Authors:
Attila Szabo PhD Institute for Health Promotion and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Bogdánfy u. 10, H-1117, Budapest, Hungary

Search for other papers by Attila Szabo PhD in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Ricardo De La Vega Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Search for other papers by Ricardo De La Vega in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
,
Roberto Ruiz-Barquín Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Search for other papers by Roberto Ruiz-Barquín in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
, and
Oswaldo Rivera Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Search for other papers by Oswaldo Rivera in
Current site
Google Scholar
PubMed
Close
Open access

Abstract

Background and aims

In nomothetic research exercise addiction is studied on the basis of symptoms which are most often linked to exercise volume. However, other factors may also affect individuals’ susceptibility to the disorder. The aim of this research was to examine the influence of gender, social context (team or individual sport), and level of athletic training on symptoms of exercise addiction.

Methods

Two groups of university athletes — sport- (n = 57) and non-sport orientation (n = 90) — and a group of elite ultra-marathon runners (n = 95) completed the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI). The psychometric properties of the Spanish EAI were determined.

Results

EAI scores were higher in men than women (p =.018). Participants in team sports reported higher EAI scores than individual athletes (p =.005). Elite runners scored higher on the EAI than university athletes (p =.005), but their scores were unrelated to the volume of training. The prevalence of “at risk” for exercise addiction was 7%–10% in university athletes and 17% among the ultra-marathon runners. The Spanish EAI showed good psychometric properties.

Discussion

The results of the current inquiry show that several factors — including gender, level of athletic training, and social context of the training — affect exercise addiction and, in line with the literature, the volume of exercise did not emerge as an index of susceptibility to exercise addiction.

  • B Allegre P Therme M Griffiths 2007 Individual factors and the context of physical activity in exercise dependence: A prospective study of “ultra-marathoners” International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 5 3 233 243.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • S J Anderson C J Basson C Geils 1997 Personality style and mood states associated with a negative addiction to running Sports Medicine 4 6 11.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • K Berczik A Szabó M D Griffiths T Kurimay B Kun R Urbán Z Demetrovics 2012 Exercise addiction: Symptoms, diagnosis, epidemiology, and etiology Substance Use & Misuse 47 4 403 417.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • British Psychological Society 2010 Code of Human Research Ethics.

  • B Cook H A Hausenblas J Rossi 2013 The moderating effect of gender on ideal-weight goals and exercise dependence symptoms Journal of Behavioral Addictions 2 1 50 55.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D M Furst K Germone 1993 Negative addiction in male and female runners and exercisers Perceptual and Motor Skills 77 192 194.

  • H A Hausenblas D S Downs 2002 Relationship among sex, imagery and exercise dependence symptoms Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 16 2 169 172.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M Lejoyeux C Guillot F Chalvin A Petit V Lequen 2012 Exercise dependence among customers from a Parisian sport shop Journal of Behavioral Addictions 1 1 28 34.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • M B Lichtenstein E Christiansen N Bilenberg R K Støving 2012 Validation of the exercise addiction inventory in a Danish sport context Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • V B Modolo H K M Antunes P R Gimenez M L Santiago S Tufik M T D Mello 2011 Negative addiction to exercise: Are there differences between genders Clinics 66 2 255 260.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • K Mónok K Berczik R Urbán A Szabó M D Griffiths J Farkas A Magi A Eisinger T Kurimay G Kökönyei B Kun B Paksi Z Demetrovics 2012 Psychometric properties and concurrent validity of two exercise addiction measures: A population wide study in Hungary Psychology of Sport and Exercise 13 739 746.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • E F Pierce K A Rohaly B Fritchley 1997 Sex differences on exercise dependence for men and women in a marathon road race Perceptual and Motor Skills 84 3 991 994.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • D Smith C Wright D Winrow 2010 Exercise dependence and social physique anxiety in competitive and non-competitive runners International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 8 1 61 69.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A Szabo 2010 Exercise addiction: A symptom or a disorder? Nova Science Publishers, Inc. New York.

