II and III) will have a positive impact on the course of piezometric head in the adjacent area of interest during normal flow in the Little Danube. However, there is a little change in the piezometric head in the very narrow strip along the southeast of the dike.

## Acknowledgements

The contribution was developed within the frame and based on the financial support of the APVV-15-0489 project ‘Analysis of droughts by multi-criterial statistical methods and data mining from the viewpoint of preventive structures in a landscape as well as under contract No. APVV-16-0278 project ‘Use of hydromelioration structures for mitigation of the negative extreme hydrological phenomena effects and their impacts on the quality of water bodies in agricultural landscapes’.

The paper was also developed within the frame of and based on the financial support of the VEGA 1/0800/17 project ‘Optimization of the flood protection of municipalities in river basin of mountain streams’.

• [1]

Frankovský P. Improving the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch from Váh River, 1st phase (in Slovak), Bratislava, 2017.

• Export Citation
• [2]

Korytárová J., Šlezingr M., Uhmannová H. Determination of potential damage to representatives of real estate property in areas afflicted by flooding, Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, Vol. 55, No. 4, 2007, pp. 282285.

• Export Citation
• [3]

Bednárová E., Škvarka J. Grambličková D. Geotechnical groundwater protection system, Proceedings of the 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, Albena, Bulgaria, 29 June-5 July 2017, Vol. 17, No. 12, 2017, pp. 373380.

• Export Citation
• [4]

Haskoning R. Triwaco groundwater modeling software, TRIWACO User’s Manual, The Netherlands, 2004.

• [5]

Karay G., Szilágyi M., Hajnal G. Determination of the transmissivity of a karstified aquifer from mine dewatering data, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2016, pp. 117128.

• Export Citation
• [6]

Khosravi K., Shahabi H., Pham B. T., Adamowski J., Shirzadi A., Pradhan B., Dou J., Ly H. B., Gróf G., Ho H. L., Hong H., Chapi K., Parakash C. A comparative assessment of flood susceptibility modeling using multi-criteria decision-making analysis and machine learning methods, Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 573, 2019, pp. 311323.

• Crossref
• Export Citation
• [7]

Julínek T. Assessing stream water quality influenced by storm overflows from sewers, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2017, pp. 117128.

• [8]

Kullman E. Groundwater 2016, Hydrological Yearbook (in Slovak), Bratislava, 2017.

• [9]

Mišík M., Stoklasa M., Kučera M. Closure structure with pump station on Little Danube and Kolárov River Branch- hydrodynamic modeling for initial study, Final Report under Contract No. 1779/2017-BA (in Slovak), Bratislava, 2018.

• Export Citation
• [10]

Pristaš J., Horniš J., Halouzka R., Maglay J., Konečný V., Lexa J., Nagy A., Vass D., Vozár J. Surface geological map of the Danube region, 1:50 000 (DANREG), Archive ŠGÚDŠ, 1992.

• Export Citation
• [11]

Šulek P., Kinczer T. Expert control system of shipping operation on the Gabcikovo project, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2019, pp. 139150.

• Crossref
• Export Citation
• [12]

Tall A., Kandra B., Gomboš, M., Pavelková D. The influence of soil texture on the course of volume changes of soil, Soil and Water Research, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2019, pp. 5766.

• Crossref
• Export Citation
• [13]

Dušek P., Velísková Y. Comparison of the modflow modules for the simulation of the river type boundary condition, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2017, pp. 313.

• Crossref
• Export Citation
• [14]

Kminiaková K., Kminiak M., Porubský M. Improving the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch from Váh River, 1st phase- Closure Structure (in Slovak), Report under Contract No. 814/2017-BA, Bratislava, 2017.

• Export Citation
• [15]

Improving the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch from Váh River, ENPRO Consult LLC, (in Slovak), 2012.

• Export Citation
• [16]

Šoltész A., Baroková D. Improving the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch from Váh River, phase I, II, II- Numerical Analysis and prognosis of groundwater flow, Final Report under Contract No. 1358/2018-BA (in Slovak), Bratislava, 2018.

