Authors:
Damien C. Hull International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, School of Social Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK

Search for other papers by Damien C. Hull in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Glenn A. Williams International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, School of Social Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, School of Social Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Burton Street, Nottingham, NG1 4BU, UK

Search for other papers by Glenn A. Williams in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Mark D. Griffiths International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, School of Social Sciences, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK

Search for other papers by Mark D. Griffiths in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Open access

Abstract

Aims

Video games provide opportunities for positive psychological experiences such as flow-like phenomena during play and general happiness that could be associated with gaming achievements. However, research has shown that specific features of game play may be associated with problematic behaviour associated with addiction-like experiences. The study was aimed at analysing whether certain structural characteristics of video games, flow, and global happiness could be predictive of video game addiction.

Method

A total of 110 video game players were surveyed about a game they had recently played by using a 24-item checklist of structural characteristics, an adapted Flow State Scale, the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, and the Game Addiction Scale.

Results

The study revealed decreases in general happiness had the strongest role in predicting increases in gaming addiction. One of the nine factors of the flow experience was a significant predictor of gaming addiction — perceptions of time being altered during play. The structural characteristic that significantly predicted addiction was its social element with increased sociability being associated with higher levels of addictive-like experiences. Overall, the structural characteristics of video games, elements of the flow experience, and general happiness accounted for 49.2% of the total variance in Game Addiction Scale levels.

Conclusions

Implications for interventions are discussed, particularly with regard to making players more aware of time passing and in capitalising on benefits of social features of video game play to guard against addictive-like tendencies among video game players.

  • American Psychiatric Association 2000 Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 4th edition American Psychiatric Association Washington, DC.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A. A. Arnesen 2010 Video game addiction among young adults in Norway:^Prevalence and health The University of Bergen Norway.

  • J. Chen 2007 Flow in games (and everything else) Communications of the ACM 50 4 31 34.

  • M. Csíkszentmihályi 1992 Flow: The psychology of happiness Random House London.

  • M. D. Griffiths 2005 A ‘components’ model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework Journal of Substance Use 10 191 197.

  • M. D. Griffiths 2008 Diagnosis and management of video game addiction New Directions in Addiction Treatment and Prevention 12 27 41.

  • M. D. Griffiths D. J. Kuss D. L. King 2012 Video game addiction:^Past, present and future Current Psychiatry Reviews 8 308 318.

  • M. D. Griffiths A. Meredith 2009 Videogame addiction and treatment Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 39 4 47 53.

  • P. Hills M. Argyle 2002 The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire:^a compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being Personality and Individual Differences 33 1073 1082.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • L.-T. Huang C.-A. Chiu K. Sung C.-K. Farn 2011 A comparative study on the flow experience in web-based and text-based interaction environments Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 14 1–2 3 11.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hunicke, R. & Chapman, V. (2004). AI for dynamic difficulty adjustment in games. In: Proceedings of the Challenges in Game AI Workshop, 19th Nineteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 9196.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Z. Hussain M. D. Griffiths T. Baguley 2012 Online gaming addiction:^Classification, prediction and associated risk factors Addiction Research and Theory 20 5 359 371.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S. A. Jackson R. C. Eklund 2006 The flow scale manual Fitness Information Technology Morgan Town, WV.

  • D. L. King P. H. Delfabbro M. D. Griffiths 2010 Video game structural characteristics: A new psychological taxonomy International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 8 1 90 106.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. King P. Delfabbro M. Griffiths 2011 The role of structural characteristics in problematic video game play:^An empirical study International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 9 3 320 333.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. L. King P. H. Delfabbro M. D. Griffiths 2012 Clinical interventions for technology-based problems:^Excessive Internet and video game use Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy:^An International Quarterly 26 43 56.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. L. King P. H. Delfabbro M. D. Griffiths M. Gradisar 2011 Assessing clinical trials of Internet addiction treatment:^A systematic review and CONSORT evaluation Clinical Psychology Review 31 1110 1116.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. L. King P. H. Delfabbro M. D. Griffiths M. Gradisar 2012 Cognitive-behavioral approaches to outpatient treatment of Internet addiction in children and adolescents Journal of Clinical Psychology 68 1185 1195.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. Kuss M. D. Griffiths 2012 Internet gaming addiction:^A systematic review of empirical research International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 10 2 278 296.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D. J. Kuss M. D. Griffiths 2012 Online gaming addiction in adolescence:^A literature review of empirical research Journal of Behavioral Addictions 1 3 22.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. S. Lemmens P. M. Valkenburg J. Peter 2009 Development and validation of a game addiction scale for adolescents Media Psychology 12 77 95.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. S. Lemmens P. M. Valkenburg J. Peter 2011 Psychosocial causes and consequences of pathological gaming Computers in Human Behavior 27 144 152.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Nakamura M. Csíkszentmihályi 2005 The concept of flow C. R. Snyder S. J. Lopez Handbook of positive psychology Oxford University Press Oxford.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • J. Pallant 2007 SPSS survival manual 3rd edition Open University Press Maidenhead, Berkshire.

