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  • 1 Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar I. Szülészeti és Nőgyógyászati Klinika Budapest Baross utca 27. 1088
  • 2 Nagy Gén Diagnosztikai és Kutatási Kft. Budapest

A leiomyoma, a méh benignus, simaizom-eredetű daganata, a méheltávolítás leggyakoribb javallatát képezi világszerte. A tumor a nők akár 20–25%-ában is kialakulhat, olyan tüneteket okozva, mint vérzészavar, alhasi fájdalom, esetenként infertilitás. A kezelés fő irányát mind a mai napig a sebészi terápia jelenti, ugyanakkor mind több csekély invazivitású eljárás áll rendelkezésre, amelyek a hysterectomia és myomectomia alternatíváját jelentik. Ezen módszerek legnagyobb hátrányát az alkalmazásukat követően a recidívák kialakulása jelenti. Léteznek a gyógyszeres terápia lehetőségei is; ezek használatát azonban korlátozzák a hosszú távú kezelés kapcsán várható mellékhatások. A szerzők tanulmányukkal áttekintést nyújtanak e gyakori nőgyógyászati betegségről, amelynek biológiai-genetikai alapjait jobban megismerve a kezelés új és hatékony lehetőségei válhatnak a klinikusok számára elérhetővé. Orv. Hetil., 2010, 42, 1734–1741.

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