View More View Less
  • 1 Zambia Agriculture Research Institute, P/B 7, Chilanga, Zambia
  • | 2 Agricultural Research Council-GCI, Private Bag X1251, Potchefstroom 2520, Republic of South Africa
  • | 3 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 101, 230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
  • | 4 University of the Free State, PO Box/Posbus 339, Bloemfontein 9300, Republic of South Africa
Restricted access

Sorghum is, globally, the fifth most important cereal after maize, rice, wheat and barley. The crop is tolerant to semi-arid and arid climatic conditions. Twenty-five sorghum varieties grown in South Africa were evaluated in the field at two locations with the objective of identifying high yielding, micronutrient dense genotypes. Two clusters were formed based on measured traits. Tx430 (G13), CIMMYT entry 49 (G12), E35-1 (G16), Framida (G19), IS1934 (G7) and IS14380 (G14) formed cluster A. The rest of the sorghum entries formed cluster B. Wide variation was exhibited for grain yield, ranging from 1.12 t ha−1 to 3.96 t ha−1 with a mean grain yield of 2.83 tha−1. Analysis of variance also revealed significant differences among the varieties for protein, total starch, amylose and mineral content. Two varieties, Tx430 and AR-3048 exhibited very high protein content. Fe content ranged from 43.7 mg kg−1 (Kuyuma) to 61.2 mg kg−1 (IS14380) with an average of 50.5 mg kg−1. Zn content ranged from 13.7 mg kg−1 (Macia) to 23.4 mg kg−1 (Tx430) with a mean of 17.4 mg kg−1. Grain yield was significantly positively correlated with plant height, panicle weight and thousand kernel weight. Significant positive correlations were observed between Fe content and Zn, Cu, Mn and P. This data indicated that simultaneous genetic improvement of sorghum varieties for Fe and other important minerals, and starch content in the same genetic background was possible, without a penalty to grain yield.

  • Allen, L., de Benoist, B., Dary, O., Hurrell, R. 2006. Guidelines on Food Fortification with Micronutrients. World Health Organisation. Geneva, Switzerland

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • AOAC 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th Ed. Vol. 1. Official Method 985.01. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

  • Baenzinger, M., Long, J. 2000. The potential for increasing the iron and zinc density of maize through plant breeding. Food Nutr. Bull. 21:397400.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cakmak, I. 2008. Enrichment of cereal grains with zinc: agronomic or genetic biofortification. Plant Soil 302:117.

  • Deja Cruz, N., Khush, G.S. 2000. Rice grain quality evaluation procedures. In: Singh, R.K., Singh, U.S., Khush, G.S. (eds), Aromatic Rice. Oxford and IBA Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dendy, D.A.V. 1995. Sorghum and Millets: Chemistry and Technology. American Association of Cereal Chemists, Inc. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2012. FAOSTAT.

  • Hirschi, K.D. 2009. Nutrient biofortification of food crops. Annu. Rev. Nutr. 29:401421.

  • Hussain, A., Larsson, H., Kuktaite, R., Johansson, E. 2010. Mineral composition of organically grown wheat genotypes: Contribution to daily minerals intake. Int. J. Environ. Res. Pub. Health 7:34423456.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • IBGR and ICRISAT 1993. Descriptors for sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Int. Board for Plant Genetic Resources, Rome, Italy and International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Pancheru, India.