• Export Citation
• [1]

Frankovský P. Improving the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch from Váh River, 1st phase (in Slovak), Bratislava, 2017.

• Export Citation
• [2]

Korytárová J., Šlezingr M., Uhmannová H. Determination of potential damage to representatives of real estate property in areas afflicted by flooding, Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, Vol. 55, No. 4, 2007, pp. 282285.

• Export Citation
• [3]

Bednárová E., Škvarka J. Grambličková D. Geotechnical groundwater protection system, Proceedings of the 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, Albena, Bulgaria, 29 June-5 July 2017, Vol. 17, No. 12, 2017, pp. 373380.

• Export Citation
• [4]

Haskoning R. Triwaco groundwater modeling software, TRIWACO User’s Manual, The Netherlands, 2004.

• [5]

Karay G., Szilágyi M., Hajnal G. Determination of the transmissivity of a karstified aquifer from mine dewatering data, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2016, pp. 117128.

• Export Citation
• [6]

Khosravi K., Shahabi H., Pham B. T., Adamowski J., Shirzadi A., Pradhan B., Dou J., Ly H. B., Gróf G., Ho H. L., Hong H., Chapi K., Parakash C. A comparative assessment of flood susceptibility modeling using multi-criteria decision-making analysis and machine learning methods, Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 573, 2019, pp. 311323.

• Crossref
• Export Citation
• [7]

Julínek T. Assessing stream water quality influenced by storm overflows from sewers, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2017, pp. 117128.

• [8]

Kullman E. Groundwater 2016, Hydrological Yearbook (in Slovak), Bratislava, 2017.

• [9]

Mišík M., Stoklasa M., Kučera M. Closure structure with pump station on Little Danube and Kolárov River Branch- hydrodynamic modeling for initial study, Final Report under Contract No. 1779/2017-BA (in Slovak), Bratislava, 2018.

• Export Citation
• [10]

Pristaš J., Horniš J., Halouzka R., Maglay J., Konečný V., Lexa J., Nagy A., Vass D., Vozár J. Surface geological map of the Danube region, 1:50 000 (DANREG), Archive ŠGÚDŠ, 1992.

• Export Citation
• [11]

Šulek P., Kinczer T. Expert control system of shipping operation on the Gabcikovo project, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2019, pp. 139150.

• Crossref
• Export Citation
• [12]

Tall A., Kandra B., Gomboš, M., Pavelková D. The influence of soil texture on the course of volume changes of soil, Soil and Water Research, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2019, pp. 5766.

• Crossref
• Export Citation
• [13]

Dušek P., Velísková Y. Comparison of the modflow modules for the simulation of the river type boundary condition, Pollack Periodica, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2017, pp. 313.

• Crossref
• Export Citation
• [14]

Kminiaková K., Kminiak M., Porubský M. Improving the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch from Váh River, 1st phase- Closure Structure (in Slovak), Report under Contract No. 814/2017-BA, Bratislava, 2017.

• Export Citation
• [15]

Improving the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch from Váh River, ENPRO Consult LLC, (in Slovak), 2012.

• Export Citation
• [16]

Šoltész A., Baroková D. Improving the safety of the territory against the backflow of the Little Danube and Klátov River branch from Váh River, phase I, II, II- Numerical Analysis and prognosis of groundwater flow, Final Report under Contract No. 1358/2018-BA (in Slovak), Bratislava, 2018.

• Export Citation
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Editor(s)-in-Chief: Iványi, Amália