  • A Szabo M D Griffiths 2007 Exercise addiction in British sport science students International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 5 1 25 28.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • P Tata J Fox J Cooper 2001 An investigation into the influence of gender and parenting styles on excessive exercise and disordered eating European Eating Disorders Review 9 3 194 206.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • A Terry A Szabo M D Griffiths 2004 The exercise addiction inventory: A new brief screening tool Addiction Research and Theory 12 489 499.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • World Medical Association 2008 World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Collapse
  • Expand
The author instruction is available in PDF.
Please, download the file from HERE

Dr. Zsolt Demetrovics
Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University
Address: Izabella u. 46. H-1064 Budapest, Hungary
Phone: +36-1-461-2681
E-mail: jba@ppk.elte.hu

Indexing and Abstracting Services:

  • Web of Science [Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch®)
  • Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition
  • Social Sciences Citation Index®
  • Journal Citation Reports/ Social Sciences Edition
  • Current Contents®/Social and Behavioral Sciences
  • EBSCO
  • GoogleScholar
  • PsycINFO
  • PubMed Central
  • SCOPUS
  • Medline
  • CABI

2021  
Web of Science  
Total Cites
WoS
5223
Journal Impact Factor 7,772
Rank by Impact Factor Psychiatry SCIE 26/155
Psychiatry SSCI 19/142
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
7,130
5 Year
Impact Factor
9,026
Journal Citation Indicator 1,39
Rank by Journal Citation Indicator

Psychiatry 34/257

Scimago  
Scimago
H-index
56
Scimago
Journal Rank
1,951
Scimago Quartile Score Clinical Psychology (Q1)
Medicine (miscellaneous) (Q1)
Psychiatry and Mental Health (Q1)
Scopus  
Scopus
Cite Score
11,5
Scopus
CIte Score Rank
Clinical Psychology 5/292 (D1)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 20/529 (D1)
Medicine (miscellaneous) 17/276 (D1)
Scopus
SNIP
2,184

2020  
Total Cites 4024
WoS
Journal
Impact Factor
6,756
Rank by Psychiatry (SSCI) 12/143 (Q1)
Impact Factor Psychiatry 19/156 (Q1)
Impact Factor 6,052
without
Journal Self Cites
5 Year 8,735
Impact Factor
Journal  1,48
Citation Indicator  
Rank by Journal  Psychiatry 24/250 (Q1)
Citation Indicator   
Citable 86
Items
Total 74
Articles
Total 12
Reviews
Scimago 47
H-index
Scimago 2,265
Journal Rank
Scimago Clinical Psychology Q1
Quartile Score Psychiatry and Mental Health Q1
  Medicine (miscellaneous) Q1
Scopus 3593/367=9,8
Scite Score  
Scopus Clinical Psychology 7/283 (Q1)
Scite Score Rank Psychiatry and Mental Health 22/502 (Q1)
Scopus 2,026
SNIP  
Days from  38
submission  
to 1st decision  
Days from  37
acceptance  
to publication  
Acceptance 31%
Rate  

2019  
Total Cites
WoS
2 184
Impact Factor 5,143
Impact Factor
without
Journal Self Cites
4,346
5 Year
Impact Factor
5,758
Immediacy
Index
0,587
Citable
Items
75
Total
Articles
67
Total
Reviews
8
Cited
Half-Life
3,3
Citing
Half-Life
6,8
Eigenfactor
Score
0,00597
Article Influence
Score
1,447
% Articles
in
Citable Items
89,33
Normalized
Eigenfactor
0,7294
Average
IF
Percentile
87,923
Scimago
H-index
37
Scimago
Journal Rank
1,767
Scopus
Scite Score
2540/376=6,8
Scopus
Scite Score Rank
Cllinical Psychology 16/275 (Q1)
Medicine (miscellenous) 31/219 (Q1)
Psychiatry and Mental Health 47/506 (Q1)
Scopus
SNIP
1,441
Acceptance
Rate
32%

 

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Publication Model Gold Open Access
Submission Fee none
Article Processing Charge 850 EUR/article
Printed Color Illustrations 40 EUR (or 10 000 HUF) + VAT / piece
Regional discounts on country of the funding agency World Bank Lower-middle-income economies: 50%
World Bank Low-income economies: 100%
Further Discounts Editorial Board / Advisory Board members: 50%
Corresponding authors, affiliated to an EISZ member institution subscribing to the journal package of Akadémiai Kiadó: 100%
Subscription Information Gold Open Access

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
2011
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
4
Founder Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem
Founder's
Address
H-1053 Budapest, Hungary Egyetem tér 1-3.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 2062-5871 (Print)
ISSN 2063-5303 (Online)