  • Klopfenstein, C.F., Hoseney, R.C. 1995. Nutritional Properties of Sorghum and the Millets. In: Dendy, D.A.V. (ed.), American Association of Cereal Chemists. St. Paul, MN, USA. pp. 125168.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kumar, A.A., Reddy, B.V.S., Ramaiah, B., Reddy, S.P., Sahrawat, K.L., Upadhyaya, H.D. 2009. Genetic variability and plant character association of grain Fe and Zn in selected core collection accessions of sorghum germplasm and breeding varieties. J. SAT Agri. Res. 7:14.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kumar, A.A., Reddy, B.V.S., Sahrawat, K.L., Ramaiah, B. 2010. Combating micronutrient malnutrition: identification of commercial sorghum cultivars with high iron and zinc. J. SAT Agric. Res. 8:15.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kumar, A.A., Reddy, B.V.S., Sharma, H.C., Hash, C.T., Srinivasa Rao, P., Ramaiah, B., Reddy, S.P. 2011. Recent advances in sorghum genetic enhancement research at ICRISAT. Am. J. Plant Sci. 2:589600.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Merrill, A.L., Watt, B.K. 1973. Energy Value of Foods: Basis and Derivation. ARS, United States Department of Agriculture. Washington D.C., USA.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ng’uni, D., Geleta, M., Johansson, E., Fatih, M., Bryngelsson, T. 2011. Characterization of Southern African sorghum varieties for mineral contents: Prospects for breeding for grain mineral dense varieties. Afr. J. Food Sci. 5:436445.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ng’uni, D., Geleta, M., Hofvander, P., Fatih, M., Bryngelsson, T. 2012. Comparative genetic diversity band nutritional quality variation among some important Southern African sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 6:5664.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Oikeh, S.O., Menkir, A., Maziya-Dixon, B., Welch, R., Glahn, R.P. 2003. Assessment of concentrations of iron and zinc and bioavailable iron in grain of early-maturing tropical maize varieties. J. Agric. Food Chem. 51:36883694.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Payne, R.W., Murray, D.A., Harding, S.A., Baird, D.B., Soutar, D.M. 2009. GenStat for Windows (15th Edition) Introduction. VSN International. Hemel Hempstead, UK.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rao, P., Birthal, B.S., Reddy, B.V.S., Rai, K.N., Ramesh, S. 2006. Diagnostics of sorghum and pearl millet grain-based nutrition in India. Int. Sorghum and Millets Newsl. 47:9396.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reddy, B.V.S., Ramesh, S., Longvah, T. 2005. Prospects of breeding for micronurtrients and carotene dense sorghums. International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter 46:1014.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reddy, P.S., Reddy, B.V.S., Kumar A., Ramesh S., Sahrawat K.L., Venkateswara Rao, P. 2010. Association of grain Fe and Zn contents with agronomic traits in sorghum. Indian J. of Plant Genet. Res. 23:280284.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rohlf, F.J. 2008. NTSYSpc: Numerical Taxonomy System, ver 2.20. Exeter Publishing, Ltd. Setauket, N.Y., USA.

  • Zhang, Y., Song, Q., Yan, J., Tang, J., Zhao, R., Zhang, Y., He, Z., Zou, C., Ortiz-Monasterio, I. 2010. Mineral element concentrations in grains of Chinese wheat cultivar. Euphytica 174:303313.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Click HERE for submission guidelines

Manuscript submission: CRC Manuscript Submission


Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Pauk, János

Technical Editor(s): Hajdu Buza, Kornélia

Technical Editor(s): Lantos, Csaba

Editorial Board

  • A. Aniol (Poland)
  • P. S. Baenziger (USA)
  • R.K. Behl (India)
  • F. Békés (Australia)
  • L. Bona (Hungary)
  • A. Börner (Germany)
  • R. N. Chibbar (Canada)
  • S. Gottwald (Germany)
  • A. Goyal (Canada)
  • H. Grausgruber (Austria)
  • T. Harangozó (Hungary)
  • E. Kapusi (Austria)
  • E.K. Khlestkina (Russia)
  • J. Kolmer (USA)
  • V. Korzun (Germany)
  • R. A. McIntosh (Australia)
  • Á. Mesterházy (Hungary)
  • A. Mohan (USA)
  • I. Molnár (Hungary)
  • M. Molnár-Láng (Hungary)
  • A. Pécsváradi (Hungary)
  • S. K. Rasmussen (Denmark)
  • N. Rostoks (Latvia)
  • M. Taylor (Germany)
  • J. Zhang (China)
  • X.F. Zhang (USA)


Senior Editorial Board

  • P. Bartos (Czech Republic)
  • H. Bürstmayr (Austria)
  • J. Johnson (USA)
  • Z. Kertész (Hungary)
  • G. Kimber (USA)
  • J. Matuz (Hungary)

Cereal Research Communications
Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. Company
Address: P.O. Box 391, H-6701 Szeged, Hungary
Phone: +36 62 435 235
Fax: +36 62 420 101

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • AgBiotechNet Abstracts
  • Agricola
  • Biological Abstracts
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Current Contents/Agriculture
  • Biology & Environmental Sciences
  • ISI Web of Science/li>
  • Science Citation Index Expanded


Cereal Research Communications
Language English
Size B5
Year of
per Year
per Year
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0133-3720 (Print)
ISSN 1788-9170 (Online)