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Iványi, Péter

Scientific Secretary

Miklós M. Iványi

Editorial Board

• Bálint Bachmann (Institute of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Jeno Balogh (Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Metropolitan State University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, USA)
• Radu Bancila (Department of Geotechnical Engineering and Terrestrial Communications Ways, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, “Politehnica” University Timisoara, Romania)
• Charalambos C. Baniotopolous (Department of Civil Engineering, Chair of Sustainable Energy Systems, Director of Resilience Centre, School of Engineering, University of Birmingham, U.K.)
• Oszkar Biro (Graz University of Technology, Institute of Fundamentals and Theory in Electrical Engineering, Austria)
• Ágnes Borsos (Institute of Architecture, Department of Interior, Applied and Creative Design, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Matteo Bruggi (Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Ambientale, Politecnico di Milano, Italy)
• Petra Bujňáková (Department of Structures and Bridges, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Žilina, Slovakia)
• Anikó Borbála Csébfalvi (Department of Civil Engineering, Institute of Smart Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Mirjana S. Devetaković (Faculty of Architecture, University of Belgrade, Serbia)
• Szabolcs Fischer (Department of Transport Infrastructure and Water Resources Engineering, Faculty of Architerture, Civil Engineering and Transport Sciences Széchenyi István University, Győr, Hungary)
• Radomir Folic (Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad Serbia)
• Jana Frankovská (Department of Geotechnics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia)
• János Gyergyák (Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Institute of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Kay Hameyer (Chair in Electromagnetic Energy Conversion, Institute of Electrical Machines, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, RWTH Aachen University, Germany)
• Elena Helerea (Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Transilvania University of Brasov, Romania)
• Ákos Hutter (Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Institute of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technolgy, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Károly Jármai (Institute of Energy and Chemical Machinery, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Informatics, University of Miskolc, Hungary)
• Teuta Jashari-Kajtazi (Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Prishtina, Kosovo)
• Róbert Kersner (Department of Technical Informatics, Institute of Information and Electrical Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Rita Kiss  (Biomechanical Cooperation Center, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary)
• István Kistelegdi  (Department of Building Structures and Energy Design, Institute of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Stanislav Kmeť (President of University Science Park TECHNICOM, Technical University of Kosice, Slovakia)
• Imre Kocsis  (Department of Basic Engineering Research, Faculty of Engineering, University of Debrecen, Hungary)
• László T. Kóczy (Department of Information Sciences, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Informatics and Electrical Engineering, University of Győr, Hungary)
• Dražan Kozak (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Croatia)
• György L. Kovács (Department of Technical Informatics, Institute of Information and Electrical Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Balázs Géza Kövesdi (Department of Structural Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Budapest University of Engineering and Economics, Budapest, Hungary)
• Tomáš Krejčí (Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic)
• Jaroslav Kruis (Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Czech Republic)
• Miklós Kuczmann (Department of Automations, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Informatics and Electrical Engineering, Széchenyi István University, Győr, Hungary)
• Tibor Kukai (Department of Engineering Studies, Institute of Smart Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Maria Jesus Lamela-Rey (Departamento de Construcción e Ingeniería de Fabricación, University of Oviedo, Spain)
• János Lógó  (Department of Structural Mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Hungary)
• Carmen Mihaela Lungoci (Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Universitatea Transilvania Brasov, Romania)
• Frédéric Magoulés (Department of Mathematics and Informatics for Complex Systems, Centrale Supélec, Université Paris Saclay, France)
• Gabriella Medvegy (Department of Interior, Applied and Creative Design, Institute of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Tamás Molnár (Department of Visual Studies, Institute of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Ferenc Orbán (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Smart Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Zoltán Orbán (Department of Civil Engineering, Institute of Smart Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Dmitrii Rachinskii (Department of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Texas at Dallas, Texas, USA)
• Chro Radha (Chro Ali Hamaradha) (Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Technical College of Engineering, Department of City Planning, Kurdistan Region, Iraq)
• Maurizio Repetto (Department of Energy “Galileo Ferraris”, Politecnico di Torino, Italy)
• Zoltán Sári (Department of Technical Informatics, Institute of Information and Electrical Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Grzegorz Sierpiński (Department of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering, Faculty of Transport, Silesian University of Technology, Katowice, Poland)
• Zoltán Siménfalvi (Institute of Energy and Chemical Machinery, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Informatics, University of Miskolc, Hungary)
• Andrej Šoltész (Department of Hydrology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia)
• Zsolt Szabó (Faculty of Information Technology and Bionics, Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Hungary)
• Mykola Sysyn (Chair of Planning and Design of Railway Infrastructure, Institute of Railway Systems and Public Transport, Technical University of Dresden, Germany)
• András Timár (Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)
• Barry H. V. Topping (Heriot-Watt University, UK, Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Pécs, Hungary)

