Authors:
M. Gholipoor Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Shahrood DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE Shahrood, Iran

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A. Soltani Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Gorgan Gorgan, Iran

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F. Shekari Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan Zanjan, Iran

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Fb. Shekari Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maragheh Maragheh, Iran

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In order to investigate the effects of salinity on water use efficiency (WUE) and its components, i.e. transpiration efficiency (TE), uptake efficiency (UE) and harvest index (HI), in chickpea, four chickpea cultivars were grown in pots containing soils with 0.8 (C=control), 2 (S1) and 3.9 (S2) dSm-1 salinity. At S1, the WUE of all cultivars increased, but subsequently decreased with increasing salinity. The relative contribution of TE to the sum of squares of WUE was relatively higher than UE and HI. Therefore, the TE component had a more crucial improving effect on WUE than the other two WUE components. At the S2 level, UE and HI were lower than in the control. Path analysis revealed that the simultaneous selection of non-stressed cultivars for higher TE and HI, and of salt-stressed cultivars for better TE and UE should be practised to improve WUE under non-stressed and high stress conditions, respectively. With respect to ion contents, the screening of salt-subjected cultivars for higher K+ content in the roots might result in an increase in both the total dry matter (TDM) and WUE of chickpea under stress conditions. Additionally, the selection of non-stressed cultivars on the basis of higher shoot Ca2+ concentration might stimulate the TDM and WUE of chickpea under non-stressed conditions.

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Acta Agronomica Hungarica
Language English
Russian
German
French
Size  
Year of
Foundation
1950
Publication
Programme
ceased
Volumes
per Year
 
Issues
per Year
 
Founder Magyar Tudományos Akadémia   
Founder's
Address
H-1051 Budapest, Hungary, Széchenyi István tér 9.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0238-0161 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2527 (Online)

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