Author: Éva Kis 1
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  • 1 Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar I. Gyermekgyógyászati Klinika Budapest Bókay J. u. 53. 1083
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Az ultrahangvizsgálat jelentősége és fontossága a modern képalkotó vizsgálatok (CT, MR, izotóp, PET/CT) elterjedésével csökkent, nemritkán csak mint első tájékozódó vizsgálat jelenik meg. A legújabb sokszeletes spirál-CT-kkel a képalkotás másodpercek alatt elvégezhető, ami a jelentős sugárterheléssel járó vizsgálatok számának drámai növekedéséhez vezetett, gyermekkorban is. Ugyanakkor nem feledkezhetünk meg arról, hogy az elmúlt években jelentős fejlődés történt az ultrahang-technológiában, a képminőség egyre jobb. A gyermekek ideális alanyai a vizsgálatnak, miután az esetek nagy részében testtömegük kisebb, kevesebb zsírt tartalmaz, így könnyen vizsgálhatók magas frekvenciájú transzducerrel, aminek következtében sokkal részletgazdagabb, jobb felbontású képek nyerhetők, mint általában felnőtteknél. Megfelelő készülék és gyakorlott, gyermekradiológiában tapasztalt vizsgáló esetében csaknem valamennyi testtájék vizsgálható, mindenképpen első választandó módszer, amely legtöbbször elegendő (esetleg röntgenvizsgálattal kiegészítve) a megfelelő diagnózis felállítására. A közlemény azokkal a lehetőségekkel foglalkozik, ahol a modern ultrahangkészülékek birtokában az ultrahangvizsgálat elegendő a pontos diagnózishoz. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(4), 132–140.

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