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  • 1 Debreceni Egyetem, Debrecen
  • | 2 Debreceni Egyetem, Debrecen, Nagyerdei krt. 98., 4032
  • | 3 Debreceni Egyetem, Debrecen
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Az időskorú személyek száma és társadalmi aránya folyamatosan növekszik, különös tekintettel az európai országokra, de ez a világ teljes népességére is vonatkozik. Az idősebb korosztály arányának további gyarapodásával az öregedő társadalom egészségi állapotának romlása okozta szociális és egészségügyi szférákat érintő többletköltségek is egyre tovább emelkednek. Az öregedés folyamata az egészségi állapot romlásának és az általános funkcióképesség csökkenésének testi vonatkozásain túl a mentális, kognitív teljesítmény romlásával is együtt jár, ami tovább nehezíti az idős korosztály mindennapjait. Ezek a tények felhívják a figyelmet a beavatkozás megjósolható szükségességére. A korábbi vizsgálati eredmények szerint a fizikai aktivitás alkalmas lehet a kognitív működés javítására, a romlás megállítására és megelőzésére. A jelen közleményben áttekintjük a fizikai aktivitásnak a kognitív működésre kifejtett hatásait mind általánosságban, mind pedig három specifikus mozgásforma tekintetében, illetve a további aktuális kutatási irányokat is felvázoljuk. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(5): 163–168.

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