Senior editors

Editor(s)-in-Chief: Zsolt DEMETROVICS

Assistant Editor(s): Csilla ÁGOSTON

Associate Editors

  • Joel BILLIEUX (University of Lausanne, Switzerland)
  • Beáta BŐTHE (University of Montreal, Canada)
  • Matthias BRAND (University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany)
  • Luke CLARK (University of British Columbia, Canada)
  • Daniel KING (Flinders University, Australia)
  • Ludwig KRAUS (IFT Institute for Therapy Research, Germany)
  • H. N. Alexander LOGEMANN (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Astrid MÜLLER (Hannover Medical School, Germany)
  • Marc N. POTENZA (Yale University, USA)
  • Hans-Jurgen RUMPF (University of Lübeck, Germany)
  • Attila SZABÓ (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Róbert URBÁN (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Aviv M. WEINSTEIN (Ariel University, Israel)

Editorial Board

  • Max W. ABBOTT (Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand)
  • Elias N. ABOUJAOUDE (Stanford University School of Medicine, USA)
  • Hojjat ADELI (Ohio State University, USA)
  • Alex BALDACCHINO (University of Dundee, United Kingdom)
  • Alex BLASZCZYNSKI (University of Sidney, Australia)
  • Judit BALÁZS (ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Kenneth BLUM (University of Florida, USA)
  • Henrietta BOWDEN-JONES (Imperial College, United Kingdom)
  • Wim VAN DEN BRINK (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Gerhard BÜHRINGER (Technische Universität Dresden, Germany)
  • Sam-Wook CHOI (Eulji University, Republic of Korea)
  • Damiaan DENYS (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Jeffrey L. DEREVENSKY (McGill University, Canada)
  • Naomi FINEBERG (University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom)
  • Marie GRALL-BRONNEC (University Hospital of Nantes, France)
  • Jon E. GRANT (University of Minnesota, USA)
  • Mark GRIFFITHS (Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom)
  • Anneke GOUDRIAAN (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
  • Heather HAUSENBLAS (Jacksonville University, USA)
  • Tobias HAYER (University of Bremen, Germany)
  • Susumu HIGUCHI (National Hospital Organization Kurihama Medical and Addiction Center, Japan)
  • David HODGINS (University of Calgary, Canada)
  • Eric HOLLANDER (Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA)
  • Jaeseung JEONG (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Republic of Korea)
  • Yasser KHAZAAL (Geneva University Hospital, Switzerland)
  • Orsolya KIRÁLY (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Emmanuel KUNTSCHE (La Trobe University, Australia)
  • Hae Kook LEE (The Catholic University of Korea, Republic of Korea)
  • Michel LEJOXEUX (Paris University, France)
  • Anikó MARÁZ (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany)
  • Giovanni MARTINOTTI (‘Gabriele d’Annunzio’ University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy)
  • Frederick GERARD MOELLER (University of Texas, USA)
  • Daniel Thor OLASON (University of Iceland, Iceland)
  • Nancy PETRY (University of Connecticut, USA)
  • Bettina PIKÓ (University of Szeged, Hungary)
  • Afarin RAHIMI-MOVAGHAR (Teheran University of Medical Sciences, Iran)
  • József RÁCZ (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary)
  • Rory C. REID (University of California Los Angeles, USA)
  • Marcantanio M. SPADA (London South Bank University, United Kingdom)
  • Daniel SPRITZER (Study Group on Technological Addictions, Brazil)
  • Dan J. STEIN (University of Cape Town, South Africa)
  • Sherry H. STEWART (Dalhousie University, Canada)
  • Attila SZABÓ (Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary)
  • Ferenc TÚRY (Semmelweis University, Hungary)
  • Alfred UHL (Austrian Federal Health Institute, Austria)
  • Johan VANDERLINDEN (University Psychiatric Center K.U.Leuven, Belgium)
  • Alexander E. VOISKOUNSKY (Moscow State University, Russia)
  • Kimberly YOUNG (Center for Internet Addiction, USA)

 

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Jun 2022 0 61 58
Jul 2022 0 47 47
Aug 2022 0 66 61
Sep 2022 0 57 54
Oct 2022 0 139 112
Nov 2022 0 97 104
Dec 2022 0 0 0