  • G. W. Selnow 1984 Playing videogames: The electronic friend Journal of Communication 34 148 156.

  • P. Sweetser P. Wyeth 2005 GameFlow: A model for evaluating player enjoyment in games ACM Computers in Entertainment 3 3 1 24.

  • C. Ting-Jui T. Chih-Chen 2003 The role of flow experience in cyber-game addiction CyberPsychology and Behavior 6 663 675.

  • A. J. van Rooij 2011 Online video game addiction. Exploring a new phenomenon Erasmus University Rotterdam Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

  • R. T. A. Wood M. D. Griffiths 2007 Time loss whilst playing video games: Is there a relationship to addictive behaviours? International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 5 141 149.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. T. A. Wood M. D. Griffiths A. Parke 2007 Experiences of time loss among video game players:^An empirical study CyberPsychology and Behavior 10 38 44.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • R. T. A. Wood M. D. Griffiths D. Chappell M. N. O. Davies 2004 The structural characteristics of video games: A psychostructural analysis CyberPsychology and Behavior 7 1 10.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collapse
  • Expand
The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

Dr. Zsolt Demetrovics
Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University
Address: Izabella u. 46. H-1064 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: +36-1-461-2681
E-mail: jba@ppk.elte.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Web of Science [Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch®)
  • Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition
  • Social Sciences Citation Index®
  • Journal Citation Reports/ Social Sciences Edition
  • Current Contents®/Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • EBSCO
  • GoogleScholar
  • PsycINFO
  • PubMed Central
  • SCOPUS
  • Medline
  • CABI
  • CABELLS Journalytics

2022  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
5713
Journal Impact Factor 7.8
Rank by Impact Factor

Psychiatry (SCIE) 18/155
Psychiatry (SSCI) 13/144

Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
7.2
5 Year
Impact Factor
8.9
Journal Citation Indicator 1.42
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

Psychiatry 35/264

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
69
Scimago
Journal Rank
1.918
Scimago Quartile Score Clinical Psychology Q1
Medicine (miscellaneous) Q1
Psychiatry and Mental Health Q1
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
11.1
Scopus
Cite Score Rank
Clinical Psychology 10/292 (96th PCTL)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 30/531 (94th PCTL)
Medicine (miscellaneous) 25/309 (92th PCTL)
Scopus
SNIP
1.966

 

 
2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
5223
Journal Impact Factor 7,772
Rank by Impact Factor Psychiatry SCIE 26/155
Psychiatry SSCI 19/142
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
7,130
5 Year
Impact Factor
9,026
Journal Citation Indicator 1,39
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

Psychiatry 34/257

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
56
Scimago
Journal Rank
1,951
Scimago Quartile Score Clinical Psychology (Q1)
Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1)
Psychiatry and Mental Health (Q1)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
11,5
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Clinical Psychology 5/292 (D1)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 20/529 (D1)
Medicine (miscellaneous) 17/276 (D1)
Scopus
SNIP
2,184

2020  
Total Cites 4024
WoS
Journal
Impact Factor
6,756
Rank by Psychiatry (SSCI) 12/143 (Q1)
Impact Factor Psychiatry 19/156 (Q1)
Impact Factor 6,052
without
Journal Self Cites
5 Year 8,735
Impact Factor
Journal  1,48
Citation Indicator  
Rank by Journal  Psychiatry 24/250 (Q1)
Citation Indicator   
Citable 86
Items
Total 74
Articles
Total 12
Reviews
Scimago 47
H-index
Scimago 2,265
Journal Rank
Scimago Clinical Psychology Q1
Quartile Score Psychiatry and Mental Health Q1
  Medicine (miscellaneous) Q1
Scopus 3593/367=9,8
Scite Score  
Scopus Clinical Psychology 7/283 (Q1)
Scite Score Rank Psychiatry and Mental Health 22/502 (Q1)
Scopus 2,026
SNIP  
Days from  38
submission  
to 1st decision  
Days from  37
acceptance  
to publication  
Acceptance 31%
Rate  

2019  
Total Cites
WoS
2 184
Impact Factor 5,143
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
4,346
5 Year
Impact Factor
5,758
Immediacy
Index
0,587
Citable
Items
75
Total
Articles
67
Total
Reviews
8
Cited
Half-Life
3,3
Citing
Half-Life
6,8
Eigenfactor
Score
0,00597
Article Influence
Score
1,447
% Articles
in
Citable Items
89,33
Normalized
Eigenfactor
0,7294
Average
IF
Percentile
87,923
Scimago
H-index
37
Scimago
Journal Rank
1,767
Scopus
Scite Score
2540/376=6,8
Scopus
Scite Score Rank
Cllinical Psychology 16/275 (Q1)
Medicine (miscellenous) 31/219 (Q1)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 47/506 (Q1)
Scopus
SNIP
1,441
Acceptance
Rate
32%

