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  • 1 Szegedi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar, Szeged, Tisza Lajos krt. 111., 6725
  • 2 Jena University Hospital, Jena, Germany
  • 3 SHR Wald-Klinikum Gera, Gera, Germany
  • 4 University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
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Absztrakt:

A hangszalag-immobilitást okozó kórképek terápiás lehetőségeinek fejlődése megkövetelte a diagnosztikai módszerek párhuzamos megújulását is. Az utóbbi években ez a tendencia vezetett a már 70 éve ismert laryngealis electromyographia újrafelfedezéséhez. A nemzetközi irodalom áttekintésével és saját tapasztalataik alapján a szerzők bemutatják az eljárás alkalmazásának indikációját, technikai követelményeit és módszertanát, különös tekintettel az eredmények értékelésére. A laryngealis electromyographia lehetővé teszi a beidegzési zavarból és a mechanikus fixációból adódó hangszalag-immobilitás elkülönítését. Hangszalagbénulás esetén továbbá segítséget nyújt az idegsérülés fokának objektív megbecsülésében, a betegség prognózisának felállításában, az esetleges hangréstágító beavatkozás indikációjában és pontos típusának meghatározásában. A dinamikus rehabilitációs beavatkozások várható egyre szélesebb elterjedése sem képzelhető el az eljárás rutinszerű alkalmazása nélkül. Ezek a lehetőségek mindenképpen szükségessé teszik a laryngealis electromyographia bevezetését a gégészeti centrumokban. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(8): 303–311.

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