POLLACK PERIODICA
Pollack Mihály Faculty of Engineering
Institute: University of Pécs
Address: Boszorkány utca 2. H–7624 Pécs, Hungary
Phone/Fax: (36 72) 503 650

E-mail: peter.ivanyi@mik.pte.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

• SCOPUS
• CABELLS Journalytics

2022
Web of Science
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago
Scimago
H-index
14
Scimago
Journal Rank
0.298
Scimago Quartile Score

Civil and Structural Engineering (Q3)
Computer Science Applications (Q3)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) (Q3)
Modeling and Simulation (Q3)
Software (Q3)

Scopus
Scopus
Cite Score
1.4
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Civil and Structural Engineering 256/350 (27th PCTL)
Modeling and Simulation 244/316 (22nd PCTL)
General Materials Science 351/453 (22nd PCTL)
Computer Science Applications 616/792 (22nd PCTL)
Software 344/404 (14th PCTL)
Scopus
SNIP
0.861

2021
Web of Science
Total Cites
WoS
not indexed
Journal Impact Factor not indexed
Rank by Impact Factor

not indexed

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
not indexed
5 Year
Impact Factor
not indexed
Journal Citation Indicator not indexed
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

not indexed

Scimago
Scimago
H-index
12
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,26
Scimago Quartile Score Civil and Structural Engineering (Q3)
Materials Science (miscellaneous) (Q3)
Computer Science Applications (Q4)
Modeling and Simulation (Q4)
Software (Q4)
Scopus
Scopus
Cite Score
1,5
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Civil and Structural Engineering 232/326 (Q3)
Computer Science Applications 536/747 (Q3)
General Materials Science 329/455 (Q3)
Modeling and Simulation 228/303 (Q4)
Software 326/398 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,613

2020
Scimago
H-index
11
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,257
Scimago
Quartile Score
Civil and Structural Engineering Q3
Computer Science Applications Q3
Materials Science (miscellaneous) Q3
Modeling and Simulation Q3
Software Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
340/243=1,4
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Civil and Structural Engineering 219/318 (Q3)
Computer Science Applications 487/693 (Q3)
General Materials Science 316/455 (Q3)
Modeling and Simulation 217/290 (Q4)
Software 307/389 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
1,09
Scopus
Cites
321
Scopus
Documents
67
Days from submission to acceptance 136
Days from acceptance to publication 239
Acceptance
Rate
48%

2019
Scimago
H-index
10
Scimago
Journal Rank
0,262
Scimago
Quartile Score
Civil and Structural Engineering Q3
Computer Science Applications Q3
Materials Science (miscellaneous) Q3
Modeling and Simulation Q3
Software Q3
Scopus
Cite Score
269/220=1,2
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Civil and Structural Engineering 206/310 (Q3)
Computer Science Applications 445/636 (Q3)
General Materials Science 295/460 (Q3)
Modeling and Simulation 212/274 (Q4)
Software 304/373 (Q4)
Scopus
SNIP
0,933
Scopus
Cites
290
Scopus
Documents
68
Acceptance
Rate
67%

Pollack Periodica
Publication Model Hybrid
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 900 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription fee 2023 Online subsscription: 336 EUR / 411 USD
Print + online subscription: 405 EUR / 492 USD
Subscription Information Online subscribers are entitled access to all back issues published by Akadémiai Kiadó for each title for the duration of the subscription, as well as Online First content for the subscribed content.
Purchase per Title Individual articles are sold on the displayed price.

Pollack Periodica
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2006
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
3
Founder's
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher's
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
ISSN 1788-1994 (Print)
ISSN 1788-3911 (Online)

Nov 2023 0 51 3
Dec 2023 0 137 2
Jan 2024 0 101 3
Feb 2024 0 126 7
Mar 2024 0 105 3
Apr 2024 0 11 5
May 2024 0 0 0

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