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  • 1 Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar II. Belgyógyászati Klinika Budapest Szentkirályi u. 46. 1088
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A mellékvesekéreg-carcinoma ritka, rossz prognózisú daganat. Döntően sporadikus előfordulású, de ismertek nagyon ritka öröklődő formái is, amelyek a patogenezis megértésében nagy segítséget nyújtanak. A mellékvesekéreg-daganatokra hajlamosító öröklődő szindrómák közé tartozik a Li–Fraumeni-szindróma, a Beckwith–Wiedemann-szindróma, a familiáris adenomatosus polyposis, illetve a döntően benignus daganatokkal társuló multiplex endokrin neoplasia 1-es típusa (MEN1), Carney-komplex és McCune–Albright-szindróma. A mellékvesekéreg-daganatok patogenezisében szereplő főbb mechanizmusok közé tartozik az inzulinszerű növekedési faktor-2 fokozott expressziója, a Wnt/β-katenin és a cAMP-proteinkináz-A jelátviteli utak aktivációja, valamint a p53 és MEN1 gének mutációi. A mellékvesekéreg-carcinoma kezelésében a gyógyszeres lehetőségek meglehetősen korlátozottak. Az utóbbi évek molekuláris-bioinformatikai kutatásai számos eddig ismeretlen patogenetikai út szerepét vetették fel, amelyek új gyógyszeres támadáspontok lehetőségét is jelenthetik. E tanulmányban a szerzők az öröklődő daganatszindrómák patogenezisét, a sporadikus daganatokban észlelt eltéréseket és a legújabb molekuláris-bioinformatikai eredményeket ismertetik.

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