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  • 1 Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar I. Sebészeti Klinika Budapest Üllői út 78. 1082
  • 2 Kyoto University Hospital Department of Hepatobiliary, Pancreas, and Transplant Surgery Kyoto Japán
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Bevezetés: A felnőtt élődonoros májtranszplantáció a cadaver donorok hiánya miatt a transzplantáció, a szervnyerés egyik alternatív útja. Élődonorok kapcsán a recipiensnek adott kellő volumenű, súlyú graft mellett a donor biztonsága, szövődménymentes gyógyulása a fő cél. A középső vena hepatica, a speciális anatómiai helyzetéből fakadóan, jelentős dilemmát okoz. Az anatómiai jobb májlebenyek transzplantációjakor felmerül a középső vena hepatica S5 és S8-hoz futó ágainak rekonstrukciója. Célkitűzés: A szerzők célja a középső vena hepatica rekonstrukciós igényének anatómiai alapokon történő vizsgálata, illetve a portalis és vénás be-, kiáramlási fenomének leírása volt. Módszer: 130 élődonoros transzplantációban részt vett donor májanatómiai sajátosságait elemezték a MeVis szoftver segítségével. Bevezetésre került az úgynevezett portohepaticus aránytalanságot jelző szám (shift). Eredmények: Az esetek 64,6%-ában jobb vena hepatica dominancia volt jellemző, a bal vena hepatica sohasem volt domináns. A V5 és V8 területe közösen a jobb májlebeny 33,2±8,9%-a volt. A portalis territórium és vénás lefedettség korrelációi a következők voltak: bal lebenyben R2 = 0,7811, a középső vena hepaticához tartozó területen: R² = 0,5463 és a jobb vena hepaticához tartozó területen: R² = 0,5843. A shift átlagos értéke 28,2% volt. Következtetések: A vena portae és vena hepatica be- és kiáramlási mintázatában látható különbségek befolyással lehetnek a középső vena hepatica rekonstrukciójának kérdésére. Orv. Hetil., 2013, 154, 1417–1425.

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