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  • 1 Debreceni Egyetem, Orvos- és Egészségtudományi Centrum Infektológiai és Gyermekimmunológiai Tanszék Debrecen Nagyerdei krt. 98. Pf. 73 4012
  • 2 Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Szent-Györgyi Albert Klinikai Központ Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika és Gyermekegészségügyi Központ Szeged
  • 3 Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar III. Belgyógyászati Klinika Budapest

A dyskeratosis congenita különböző öröklődésmenetet mutató ritka kórkép, amelyre csontvelő-elégtelenség és korai öregedés jellemző. A közleményben, egy felnőttkorban diagnosztizált beteg esete kapcsán, a szerzők áttekintést nyújtanak a betegség klinikumáról, patomechanizmusáról, genetikai hátteréről és a diagnosztikai, illetve terápiás lehetőségekről. A beteg esetében a dyskerint kódoló gén mutációanalízis-vizsgálata során a c.IVS2-5C>G splice site mutáció volt kimutatható. Az esetismertetéssel a szerzők felhívják a figyelmet a korai diagnózis jelentőségére, amely lehetővé teszi a súlyos, invazív fertőzések és noninfekciós szövődmények kialakulásának megelőzését, és a beteg idejekorán történő csontvelő-transzplantációs programba vételét. A genetikai vizsgálatok segítségével lehetőség nyílik az érintett családokban a hordozóállapot kiszűrésére, így a génszintű diagnosztika pótolhatatlan segítséget nyújt a családtervezésben és a praenatalis diagnosztikában is.

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