 

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Publication Model Gold Open Access
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 990 EUR/article for articles submitted after 30 April 2023 (850 EUR for articles submitted prior to this date)
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%.
Subscription Information Gold Open Access

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2011
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem
Founder's
Address
H-1053 Budapest, Hungary Egyetem tér 1-3.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2062-5871 (Print)
ISSN 2063-5303 (Online)

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Zsolt DEMETROVICS

Assistant Editor(s): Csilla ÁGOSTON

Associate Editors

  • Stephanie ANTONS (Universitat Duisburg-Essen, Germany)
  • Joel BILLIEUX (University of Lausanne, Switzerland)
  • Beáta BŐTHE (University of Montreal, Canada)
  • Matthias BRAND (University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany)
  • Ruth J. van HOLST (Amsterdam UMC, The Netherlands)
  • Daniel KING (Flinders University, Australia)
  • Gyöngyi KÖKÖNYEI (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Ludwig KRAUS (IFT Institute for Therapy Research, Germany)
  • Marc N. POTENZA (Yale University, USA)
  • Hans-Jurgen RUMPF (University of Lübeck, Germany)

Editorial Board

  • Sophia ACHAB (Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Switzerland)
  • Alex BALDACCHINO (St Andrews University, United Kingdom)
  • Judit BALÁZS (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Maria BELLRINGER (Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand)
  • Henrietta BOWDEN-JONES (Imperial College, United Kingdom)
  • Damien BREVERS (University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg)
  • Wim VAN DEN BRINK (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Julius BURKAUSKAS (Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Lithuania)
  • Gerhard BÜHRINGER (Technische Universität Dresden, Germany)
  • Silvia CASALE (University of Florence, Florence, Italy)
  • Luke CLARK (University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada)
  • Jeffrey L. DEREVENSKY (McGill University, Canada)
  • Geert DOM (University of Antwerp, Belgium)
  • Nicki DOWLING (Deakin University, Geelong, Australia)
  • Hamed EKHTIARI (University of Minnesota, United States)
  • Jon ELHAI (University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA)
  • Ana ESTEVEZ (University of Deusto, Spain)
  • Fernando FERNANDEZ-ARANDA (Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain)
  • Naomi FINEBERG (University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom)
  • Sally GAINSBURY (The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia)
  • Belle GAVRIEL-FRIED (The Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, Israel)
  • Biljana GJONESKA (Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Republic of North Macedonia)
  • Marie GRALL-BRONNEC (University Hospital of Nantes, France)
  • Jon E. GRANT (University of Minnesota, USA)
  • Mark GRIFFITHS (Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom)
  • Joshua GRUBBS (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA)
  • Anneke GOUDRIAAN (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Susumu HIGUCHI (National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center, Japan)
  • David HODGINS (University of Calgary, Canada)
  • Eric HOLLANDER (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA)
  • Zsolt HORVÁTH (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Susana JIMÉNEZ-MURCIA (Clinical Psychology Unit, Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain)
  • Yasser KHAZAAL (Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland)
  • Orsolya KIRÁLY (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Chih-Hung KO (Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Taiwan)
  • Shane KRAUS (University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA)
  • Hae Kook LEE (The Catholic University of Korea, Republic of Korea)
  • Bernadette KUN (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Katerina LUKAVSKA (Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic)
  • Giovanni MARTINOTTI (‘Gabriele d’Annunzio’ University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy)
  • Gemma MESTRE-BACH (Universidad Internacional de la Rioja, La Rioja, Spain)
  • Astrid MÜLLER (Hannover Medical School, Germany)
  • Daniel Thor OLASON (University of Iceland, Iceland)
  • Ståle PALLESEN (University of Bergen, Norway)
  • Afarin RAHIMI-MOVAGHAR (Teheran University of Medical Sciences, Iran)
  • József RÁCZ (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary)
  • Michael SCHAUB (University of Zurich, Switzerland)
  • Marcantanio M. SPADA (London South Bank University, United Kingdom)
  • Daniel SPRITZER (Study Group on Technological Addictions, Brazil)
  • Dan J. STEIN (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
  • Sherry H. STEWART (Dalhousie University, Canada)
  • Attila SZABÓ (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Hermano TAVARES (Instituto de Psiquiatria do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil)
  • Alexander E. VOISKOUNSKY (Moscow State University, Russia)
  • Aviv M. WEINSTEIN (Ariel University, Israel)
  • Anise WU (University of Macau, Macao, China)

 

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Dec 2023 0 229 114
Jan 2024 0 144 115
Feb 2024 0 253 173
Mar 2024 0 144 125
Apr 2024 0 152 132
May 2024 0 62 77
Jun 2024 0 0 0