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  • 1 Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Budapest, Balassa u. 6., 1083

Absztrakt

Bevezetés: A traumatikus események gyakori előfordulása és azok pszichére gyakorolt negatív következményei fontossá teszik a hatékony pszichológiai intervenciók alkalmazását a poszttraumás stressz zavar megelőzésére. Célkitűzés: A tanulmány célja az aktuális kutatási eredmények áttekintése traumát követő korai pszichológiai intervenciók hatékonysága tekintetében. Módszer: A szerzők irodalomkeresést végeztek a ProQuest PILOTS, a PubMed és a Web of Science adatbázisokban releváns kulcsszavak alapján, 2005 és 2015 között megjelent publikációk között. Eredmények: Huszonegy közleményt azonosítottak, amelyekből 6-ban azonnali (72 órán belül), míg a fennmaradó 15-ben egy hónapon belül megkezdett korai intervenció hatékonyságát vizsgálták. A kutatási eredmények alapján az azonnali intervenciók nem bizonyulnak hatékonynak, míg a többalkalmas kognitív viselkedésterápiás módszerek hatékonyak lehetnek a tünetek csökkentésében. Következtetések: A többalkalmas kognitív viselkedésterápia előnyben részesítendő az azonnali, együléses intervenciókkal, különösképpen a debriefinggel szemben. Mivel tüneti csökkenés a kontrollszemélyeknél is megfigyelhető idővel, így a célzott intervenciók csak azok esetében ajánlottak, akik magasabb kockázatot mutatnak a poszttraumás stressz zavar kialakulására. Orv. Hetil., 2015, 156(33), 1321–1334.

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