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  • 1 Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar I. Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika Budapest Bókay János u. 53–54. 1083
  • | 2 Bethesda Gyermekkórház Aneszteziológiai és Intenzív Terápiás Osztály Budapest
Open access

A kritikus állapotú betegek stressz-hyperglykaemiájának értékelése az elmúlt évtizedben jelentősen megváltozott. A vércukor szoros kontrolljának mortalitást csökkentő hatását igazolta több jelentős vizsgálat, ugyanakkor az ezt célzó inzulinkezelés megnöveli a hypoglykaemia kockázatát, amely független mortalitási tényező lehet. A hypoglykaemia szempontjából kiemelt jelentőségű a gyermekpopuláció, a fejlődő idegrendszer miatt. Ezek alapján joggal merül fel a vércukorváltozások intenzív osztályos monitorizálásának igénye, különösen gyermek betegeknél. A hagyományos, vérmintából történő vércukor-meghatározások nem tesznek lehetővé kellően szoros monitorizálást. A cukorbetegek számára kifejlesztett, a szövet közti glükóz meghatározásán alapuló módszerek (continuous glucose monitoring) jó alternatívát jelenthetnek az intenzív osztályos monitorizálásra, amennyiben felmérjük a rendszer korlátait. A mérés a szövet közti folyadékban történik, így a szöveti perfúzió változásai zavarhatják a pontosságát. A folyamatos glükózmonitoring módszer intenzív osztályos alkalmazását jelenleg még nem javasolják, amíg a rendszer megbízhatóságáról nem áll rendelkezésre elegendő adat. Összefoglaló közleményükben a szerzők a magyar klinikai gyakorlatban elterjedt Medtronic folyamatos szubkután glükózmonitorizáló rendszert értékelik, részben saját eredményeik alapján. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 1043–1048.

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